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Doc 8168. Vol 1. Edition 6
Last modified:11/5/2020
Procedures for air navigation services. Aircraft Operations. Volume I — Flight Procedures
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This edition incorporates all amendments approved by the Council prior to 29 August 2018and supersedes on 8 November 2018, all previous editions of Doc 8168, Volume I.INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION ORGANIZATIONDoc 8168Sixth Edition, 2018Aircraft OperationsPROCEDURES FOR AIR NAVIGATION SERVICESVolume I Flight Procedures
This edition incorporates all amendments approved by the Council prior to 29 August 2018and supersedes, on 8 November 2018, all previous editions of Doc 8168, Volume I.INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION ORGANIZATIONDoc 8168Sixth Edition, 2018Aircraft OperationsPROCEDURES FOR AIR NAVIGATION SERVICESVolume I Flight Procedures
Published in separate English, French, Russian and Spanish editions by the INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION ORGANIZATION 999 Robert-Bourassa Boulevard, Montral, Quebec, Canada H3C 5H7 For ordering information and for a complete listing of sales agents and booksellers, please go to the ICAO website at www.icao.int First edition 1982 Fifth edition 2006 Sixth edition 2018 Doc 8168, Procedures for Air Navigation Services Aircraft Operations Volume I Flight Procedures Order Number 8168-1 ISBN 978-92-9258-670-6 ICAO 2019 All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, without prior permission in writing from the International Civil Aviation Organization.
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Table Of Contents
COVER PAGE
AMENDMENTS
TABLE OF CONTENTS
FOREWORD
Part I GENERAL
Section 1 DEFINITIONS, ABBREVIATIONS, ACRONYMS AND UNITS OF MEASUREMENT
Chapter 1 DEFINITIONS
Chapter 2 ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS
Chapter 3 UNITS OF MEASUREMENT
Part II FLIGHT PROCEDURE REQUIREMENTS
Section 1 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
Chapter 1 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
1.1 GENERAL
1.2 OBSTACLE CLEARANCE
1.3 AREAS
1.5 TURNING POINTS
1.4 USE OF FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (FMS)/AREA NAVIGATION (RNAV) EQUIPMENT IN CONVENTIONAL PROCEDURES
1.6 PROTECTION AREA FOR TURNS
1.7 COLD TEMPERATURE CORRECTION
Section 2 DEPARTURE PROCEDURES
Chapter 1 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
1.1 INTRODUCTION
1.2 CONTINGENCY PROCEDURES
1.3 INSTRUMENT DEPARTURE PROCEDURE
1.4 OBSTACLE CLEARANCE
1.5 PROCEDURE DESIGN GRADIENT (PDG)
1.6 FIXES AS AN AID IN OBSTACLE AVOIDANCE
1.7 PERFORMANCE-BASED NAVIGATION (PBN) DEPARTURES
Chapter 2STANDARD INSTRUMENT DEPARTURES
2.1 GENERAL
2.2 PROCEDURE DESIGN GRADIENT
2.3 STRAIGHT DEPARTURES
2.4 TURNING DEPARTURES
3.1 GENERAL
Chapter 3 OMNIDIRECTIONAL DEPARTURES
3.2 BEGINNING OF DEPARTURE
3.3 PROCEDURE DESIGN GRADIENT (PDG)
Section 3 EN-ROUTE PROCEDURES
Chapter 1 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
1.1 GENERAL
1.2 OBSTACLE CLEARANCE AREAS
1.3 CHARTING ACCURACIES
1.4 OBSTACLE CLEARANCE
1.5 PERFORMANCE-BASED NAVIGATION (PBN) EN-ROUTE PROCEDURES
Section 4 ARRIVAL PROCEDURES
Chapter 1 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
1.1 GENERAL
1.2 TERMINAL AREA RADAR (TAR)
1.3 MINIMUM SECTOR ALTITUDES (MSA)/TERMINAL ARRIVAL ALTITUDES (TAA)
1.4 PERFORMANCE-BASED NAVIGTION (PBN) ARRIVALS
Chapter 2 TERMINAL ARRIVAL ALTITUDE
2.1 GENERAL
2.2 STEP DOWN ARCS
2.3 TAA ICONS
2.4 FLIGHT PROCEDURES
2.5 NON-STANDARD TAA
Section 5 APPROACH PROCEDURES
Chapter 1 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
1.1 INTRODUCTION
1.2 INSTRUMENT APPROACH PROCEDURE
1.3 PERFORMANCE-BASED NAVIGATION (PBN) APPROACHES
1.4 CATEGORIES OF AIRCRAFT
1.5 OBSTACLE CLEARANCE
1.6 OBSTACLE CLEARANCE ALTITUDE/HEIGHT (OCA/H)
1.7 FACTORS AFFECTING OPERATIONAL MINIMA
1.8 VERTICAL PATH CONTROL ON NON-PRECISION APPROACH PROCEDURES
1.9 APPROACH OPERATIONS UTILIZING BAROMETRIC VERTICAL NAVIGATION (BARO-VNAV) EQUIPMENT
1.10 DESCENT GRADIENT
Chapter 2INSTRUMENT APPROACH OPERATIONS
2.1 GENERAL
2.2 INSTRUMENT APPROACH OPERATIONS
2.3 3D APPROACH OPERATIONS
2.4 2D APPROACH OPERATIONS
2.5 CONTINUOUS DESCENT FINAL APPROACH (CDFA) TECHNIQUE
Chapter 3 INITIAL APPROACH
3.1 GENERAL
3.2 TYPES OF MANOEUVRES
3.3 FLIGHT PROCEDURES FOR RACETRACKAND REVERSAL PROCEDURES
Chapter 4 INTERMEDIATE APPROACH
4.1 PURPOSE
4.2 MINIMUM OBSTACLE CLEARANCE (MOC)
4.3 BEGINNING AND END OF THE SEGMENT (CONVENTIONAL PROCEDURES)
4.4 PBN INTERMEDIATE SEGMENTS
4.5 BEGINNING AND END OF THE SEGMENT (PBN PROCEDURES)
Chapter 5 FINAL APPROACH
5.1 GENERAL
5.2 NON-PRECISION APPROACH (NPA) WITH FINAL APPROACH FIX (FAF)
5.3 NPA WITHOUT FAF
5.4 APV APPROACH PROCEDURES
5.5 PRECISION APPROACH
5.6 PRECISION APPROACH GLIDE PATH ANGLE/ELEVATION ANGLE
5.7 DETERMINATION OF DECISION ALTITUDE (DA) OR DECISION HEIGHT (DH)
Chapter 6 VISUAL MANOEUVRING (CIRCLING)
6.1 PURPOSE
6.2 VISUAL FLIGHT MANOEUVRE
6.3 PROTECTION
6.4 MISSED APPROACH PROCEDURE WHILE CIRCLING
6.5 VISUAL MANOEUVRING USING PRESCRIBED TRACK
Chapter 7 MISSED APPROACH
7.1 GENERAL
7.2 INITIAL PHASE
7.3 INTERMEDIATE PHASE
7.4 FINAL PHASE
7.5 TURNING MISSED APPROACH
7.6 PBN MISSED APPROACH ATTRIBUTES
Section 6 HOLDING PROCEDURES
Chapter 1 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
1.1 GENERAL
1.2 SHAPE AND TERMINOLOGY ASSOCIATED WITH HOLDING PATTERN
Chapter 2 HOLDING (CONVENTIONAL)
2.1 SPEEDS, RATE OF TURN, TIMING, DISTANCE AND LIMITING RADIAL
2.2 HOLD ENTRY
2.3 HOLDING
2.4 OBSTACLE CLEARANCE
Chapter 3 HOLDING (RNAV)
3.1 INTRODUCTION
3.2 AIRCRAFT EQUIPPED WITH RNAV SYSTEMS INCLUDING CERTIFIED RNAV HOLDING FUNCTIONALITY
3.3 CONVENTIONAL HOLDING PATTERNS
3.4 PILOT RESPONSIBILITIES
3.5 RNAV HOLDING ENTRIES
Section 7 PROCEDURES FOR USE BY HELICOPTERS
Chapter 1 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5 HELICOPTER POINT-IN-SPACE (PinS) PROCEDURES
Chapter 2 HELICOPTER PROCEDURES TO RUNWAYS
2.1 HELICOPTER USE OF INSTRUMENT PROCEDURES PROMULGATED FOR CATEGORY A AEROPLANES
2.2 HELICOPTERS ONLY PROCEDURES (CAT H)
Chapter 3 POINT-IN-SPACE PROCEDURES
3.1 HELICOPTER POINT-IN-SPACE (PinS) DEPARTURES FROM HELIPORTS OR LANDING LOCATIONS
3.2 PBN PinS APPROACH PROCEDURES
Chapter 4 HELIPORT INSTRUMENT FLIGHT PROCEDURES
Attachment A PROCEDURE DESIGN PRINCIPLES
Attachment B CHART CONTENT, EXAMPLES AND EXPLANATIONS