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Circular 224
Survey of International Air Transport Fares and Rates (September 1989)
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ICAO ClRCU LAR 224-AT191 1 CIRCULAR SURVEY OF INTERNATIONAL AIR TRANSPORT FARES AND RATES SEPTEMBER 1989 Approved by the Secretary General and published under hls duthority INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION ORGANlZAf lON MONf REAL CANADA
Pubfished in separate English, French, Russian and Spanish editions by the International Civil A viation Orguniza f ion. A /I corresponderr re, except orders and subscripiiorrs, should be addressed to the Secretary General. Orders for this pubIication should be sent to one of the following addresses, together with the appropriate remittance by bank draft cr pm office money arder in U.S, dollars or rhe currency of the country in which the order is placed. Document Sales Unit International Civil Avlatian Organization 1000 Sherbrooke Street West. Suite 400 Motreal, Quebec Canada H3A 2R2 Egypt, ICAO Representative, Middle East Office, 9 Shagatet El Darr Street, Zamalek 1 12 1 1, Cairo. Fmncg. Reprbmtant Be I'OACI. Burtau Europe, 3 bis, vina Ernile-Bergcrat, 92522 Neuilwsur-Seine Cedexj. Idia. Oxford Book and Stationery Co., Scindia House, New Delhi or 17 Park Street. Caicutta. Japan. Japan Civil Aviation Promotion Foundation, 15-12, I-chome, ora an om on, Minato-Ku, Tokyo. Xenyo. ICAO Representative, haern and Sourhern African Office, United Nations Accommodatio, P.O. Box 46294, Nairobi. Mexico. Represemante de la OACI, Oficina NorteamCrica, Centroamdrica y Caribe, Apartado postal 5-377, C.P. 1 1595, Mbico 5, D.F. Peru. Representante de la OACI, Oficina Sudamirica, Apartado 4127, Lima 100. Senegal. Rtprtsentant de I'OACI, Bureau Afrique wcidentale et centrale, Boite postale 2356, Dakar. Spain. Pilot's, Suministros AeronButitos, S, A., C/Utises, 54Ficina N6m. 2, 28043 Madrid. Thailand. ICAO Representative, Asia and Pacific Office, P.O. Box 6 14, Bangkok. United Kingdom. Civil Aviation Authority, Printing and Publications Services, Greville House, 37 Gratton Road, Cheltenham, Glos., GLW 2BN. The Catalogue of ICAO Publications issued annually, the Catalogue lists all publications currently available. Monthly supplements announce new publications, amendments, supplements, reprints, etc. Available free from the Document Sales Unit, lCbO
TABLE OF COH'fERTS T . INTRODUCTION ....... Terms of reference. objectives and scope of the survey ............................ Data sources ................ Analysis and stattiral methodology .............. Selection of city-pairs snd route groups ................ City-pairdistancesused for analysis .................... Selectkt of fares and rates Currencies ............................ ..................... Selection of survey period ....................... Structure of the survey 11 . COMPARATIVE SUMMARY OF INTERNATIONAL PASSENGER FARES ..................... Introductory remarks .... Distribution of international city-pairs by route group ..... Distribution of international city-pairs by distance Disttibut ion of international city-pairs by route group and bydistance ......................... Relationship between estimated economy elass .................. normal fares and distance Comparative level of economy class normal fares by route group Changes in level of economy class normal fares .................... between 1988 and 1989 ...................... Other normal fares .................. Economy class special fares ...................... Preferential fares 111 . COMPARATIVE SUMHARY OF INTERNATIONAL CAIG0 PATES ................. Introductory remarks Distribution of international city-pairs by route group Distribution of international city-pairs by distance . Distxibut ion of international city-pairs by route group ..................... bydistance Relationship between estimated general cargo rates for ............. small shipments and distance Comparative level of general cargo rates for small shipments by route group .......-....... Changes in level of general cargo rates for small shipments between 1988 and 1989 ........... Other cargo Etes ................... ....... 19 19 ....... ....... 19 and ....... 21
i i ICAO Circular 224-AT/91 ......................... ............... Page ...- TV . FARES AND RATES BY INTERNATIONAL ROUTE GROUP Route group 1 . Between North America and ................... Central America/Caribbean 29 Route group 2 . Between and within Central America and theCaribbean ....................... 34 Route group 3 . Between Canada. Mexico and the United States ....................... 38 Route group 4 . Between North America/Central America/ .................. Caribbeanand SouthAmerica 42 Route group 5 . Local South hmetica ................ 47 .................... Routegroup6.LcalEurope. 51 Route group 7 . Local Fiddle East .................. 56 Route group 8 . Local Africa ..................... 61 ............ Route group 9 . Between Europe and Middle East 66 Routegroup 30 . BetweenuropsMiddleEast and Africa ....... 71 Route group 11 . North Atlantic ................... 76 Route group12.HidAtlantic .................... 81 Routegroup 13 . SouthAtlantic ................... 86 Route group 14 . Local sia/Pacif ic ................. 91 Route group 15 . Between urope/Hiddle East/Africa and Asia/Pacific .......................... 96 Rwte group 16 . North and Hid Pacific ................ 101 Roate group 17 . South Pacific .................... 107 .............. APPENDIX 1 . DESCRIPTIONS OF ROUTF. GROUPS 113 ......... . APPENDIX 3 3TAT2STTCAL METIlODOfMX bWll EQUATIOXS 119 The designations employed and the presentation Q material in this publication do not imply the expreesion of any opinion whatso- ever on the part of TCAO concerning the legal status of any country. territory. city or area or of its authorities. or cancerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries .
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