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Circular 165
Microwave Landing System (MLS) - Advisory Circular No.1
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ICAO Circular 165-AN11 04 CIRCULAR MICROWAVE LANDING SYSTEM MLS ADVISORY CIRCULAR ISSUE No. 1 Approved by the Secretary General and published under his authority JNTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION ORGANIZATION MONTREAL CANADA
Published in separate English, French, Russian and Spanish editions by the International Civil Aviafion Organization. All correspondence, except orders and subscriptions, should be addressed to the Secretary General. Orders for this publication should be sent to one of the following addresses, together with the appropriate remittance by .bank draft or post office money order in U.S. dollars or the currency of the country in which the order is placed. International Civil Aviation Organization Attention Distribution Officer P.O. Box 400, Place de I'Aviation internationale 1000 Sherbrooke Street West Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 2R2 Argentina. El Ateneo, Pedro Garcia S.A.L.E. e I., Dpto. Compras - Importation, Patagones 2463, 1282 Buenos Aires. Egypt. ICAO Representative, Middle East and Eastern African Office, 16 Hassan Sabri, Zamalek, Cairo. France. Representant de I'OACI, Bureau Europe, 3 bis, villa Emile-Bergerat, 92522 Neuilly-sur-Seine, Cedex. India. Oxford Book and Stationery Co., Scindia House, New Delhi or 17 Park Street, Calcutta. Japun. Japan Civil Aviation Promotion Foundation, 15- 12, 1 -chome, Toranomon, Minato-Ku, Tokyo. Mexico. Representante de la OACI, Oficina Norteamerica y Caribe, Apartado postal 5-377, Mexico 5, D.F. Peru. Representante de la OACI, Oficina Sudamerica, Apartado 4127, Lima 100. Senegal. Representant de I'OACI, Bureau Afrique, Boite postale 2356, Dakar. Spain. Libreria de Aeronautica y Astronautica Sumaas, Desengaiio, 12-3"-3, Madrid 13. Sweden. C.E. Fritzes Kungl. Hovbokhandel, Box 16356, S-103 27 Stockholm. Thailand. ICAO Representative, Asia and Pacific Office, P.O. Box 614, Bangkok. United Kingdom. Civil Aviation Authority, Printing anct Publications Services, Greville House, 37 Gratton Road, Cheltenham, Glos., GL5O 2BN. Do you receive the ICAO BULLETIN The ICAO Bulletin contains a concise account of the activities of the Organization as well as articles of interest to the aeronautical world. The Bulletin will also keep you up to date on the latest ICAO publica- tions, their contents, amendments, supplements, corrigenda, and prices. Available in three separate editions English, French 'and Spanish. Annual subscription U.S. 1 5.00 surface mail U.S. 20.00 lair mail.
FOREWORD The Air Navigation Commission charged the All Weather Operations Panel AWOP with the task of carrying out a study dealing with the initial period of Microwave Landing System MLS introduction in response to Recommendation 115 of the All Weather Operations Divisional Meeting, Montreal, 4 - 21 April 1978 which reads as follows RECOMMENDATION 115 - PROCEDURES FOR THE INTRODUCTION OF THE MLS That ICAO, concurrently with the development of SAWS relating to the MLS, carry out a study dealing with the initial period of the MLS introduction, including con- sideration of safeguards which would assure continued viable international operations by aircraft not equipped with the MLS during the transition period. Cognizant of the widespread interest associated with the introduction of the MLS, particularly among those not involved in the development of the system, the Panel concluded that the study could best be documented and promulgated in the form of an ICAO Circular embodying the collective experience of those concerned in the ICAO development programme. It was recognized that the preparation of such a circular within a time span likely to respond to the needs of those States interested in early introduction of MLS, wouid necessarily preclude a document based on extensive operational and economic experi- ence. This was so because the ICAO programme for the development of the new system re- quired selection of the new technique prior to the preparation of the associated Inter- national Standards and Recommended Practices. Operational experience gained over the next several years will be used periodically to update the Circular. The Panel has chosen to include in the Circular a discussion of potential benefits whi-ch may be realized from the capabilities of MLS in order to provide the reader with an overall perspective of the possible uses of the new system. It should be recognized that many of these benefits are yet to be demonstrated and will require careful examination to determine their applicability at specific locations, taking into account operational and economic factors. It was also apparent that Panel members held varying views on the degree to which the capabilities of MLS could be utilized during the introductory period. These variations resulted from the fact that each State will have its own unique situation with regard to the ratio of domestic to international air- ports, traffic densities, ATC capabilities and mix of aircraft. These factors will need to be considered when assessing the information in this Circular. The substance of the panel's work regarding the consideration of safeguards to assure continued and unimpaired international operations by aircraft not equipped with the MLS has been proposed for inclusion in Annex 10, Volume I, Chapter 2. This important topic is discussed in more detail in appropriate sections of this Circular. The study was completed at the eighth meeting of the AWOP, held in Montreal, Canada, 11 - 21 March 1980, with the recommendation to the Air Navigation Commission for its publication as an ICAO Circular. The Air Navigation Commission, on 3 November 1980, approved the related recommendation of the Panel and requested the Secretary General to publish this document.
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