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Circular 226
Automatic Dependent Surveillance
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CIRCULAR AUTOMATIC DEPENDENT SURVEILLANCE Approved by fhe Secretary General and published under his authority INTERNATIONAL ClVIL AVlATlOEE ORGANlZATION MONTREAL CANADA
Published in separate English, French, Russian and Spanish editions by the Inrernatlonal Civil Aviation Organizdion. All correspondence, except orders and subscriptions, should be addressed to the Secretary General. Orders for this pubiication should be sent to one of the following addresses, together with the appropriate remittance by bank draft or post orrice money order in U.S. dollars or the currency of the country in which the order is placed. Document Sales Unit International Civil Aviation Organization 1000 Sherbrooke Street West, Suite 400 Montreal, Quebec Canada H3A 2R2 Egypt. ICAO Representative, Middle East Office, 9 Shagaret El Dorr Street, Zamalek 1 121 1, Cairo. France. Reprtsentant de I'OACI, Bureau Europe, 3 bis, villa rnile13ergerat, 92522 Neuilly-sur-Seine Cedex. fndia. Oxford Book and Stationery Co., Scindia House, New Delhi or 17 Park Street, Calcutta. Japan. Japan Civil Aviation Promotion Foundation, 15-1 2, I -chome, Toranomon, Minato-Ku, Tokyo. Kenya. ICAO Representative, Eastern and Southern African Office, United Nations Accommdatian, P.O. Box 46294, Nairobi. Mexico. Representante de la OACI, Oficina Norteamesica, CentroamCrica y Caribe, apart ad postal 5-377, C.P. L 1590, Mkxico 5, D.F. Peru. Representante de la OACI, Oficina Sudamtrica, Apartado 4127, Lima 100. Senegal. Representant de I'OACI, Bureau Afrique occidentale et centrale, Boite postaIc 2356, Dakar. Spain. Pilot's, Suministros Aeroniuticos, S.A., C/Ulises, S-Uficina N6m. 2, 28043 Madrid. Thailand. ICAO Representative, Asia and Pacific Office, P.O. Box 614, Bangkok. United Kingdom. Civil Aviation Authority, Printing and Publications Services, GreviFle House, 37 Gratton Road. Chelrenham, Glas., GL50 2BN. The Catalogue of ICAO Publications Issued annually, the Catalogue tists all publications currently avaiiabie. Monthly supplements announce new publications, amendments, suppjements, reprints, stc. Available free from the Document Sales Unit, ICAO
The ICAO Council's Special Committee on Future Air Navigation Systems FANS, in accordance with its terms of reference, carried out extensive studies aimed at identifying and assessing new concepts and new technology, including satellite technology, which may have future benefits for the development of irlternational civil aviation. Automatic dependent surveillance ADS was defined by the FANS Committee as a function for use by air traffic services whereby aircraft automatically transmit, via data link, data derived from on-board navigation systems, including aircraft identification and three-dimensional position, This circular has been prepared by the ICAO Secretariat with the assistance of an air navigation ADS Study Group comprising experts from ten Cantracting States and five international organizations, El contains guidance material on ADS including information concerning the experience gained to date regarding development and planning of ADS, pre-implementation programmes and harmonization of air traffic services. The purpose of the circular is to provide information on a number of aspects of ADS that, would benefit and harmonize its early world-wide implementation. The introduction and operation of ADS will provide air traffic service units with the capability to extend automatic surveillance of aircraft beyond present radar coverage and to monitor air traffic operations over oceanic and land areas where procedural air traffic control is presently applied. It is envisaged that the implementation of ADS will have considerable impact on air traffic control procedures and that the guidance material presented herein wiI1 need to be supplemented ia the light of experience. It is therefore recommended that States share with ICAO their experience concerning ADS with the objective of updating the guidance material contained in this circular.
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Table Of Contents
COVER PAGE
FOREWORD
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
Chapter 5
Appendix A
Appendix B