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Circular 284
Privatization in the Provision of Airports and Air Navigation Services
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Cir 284 AT11 20 Privatization in the Provision of Airports and Air Navigation Services Approved by the Secretary General and published under his authority March 2002 International Civil Aviation Organization
Published in English only by the International Civil Aviation Organization. All correspondence, except orders and subscriptions, should be addressed to the Secretary General. Orders should be sent to one of the following addresses, together with the appropriate remittance by bank draft, cheque or money order in U.S. dollars or the currency of the country in which the order is placed. Credit card orders American Express, Mastercard and Visa are accepted at ICAO Headquarters. International Civil Aviation Organization. Attention Document Sales Unit 999 University Street, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3C 5H7 Telephone 1 514 954-8022 Facsimile 1 514 954-6769 Sitatex YULADYA E-mail sales-uniticao.int Egypt. ICAO Regional Director, Middle East Office, Egyptian Civil Aviation Complex, Cairo Airport Road, Heliopolis, Cairo 11776 Telephone 20 2 267-4840 Facsimile 20 2 267-4843 Sitatex CAICAYA France. Directeur rtgional de I'OACI, Bureau Europe et Atlantique Nord, 3 bis, villa mile-ererat, 92522 Neuilly-sur-Seine Cedex Ttltphone 33 1 46 41 85 85 Ttltcopieur 33 1 46 41 85 00 Sitatex PAREUYA India. Oxford Book and Stationery Co., Scindia House, New Delhi 110001 or 17 Park Street, Calcutta 700016 Telephone 91 11 331-5896 Facsimile 91 11 332-2639 Japan. Japan Civil Aviation Promotion Foundation, 15-12, 1-chome, Toranomon, Minato-Ku, Tokyo Telephone 81 3 3503-2686 Facsimile 81 3 3503-2689 Kenya. ICAO Regional Director, Eastern and Southern African Office, United Nations Accommodation, P.O. Box 46294, Nairobi Telephone 254 2 622-395 Facsimile 254 2 226-706 Sitatex NBOCAYA Mexico. Director Regional de la OACI, Oficina Norteamtrica, Centroamtrica y Caribe, Masaryk No. 29-3er. piso, Col. Chapultepec Morales, Mtxico, D.F., 11570 Teltfono 52 55 52 50 32 11 Facsimile 52 55 52 03 27 57 Sitatex MEXCAYA Nigeria. Landover Company, P.O. Box 3165, Ikeja, Lagos Telephone 234 1 4979780 Facsimile 234 1 4979788 sit ate LOSLORK Peru. Director Regional de la OACI, Oficina Sudamtrica, Apartado 4127, Lima 100 Teltfono 51 1 302260 Facsimile 51 1 640393 Sitatex LIMCAYA Russian Federation. Aviaizdat, 48, 1. Franko Street, Moscow 121351 Telephone 7 095 417-0405 Facsimile 7 095 417-0254 Senegal. Directeur rtgional de I'OACI, Bureau Afrique occidentale et centrale, Boite postale 2356, Dakar Ttltphone 221 8-23-54-52 Ttltcopieur 221 8-23-69-26 Sitatex DKRCAYA Slovakia. Air Traffic Services of the Slovak Republic, Letovt previdzkovt sluzby Slovenskej Republiky, State Enterprise, Letisko M.R. Stefknika, 823 07 Bratislava 21, Slovak Republic Telephone 421 7 4857 11 11 Facsimile 421 7 4857 2105 South Africa. Avex Air Training Pty Ltd., Private Bag X102, Halfway House, 1685, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa Telephone 27 11 315-0003/4 Facsimile 27 1 1 805-3649 E-mail avexiafrica.com Spain. A.E.N.A. - Aeropuertos Espaiioles y Navegaci6n Atrea, Calle Juan Ignacio Luca de Tena, 14, Planta Tercera, Despacho 3. 11, 28027 Madrid Teltfono 34 91 321-3148 Facsimile 34 91 321-3157 Correo electr6nico sscc.ventasoaciaena.es Thailand. ICAO Regional Director, Asia and Pacific Office, P.O. Box 11, Samyaek Ladprao, Bangkok 10901 Telephone 66 2 537-8189 Facsimile 66 2 537-8199 Sitatex BKKCAYA United Kingdom. Airplan Flight Equipment Ltd. AFE, la Ringway Trading Estate, Shadowmoss Road, Manchester M22 5LH Telephone 44 161 499 0023 Facsimile 44 161 499 0298 E-mail enquiriesafeonline.com World Wide Web http//www.afeonline.com Catalogue of ICAO Publications and Audio-visual Training Aids Issued annually, the Catalogue lists all publications and audio-visual training aids currently available. Monthly supplements announce new publications and audio-visual training aids, amendments, supplements, reprints, etc. Available free from the Document Sales Unit, ICAO
iFOREWORD1.Many changes have occurred in recent years in ownership and management in the provision ofairports and, to a lesser extent, air navigation services. The changes have generally been thought of asprivatization. However, these changes can take various forms, and while they generally reflect a move awayfrom government ownership and management, they do not necessarily and indeed rarely denote outrightprivatization per se, particularly as regards ownership. This underlies the need expressed by States for guidancein this area from ICAO.2.This circular responds, in part, to that need. It presents information on developments taking placein various parts of the world in ownership and management in the provision of airports and air navigationservices, provides definitions and analyses of the options available, together with the possible implications ofthese options, and discusses major issues to be examined by States when considering a change in ownershipand management. It also brings to the notice of States important provisions of the Convention on InternationalCivil Aviation Doc 7300 and other ICAO policy and guidance documents regarding regulatory measures andthe need for providing safeguards.3.The guidance in this circular takes into account the wide range of circumstances faced by providersof airports and air navigation services in various regions and individual States. It is nevertheless based on theinternational policies and principles on airports and air navigation services management that States havedeveloped through ICAO. The basis for these policies and principles is set forth in Article 15 of the Convention.Extensive guidance for Contracting States was developed by the Council and is contained in ICAOs Policieson Charges for Airports and Air Navigation Services Doc 9082, which was revised and updated by theCouncil in December 2000. The guidance material presented in this circular is consistent with andcomplementary to the guidance provided in both the Airport Economics Manual Doc 9562 and the Manualon Air Navigation Services Economics Doc 9161 and takes into consideration relevant recommendationsadopted during the Conference on the Economics of Airports and Air Navigation Services ANSConf 2000,Montreal, 1928 June 2000 and subsequently approved by the Council.4.This circular was prepared by the Secretariat. Various ICAO publications referenced in the text werethe principal reference sources, with valuable input being provided by States and international organizationsdirectly or through the ICAO programme of regional workshops on Airport and Route Facility ManagementWARFM and ad hoc seminars.
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Table Of Contents
COVER PAGE
FOREWORD
TABLE OF CONTENTS
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
Chapter 5
Chapter 6
Chapter 7