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Circular 219
Survey of International Air Transport Fares and Rates (September 1988)
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CIRCULAR I SURVEY OF INTERNATIONAL AIR TRANSPORT FARES AND RATES SEPTEMBER 1988 Approved by the Secretary General and published under his authority INTERNATIONAL ClVlL AVIATION ORGANIZATION MONTREAL CANADA
Published in separate English, French, Russian and Spanish editions by the International Civil Aviation Organization. AN correspondence, except orders and subscriptions, should be addressed to the Secretary General. Orders for this publication should be sent to one of the following addresses, together with the appropriate remittance by bank draft or post office money order in U.S. dollars or the currency of the country in which the order is placed. Document Sales Unit International Civil Aviation Organization 1000 Sherbrooke Street West, Suite 400 Montreal, Quebec Canada H3A 2R2 Egypt. ICAO Representative, Middle East Office, 16 Hassan Sabri, Zamalek, Cairo. France. Representant de I'OACI, Bureau Europe, 3 bis, villa mile-Bergerat, 92522 Neuilly-sur-Seine Cedex. India. Oxford Book and Stationery Co., Scindia House, New Delhi or 17 Park Street, Calcutta. Japan. Japan Civil Aviation Promotion Foundation, 15-12, I-chome, Toranomon, Minato-Ku, Tokyo. Kenya. ICAO Representative,.Eastern and Southern African Office, United Nations Accommodation, P.O. Box 46294 Nairobi. Mexico. Representante de la OACI, Oficina Norteamkrica, Centroamerica y Caribe, Apartado postal 5-377, C.P. 11590, Mexico 5, D.F. Peru. Representante de la OACI, Oficina Sudamtrica, Apartado 4127, Lima 100. Senegal. Representant de I'OACI, Bureau Afrique occidentale et centrale, Boite postale 2356, Dakar. Spain. Pilot's, Suministros Aeronauticos, S.A., C/Ulises, 5-Oficina Nlim. 2, 28043 Madrid. Thailand. ICAO Representative, Asia and Pacific Office, P.O. Box 614, Bangkok. United Kingdom. Civil Aviation Authority, Printing and Publications Services, Greville House, 37 Gratton Road, Cheltenham, Glos., GLSO 2BN. Do you receive the ICAO BULLETIN The ICAO Bulletin contains a concise account of the activities of the Organization as well as articles of interest to the aeronautical world. The Bulletin will also keep you up to date on the latest lCAO publications, their contents, amendments, supplements, corrigenda and prices. Available in three separate editions English, French and Spanish. Annual subscription U.S.ZQ.OO surface mail U.S.25.00 air mail.
TABLE OF CONTENTS Page . I . INTRODUCTION Terms of reference. objectives and scope of the survey ....... Data sources ............................ Analysis and statistical methodology ................ Selection of city-pairs and route groups .............. City-pair distances used for analysis ................ Selection of fares and rates .................... Currencies ............................. Selection of survey period ...................... Structure of the survey ....................... I . COMPARATIVE SUMMARY OF INTERNATIONAL PASSENGER FARES Introductory remarks ........................ ' 7 ....... Distribution of international city-pairs by route group 7 ........ Distribution of international city-pairs by distance 7 Distribution of international city-pairs by route group and by distance ............................. 9 Relationship between estimated economy class . normal fares and distance ..................... 9 ... Comparative level of economy class normal fares by route group 10 Changes in level of economy class normal fares between 1987 and 1988 ....................... 12 Other normal fares ......................... 15 Economy class special fares ..................... 16 Preferential fares ......................... 17 I I I . COMPARATIVE SUMMARY OF INTERNATIONAL CARGO RATES Introductory remarks ................. Distribution of international city-pairs by route group Distribution of international city-pairs by distance . Distribution of international city-pairs by route group ..................... bydistance Relationship between estimated general cargo rates for ............. small shipments and distance Comparative level of general cargo rates for small ............... shipments by route group Changes in level of general cargo rates for small ........... shipments between 1987 and 1988 ....... 19 ....... 19 ....... 19 and ....... 21 ................... Other cargo rates
ii ............. ICAO Circular 219-AT187 ......-......... Page . IV . FARES AND RATES BY INTERNATIONAL ROUTE GROUP ...... Retween North America and Central AmericafCaribbean ...... Between and within Central America and the Caribbean .......... Between Canada. Mexico and the United States Between North America/Central AmericaICaribbean andSouthAmerica ....................... Local South America ...................... Local Europe .......................... ....................... Local Middle East Local Africa .......................... ................. Between Europe and Middle East ............. Between Europe/Middle East and Africa NorthAtlantic ......................... Mid Atlantic .......................... SouthAtlantic ......................... Local AsiaIPacific ....................... ....... Between EuropefMiddle EastlAfrica and AsiafPacific ..................... North and Mid Pacific SouthPacific ......................... APPENDIX 1 . DESCRIPTIONS OF ROUTE GROUPS .............. APPENDIX 2 . CURRENCY CONVERSION RATES ............... ......... APPENDIX 3 . STATISTICAL METHODOLOGY AND EQUATIONS The designations employed and the presentation of the material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of ICAO concerning the legal status of any country. territory. city or area or of its authorities. or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries .
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Table Of Contents
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TABLE OF CONTENTS