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Circular 85
Safety in Aerial Work
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SAFETY IN AERIAL WORK Part 1.- Agricultural Operations Prepared by the Secretariat and published by authority of the Secretary General ICYTERCYATIONAL CRVIL AVIATION ORGAN t ZATloN MONTREAL a CANAOA
Published in separate English, French and Spantrh editions by the Internariunal Civil A viation Organization. AN correspondence, except orders and subscriptions, should be addressed to the Secretary General of ICAO, International Aviation Building, 1080 University Street, Montreal 3 Quebec, Canada. Orders for this publication should be sent to one of the following addresses, together with the appmpriate remittance by bank draft or post office money order in U.S. dollars or the currency of the country in which the order is placed or in a freely convertible currency Australia Robertson and Mullens, 207 Peru Representante de la OACI, Oficina Elizabeth Street, Melbourne, C. 1, SudamCrica, Apartado 4127, 'Lima. Canada Department of Public Printing and Stationery, Ottawa Qntario . Senegal Reprhsentant de KOACI, Bureau Afrique, Bofte postale 2356, Dakar, France Repr4sentant de I'OACI, Bureau Europe, 3bis, villa firnile-ergerat, NeuiUy- Sweden C. E. Fritz Kungl. Hovbokhan- sur-Sdne Seine. del, Fredsgatan 2, Box 16356, Stockholm 18. India Oxford Bbok and Stationery Co., Thailand ICAO Representative, Far East Scirzdia Souse, New Deki or 17 Park Street, and Pacific Office, P.O. Box 614, Bangkok. Calcutta. Japan Japanese "IICAO" Society, Hikokan United Arab Republic lCAO Represen- Aviation Buif ding , 1-18-1 Shimbashi, tative, Middle East and Eastern African Ninatoh, Tokyo. Office, 16 Hassan Sabri, Zamalek, Cairo. Mexico Editorial Hermes A., Ignacio United Kingdom Her Majesty's Stationery Mariscai 41, M6xico 4, Q.F. OflFice, P.0, Box 569, London, S.E. 1, International Civil Aviation Organization Attention Distrib'ition Officer, International Aviation Building, 1080 University Street, Montreal 3 Quebec, Canada. Do yu receive the /CO BULLETIN The 1CAO Bufietin contains a concise account of fhe activities of the Organization us well as articles of interest to the aero- naufical world. The Bulletin will also keep you up to dote on the latest lCAO publications, their contents, amendments, supplements, corri- genda, and prices. Availabfe in three reporofe, edXonr English, French and Spanish. Annuof subscription U.S. 2.60.
TABLE OF CONTENTS ...................................... FOREWORD iii CHAPTER 1.. INTRODUCTION .............................. 1 1.1 HistoricalBackground ....................... 1 1.2 Scope of this Circular ...................... 2 CHAPTER 2.. ACCIDENTS IN AGRICULTURAL AVIATION ................... 4 2.1 AccidgntRate ........................... 4 ...... 2.2 Analysis of Accidents ................ 5 CHAPTER 3.- REGULATIONS AND PROCEDURES TO IMPROVE SAFETY IN AGRICULTURAL AVIATION ......................... 8 .............................. General 8 Structural Design ......................... 8 Performance and Handling ..................... 9 GeneralOperatingRules ...................... 13 Airstris ............................. 14 ...................... Meteorological Aspects 16 Pilot Standards .......................... 18 Corrosion Protection ...................... 20 ......................... Crash Protection 21 Fire Prevent ion ....................... 23 Dusting and Spray Equipment ................... 25 Maintenance Requirements .................... 27 Operations Manual ....................... 28 Toxicology of Agricultural Chemicals ............... 29 Flight Fatigue and Flight Time Limitations ............ 35 Personal Practices of Agricultural Pilots with a Direct Bearing on Safety .................... 39 CHAPTER 4.. ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT OF AGRICULTURAL AVLATION OPERATIONS . 45 CHAPTER 5.- SPECIAL OPERATIONAL TECHNIQUES AND PROBLEMS IN AGRICULTURAL AVIATION . . 47 CHAPTER 6.. THE ICAO ELEVEN POINT SAFETY GUIDE .................. 50 ............... APPENDIX A-I . WHAT ARE YOU DOING TO YOUR AIRCRAFT 51 APPENDIX A-11 . THE STRUCTURAL FATIGUE HAZARD IN AGRICULTURAL AIRCRAFT . 56 ........... APPENDIX A-111 . MAKE SURE THAT YOU KNOW YOUR DENSITY ALTITUDE 64
ICAO Circular 85-AN/ 7 1 Page APPENDIX A-IV - WATCH THOSE TURNS - AND KNOW YOUR RECOVmY TECHNIQUES. . a a 68 APPENDIX A-V -WTSINKINGFEELING... a, ,. .. .. e . . 73 APPENLIX A-VI - COmOSION PROTECTION . . a . a a . . 76 APPENDIX A-VII. - COWSIOH BY AGRTCULTURIU, CHEMICAZiS OF AIRWES AND SPRAYING EQUIPMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . , . . . . . 81 APPENDIX A-VZII - NOTES FOR GUIDANCE IN PREPARATION OF OPmTIONS MANUALS FOR AGRICULTURAL AVIATION U.R. . . . . . . . . . . a . . . . . . . 94 APPENDIX 3-1 - NEW SPINNINGNOZZLE FOR LOW VOLUME AERIAL APPLICATION . . . . 100 .- -- - - - APPENDIX B-11 - AIRCRAFT SPRAY SYSTEM MODIFICATIONS FOR APPLICATION OF TECmZCAL HALATHION . . . . a . . . . , . . . . . . a . . . . . 102 APPENDIX B-111 - EXTRACTS FROM REGULATION 50159 ISSUED BY THE NATIONAL DIRECTORATE OF CIVIL AVIATION, ARGENTINA . , . . . . . . . . . . 105 APPENIIX EIV - CIRCULAR NO. 10, ISSUED BY DZRECTOUTE OF CIVIL AVFATZON, MINISTRY OF CO-ICATLONS, VEPJEZUaA . . . , . . . . . . . 109
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Table Of Contents
COVER PAGE
TABLE OF CONTENTS
FOREWORD
CHAPTER 1.
CHAPTER 2.
CHAPTER 3.
CHAPTER 4.
CHAPTER 5.
CHAPTER 6.
APPENDIX A-I
APPENDIX A-II
APPENDIX A-III
APPENDIX A-IV
APPENDIX A-V
APPENDIX A-VI
APPENDIX A-VII
APPENDIX A-VIII
APPENDIX B-I
APPENDIX B-II
APPENDIX B-III