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Circular 164
Regional Differences in Fares, Rates and Costs for International Air Transport - 1979
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CIRCULAR I I IN FARES, RATES AND COSTS I I FOR INTERNATIONAL AIR TRANSPORT I 1979 Approved by the Secretary General and published under his authority INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION ORGANIZATION MONTREAL CANADA
Published in separate English, French, Russian and Spanish editions by the International Civil Aviation Organization. All correspondence, except orders and subscriptions, should be addressed to the Secretary General. Orders for this publication should be sent to one of the following addresses, together with the appropriate remittance by bank draft or post office money order in U.S. dollars or the currency of the country in which the order is placed. International Civil Aviation Organization Attention Distribution Officer P.O. Box 400, Place de I' Aviation internationale 1000 S herbrooke Street West Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 2R2 Argentina. El Ateneo, Pedro Garcia S.A.L.E. e I., Dpto. Compras - Importation, Patagones 2463, 1282 Buenos Aires. Egvpr. ICAO Representative, Middle East and Eastern African Oflice, 16 Hassan Sabri, Zamalek, Cairo. France. Representant de I'OACI, Bureau Europe, 3bis, villa Emile-Bergerat, 92522 Neuilly-sur-Seine, Cedex. India. Oxford Book and Stationery Co., Scindia House, New Delhi or 17 Park Street, Calcutta. Japan. Japan Civil Aviation Promotion Foundation, 1 5- 12, 1 -chome, Toranomon, Minato-Ku, Tokyo. Mexico. Representante de la OACI, Oficina Norteamerica y Caribe, Apartado postal 5-377, Mexico 5, D.F. Perbr. Representante de la OACI, Oficina Sudamerica, Apartado 4127, Lima 100. Senegal. Representant de I'OACI, Bureau Afrique, Bdte postale 2356, Dakar. Spain. Libreria de Aeronautica y Astronautica Sumaas, Desengaiio, 12-3O-3, Madrid 13 Sweden. C.E. Fritzes Kungl. Hovbokhandel, Box 16356, 5-103 27 Stockholm. Thailand. ICAO Representative, Asia and Pacific Office, P.O. Box 614, Bangkok. United Kingdom. Civil Aviation Authority, Printing and Publications Services, Greville House, 37 Gratton Road, Cheltenham, Glos., GLSO 2BN. Do you receive the ICAO BULLETIN The ICAO Bulletin contains a concise account of the activities of the Organization as well as articles of interest to the aeronautical world. The Bulletin will also keep you up to date on the latest ICAO publica- tions, their contents, amendments, supplements, corrigenda, and prices. Available in three separate editions English, French and Spanish. Annual subscription U.S. 15.00 surface mail U.S. 20.00 air maill
TABLE OF CONTENTS Page I INTRODUCTION ................................................. 1 I1 LEVELS OF FARES AND RATES For Passenger Traffic ........................................ 3 For Freight and Mail Traffic ................................. 4 I11 REGIONAL DIFFERENCES IN SCHEDULED PASSENGER FARES AND RELATED COSTS Overall Financial Results by International Route Group ....... 9 ........... Variations in evenue/ost Ratios amongst Airlines 11 Comparison of Results for 1979 with Those for 1978 ........... 13 IV FACTORS CAUSING REGIONAL DIFFERENCES IN COSTS ................ 17 Aircraft Mix and Stage Length ................................ 19 Prices for Aircraft Fuel and Oil ............................. 21 Airport and Associated Charges ............................... 21 .................................................. Load Factor 23 Other Causes of Regional Differences in Costs ................ 23 Summary of Causes of Regional Differences in Costs ........... 24 V POSSIBLE MEANS OF REDUCING REGIONAL DIFFERENCES IN FARES AND COSTS Reduction of Cost Differences ................................ 27 Reduction of Differences in Fare Levels ...................... 28
Table of Contents ct'd Page APPENDICES 1 Data Sources and Coverage 3 1 ...................................... . 2 Method of Analysis and Margins of Uncertainty 35 .................. . 3 . Questionnaires Relating to Revenues and Costs .................. 41 I . Facsimiles of Questionnaires and Attachments ............... 41 I1 . Respondents to Questionnaires .............................. 47
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