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Circular 198
Survey of International Air Transport Fares and Rates (September 1985)
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CIRCULAR I I SURVEY OF I I INTERNATIONAL AIR TRANSPORT ' FARES AND RATES SEPTEMBER 1985 Approved by the Secretary General and pubtished under his authorify INTERNATIONAL CIVIC AVIATION ORGANlZATlON MONTREAL CANADA
fiblished in separate English, French, Russian and Spanish editions by the International Civil Y iation Organization. All correspondence, excepi orders and subscriptions, should be addressed to the Secretary General. Orders for this publication should be sent to one of the following addresses, together with the appropriate remittance by bank draft ox post office money order in U.S. dollars or the currency of the country in which the order is'plaoeb. Document Sales Unit lnteraational Civil Aviation Organization '1000 Sherbrooke Street West, Suite 400 Montreal, Quebec Canada H3A ZR2 Argenfina. El Ateneo, Pedro Qarcia S.A.L.E. e I., Dpto. Cornpras - Importacidn, Patagones 2453, 1282 Buenos Aires. Egypt. ICAO Representative, Middle kt and Eastern African Office, 16 Hassan Sabri, Zarnalek, Cairo, France, Reprbentant de I'OACI. Bureau Europe, 3 bis, villa gmile-Bergerat, 92522 Neuilly-sur-Seine Cdex. India. Oxford Book and Stationery Co., Scindia House, New Itlhi or 14 Park Street, Calcutta. Jajwn. Japan Civil Aviation Promotion Foundation, 15-1 2. I -chome, Toranomon, Minato-Ku, Tokyo, Kenya. ICAO Representative, Eastern African Office, United Nations Accommodation, P.O. Box 46294 Nairobi. Mexico. Representante de la OACI, Oficina Norteamerica y Caribe, Apartado postal 5-377, C.P. 11590, Mexico 5, D.F. Peru. Representante de la OACI, Oficina Sudarntrica, Apartado 4127, Lima 100. Senegal. Representant de I'OACI, Bureau Afrique, Boite postale 2356, Dakar. Spain. Libreria de Aeronautics g Astronutica Sumaas, Desengailo, 12-3O-3, Madrid 13. Thailand. ICAO Representative, Asia and Pacific Office, P.O. Box 614, Bangkok. United Kingdom, Civil Aviation Authority, Printing and PubIications Services, Greville House, 37 Gratton Road, Cbeltenbam, Glos., GL50 2BN. Do you receive the lCAO BULLETIN The ICAO Bulletln contains a concise account of the activities of the Organization as well as articles of interest to the aeronautical world. The Bulletin will also keep you up to date, on the latest lCAO publications, their contents, amendments, supplements, corrigenda and prices. Available in three separate editions Engllsh, French and Spanish. Annual subscriptlon Y.S.15.00 surface mail U.S.20.00 alr mall.
TABLE OF CONTENTS I INTRODUCTION Pane Terms of Reference. Objectives and Scope of the Survey .... Data Sources ............................................. Analysis and Statistical Methodology ..................... Selection of City-Pairs and Route Groups ................. City-Pair Distances Used for Analysis .................... Selection of Fares and Rates ............................. Currencies ............................................... Selection of Survey Period ............................... Structure of the Survey .................................. I1 SUMMARY AND COMPARISONS Introductory Remarks ..................................... Distribution of International City-Pairs by Route Group .. Distribution of International City-Pairs by Distance and by Route Group ............................ A . PASSENGER FARES Relationship between Estimated Normal Economy Fares and Distance ............................................... Comparative Level of Normal Economy Fares by Route Group . Changes in Level of Normal Economy Fares ................................... between 1984 and 1985 Special Fares ............................................. B . CARGO RATES Relationship between Estimated General Cargo Rates for ........................... Small Shipments and Distance Comparative Level of General Cargo Rates for Small ............................... Shipments by Route Group Changes in Level of General Cargo Rates for Small ........................ Shipments between 1984 and 1985 ........................................ Other Cargo Rates
ii ICAO Circular 198-T/76 Table of Contents cont. Page I11 FARES AND RATES BY ROUTE GROUP .... 1 . Between North America and Central America/Caribbean 25 2 . Between and Within Central America and the Caribbean ... 3 0 3 . Between Canada. Mexico and the United States ........... 35 4 . Between North America/Central America/Caribbean and South America .................................... 40 5 . Local South America .................................... 45 6 . Local Europe ......................................... 50 7 . Local Middle East ...................................... 55 8 . Local Africa ........................................... 60 ......................... 9 . Between Europe and Middle East 65 10 . Between Europe/Middle East and Africa .................. 70 11 . North Atlantic ......................................... 75 12 . Mid Atlantic ........................................... 80 13 . South Atlantic ......................................... 85 14 . Local Asia/Pacific ..................................... 90 15 . Between Europe/Middle East /Africa and AsialPacif ic ..... 95 16 . North and Mid Pacific .................................. 100 17 . South Pacific .......................................... 105 APPENDICES 1 . Currency Exchange Rates ........................................ 111 2 . Statistical Methodology and Equations .......................... 115
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