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Doc 4444. Edition 16
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Procedures For Air Navigation Services. Air Traffic Management
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Published in separate English, Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian and Spanish editions by the INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION ORGANIZATION 999 Robert-Bourassa Boulevard, Montral, Quebec, Canada H3C 5H7 For ordering information and for a complete listing of sales agents and booksellers, please go to the ICAO website at www.icao.int Fifteenth edition 2007 Sixteenth edition 2016 Doc 4444, Procedures for Air Navigation Services Air Traffic Management Order Number 4444 ISBN 978-92-9258-081-0 ICAO 2016 All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, without prior permission in writing from the International Civil Aviation Organization.
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Table Of Contents
COVER PAGE
AMENDMENTS
TABLE OF CONTENTS
FOREWORD
Chapter 1. DEFINITIONS
Chapter 2. ATS SAFETY MANAGEMENT
2.1 GENERAL
2.2 OBJECTIVES
2.3 ATS SAFETY MANAGEMENT ACTIVITIES
2.4 MONITORING OF SAFETY LEVELS
2.5 SAFETY REVIEWS
2.6 SAFETY RISK ASSESSMENTS
2.7 SAFETY-ENHANCING MEASURES
Chapter 3. ATS SYSTEM CAPACITY AND AIR TRAFFIC FLOW MANAGEMENT
3.1 CAPACITY MANAGEMENT
3.2 AIR TRAFFIC FLOW MANAGEMENT
Chapter 4. GENERAL PROVISIONS FOR AIR TRAFFIC SERVICES
4.1 RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE PROVISION OF AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL SERVICE
4.2 RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE PROVISION OF FLIGHT INFORMATION SERVICE AND ALERTING SERVICE
4.3 DIVISION OF RESPONSIBILITY FOR CONTROL BETWEEN AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL UNITS
4.4 FLIGHT PLAN
4.5 AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL CLEARANCES
4.6 HORIZONTAL SPEED CONTROL INSTRUCTIONS
4.7 VERTICAL SPEED CONTROL INSTRUCTIONS
4.8 CHANGE FROM IFR TO VFR FLIGHT
4.9 WAKE TURBULENCE
4.10 ALTIMETER SETTING PROCEDURES
4.11 POSITION REPORTING
4.12 REPORTING OF OPERATIONAL AND METEOROLOGICAL INFORMATION
4.13 PRESENTATION AND UPDATING OF FLIGHT PLAN AND CONTROL DATA
4.14 FAILURE OR IRREGULARITY OF SYSTEMS AND EQUIPMENT
4.15 DATA LINK COMMUNICATIONS INITIATION PROCEDURES
Chapter 5. SEPARATION METHODS AND MINIMA
5.1 INTRODUCTION
5.2 PROVISIONS FOR THE SEPARATION OF CONTROLLED TRAFFIC
5.3 VERTICAL SEPARATION
5.4 HORIZONTAL SEPARATION
5.5 SEPARATION OF AIRCRAFT HOLDING IN FLIGHT
5.6 MINIMUM SEPARATION BETWEEN DEPARTING AIRCRAFT
5.7 SEPARATION OF DEPARTING AIRCRAFT FROM ARRIVING AIRCRAFT
5.8 TIME-BASED WAKE TURBULENCE LONGITUDINAL SEPARATION MINIMA
5.9 CLEARANCES TO FLY MAINTAINING OWN SEPARATION WHILE IN VISUAL METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS
5.10 ESSENTIAL TRAFFIC INFORMATION
5.11 REDUCTION IN SEPARATION MINIMA
Chapter 6. SEPARATION IN THE VICINITY OF AERODROMES
6.1 REDUCTION IN SEPARATION MINIMA IN THE VICINITY OF AERODROMES
6.2 ESSENTIAL LOCAL TRAFFIC
6.3 PROCEDURES FOR DEPARTING AIRCRAFT
6.4 INFORMATION FOR DEPARTING AIRCRAFT
6.5 PROCEDURES FOR ARRIVING AIRCRAFT
6.6 INFORMATION FOR ARRIVING AIRCRAFT
6.7 OPERATIONS ON PARALLEL OR NEAR-PARALLEL RUNWAYS
Chapter 7. PROCEDURES FOR AERODROME CONTROL SERVICE
7.1 FUNCTIONS OF AERODROME CONTROL TOWERS
7.2 SELECTION OF RUNWAY-IN-USE
7.3 INITIAL CALL TO AERODROME CONTROL TOWER
7.4 INFORMATION TO AIRCRAFT BY AERODROME CONTROL TOWERS
7.5 ESSENTIAL INFORMATION ON AERODROME CONDITIONS
7.6 CONTROL OF AERODROME TRAFFIC
7.7 CONTROL OF TRAFFIC IN THE TRAFFIC CIRCUIT
7.8 ORDER OF PRIORITY FOR ARRIVING AND DEPARTING AIRCRAFT
7.9 CONTROL OF DEPARTING AIRCRAFT
7.10 CONTROL OF ARRIVING AIRCRAFT
7.11 REDUCED RUNWAY SEPARATION MINIMA BETWEEN AIRCRAFT USING THE SAME RUNWAY
7.12 USE OF A VISUAL SURVEILLANCE SYSTEM IN AERODROME CONTROL SERVICE
7.13 PROCEDURES FOR LOW VISIBILITY OPERATIONS
7.14 SUSPENSION OF VISUAL FLIGHT RULES OPERATIONS
7.15 AUTHORIZATION OF SPECIAL VFR FLIGHTS
7.16 AERONAUTICAL GROUND LIGHTS
7.17 DESIGNATION OF HOT SPOT(S)
Chapter 8. ATS SURVEILLANCE SERVICES
8.1 ATS SURVEILLANCE SYSTEMS CAPABILITIES
8.2 SITUATION DISPLAY
8.3 COMMUNICATIONS
8.4 PROVISION OF ATS SURVEILLANCE SERVICES
8.5 USE OF SSR TRANSPONDERS AND ADS-B TRANSMITTERS
8.6 GENERAL PROCEDURES
8.7 USE OF ATS SURVEILLANCE SYSTEMS IN THE AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL SERVICE
8.8 EMERGENCIES, HAZARDS AND EQUIPMENT FAILURES
8.9 USE OF ATS SURVEILLANCE SYSTEMS IN THE APPROACH CONTROL SERVICE
8.10 USE OF ATS SURVEILLANCE SYSTEMS IN THE AERODROME CONTROL SERVICE
8.11 USE OF ATS SURVEILLANCE SYSTEMS IN THE FLIGHT INFORMATION SERVICE
Chapter 9. FLIGHT INFORMATION SERVICE AND ALERTING SERVICE
9.1. FLIGHT INFORMATION SERVICE
9.2 ALERTING SERVICE
Chapter 10. COORDINATION
10.1 COORDINATION IN RESPECT OF THE PROVISION OF AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL SERVICE
10.2 COORDINATION IN RESPECT OF THE PROVISION OF FLIGHT INFORMATION SERVICE AND ALERTING SERVICE
10.3 COORDINATION IN RESPECT OF THE PROVISION OF AIR TRAFFIC ADVISORY SERVICE
10.4 COORDINATION BETWEEN AIR TRAFFIC SERVICES UNITS AND AERONAUTICAL TELECOMMUNICATION STATIONS
Chapter 11. AIR TRAFFIC SERVICES MESSAGES
11.1 CATEGORIES OF MESSAGES
11.2 GENERAL PROVISIONS
11.3 METHODS OF MESSAGE EXCHANGE
11.4 MESSAGE TYPES AND THEIR APPLICATION
Chapter 12. PHRASEOLOGIES
12.1 COMMUNICATIONS PROCEDURES
12.2 GENERAL
12.3 ATC PHRASEOLOGIES
12.4 ATS SURVEILLANCE SERVICE PHRASEOLOGIES
12.5 AUTOMATIC DEPENDENT SURVEILLANCE — CONTRACT(ADS-C) PHRASEOLOGIES
12.6 ALERTING PHRASEOLOGIES
12.7 GROUND CREW/FLIGHT CREW PHRASEOLOGIES
Chapter 13. AUTOMATIC DEPENDENT SURVEILLANCE —CONTRACT (ADS-C) SERVICES
13.1 GENERAL
13.2 ADS-C GROUND SYSTEM CAPABILITIES
13.3 ADS-C-RELATED AERONAUTICAL INFORMATION
13.4 USE OF ADS-C IN THE PROVISION OF AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL SERVICE
13.5 USE OF ADS-C IN THE APPLICATION OF SEPARATION MINIMA
Chapter 14. CONTROLLER-PILOT DATA LINK COMMUNICATIONS (CPDLC)
14.1 GENERAL
14.2 ESTABLISHMENT OF CPDLC
14.3 EXCHANGE OF OPERATIONAL CPDLC MESSAGES
Chapter 15. PROCEDURES RELATED TO EMERGENCIES, COMMUNICATION FAILURE AND CONTINGENCIES
15.1 EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
15.2 SPECIAL PROCEDURES FOR IN-FLIGHT CONTINGENCIES IN OCEANIC AIRSPACE
15.3 AIR-GROUND COMMUNICATIONS FAILURE
15.4 ASSISTANCE TO VFR FLIGHTS
15.5 OTHER IN-FLIGHT CONTINGENCIES
15.6 ATC CONTINGENCIES
15.7 OTHER ATC CONTINGENCY PROCEDURES
15.8 PROCEDURES FOR ATS UNITS WHEN A VOLCANIC ASH CLOUD IS REPORTED OR FORECAST
Chapter 16. MISCELLANEOUS PROCEDURES
16.1 RESPONSIBILITY IN REGARD TO MILITARY TRAFFIC
16.2 RESPONSIBILITY IN REGARD TO UNMANNED FREE BALLOONS
16.3 AIR TRAFFIC INCIDENT REPORT
16.4 USE OF REPETITIVE FLIGHT PLANS (RPLs)
16.5 STRATEGIC LATERAL OFFSET PROCEDURES (SLOP)
16.6 NOTIFICATION OF SUSPECTED COMMUNICABLE DISEASES, OR OTHER PUBLIC HEALTH RISK, ON BOARD AN AIRCRAFT
Appendix 1. INSTRUCTIONS FOR AIR-REPORTING BY VOICE COMMUNICATIONS
Appendix 2. FLIGHT PLAN
Appendix 3. AIR TRAFFIC SERVICES MESSAGES
Appendix 4. AIR TRAFFIC INCIDENT REPORT
Appendix 5. CONTROLLER-PILOT DATA LINK COMMUNICATIONS (CPDLC) MESSAGE SET
Appendix 6. ATS INTERFACILITY DATA COMMUNICATIONS (AIDC) MESSAGES