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HIGHLIGHTS The world economy showed SS OWCDU ... Progressive li berulkation of air transport semices continued ... ICAO initiated a review of the economic regulation of air transport ... Airlim privatization trends continued ... ... as did foreign ownership ,... Airline trafic rebounded ... The world's Gross Domestic Product GDP grew by an estimated 1 per cent in real terns. On a regional basis the change in GDP ranged from an estimated increase of 8 per cent for the Middle East to a decrease of about 4 per cent for Europe, the Iatlter being adversely aflwted by the poor mnornic performance of the former centrally planned economies in Eastem Europe see Chapter 1. A growing number of countries were involved world-wide. The European Community EC adopted a "third package" of liberalization for application from 1 January 1993. Xn addition, member States of the EC and, with the exception of Switzerland, those of the European Free Trade Association EFTA reached agreement to extend EC air transport rules to the EFTA countries involved Chapter 2. As an outcome of a World-wide Air Transpod Colloquium in April, lCAO set up a study group of experts to cany out studies on new regulatory arrangements for inter- national air transport. The results of these studies will be evaluated by an Air Transport Conference ta be convened in overnberecember 1994 Chapter 2. By year-end partial or full privatization objectives were made known for some 30 government-owned air carriers, including 16 which had been targeted for privatization in the the previous years 'out had not yet achieved this aim Chaphr 2. Airlines also continued to expand transnational allianoes, includimg code sharing, joint services, and joint parbicipa- tion in frequent flyer programmes Chapter 2. Total scheduled air traffic recwered from the first ever annual decline recorded, to reach levds above 1990. Over- all passenger/freight/rnail tonne-kilometres performed . were up by 6 per cent and international tonne-kilometres by XI per cent Chapter 2.
... but not finances ... ... and aircraft orders were down ... Airport construction continued ... Satellite-based navigation systems got the green light ... Airspace capacity was enhanced ... Safety remained a top priority ... Security was also at the forefront . .. Preliminary estimates indicate that the world's scheduled airlines as a whole experienced an operating loss of 0.5 per cent of operating revenues for the third year in a row Chapter 2. The number of fixed wing aircraft ordered was 362 against 397 in 1991. The financial commitment for orders placed for turbo-jet aircraft in 1992 is estimated to be about U.S.21 billion, somewhat less than the U.S.29 billion estimated for 1991 Chapter 2. Two new international airports opened Yaoundk- Nsimaleu in Cameroon and Munich I1 in Germany, construction on a number of other new airports continued and major expansion projects were under way in all regions. A trend towards governments establishing autonomous authorities to operate airports and air navigation facility services also continued Chapter 3. The ICAO Assembly endorsed a blueprint for a global satellite-based Communications, Navigation and Surveil- 1ancelAir Traffic Management CNSIATM concept to replace existing line-of-sight systems Chapter 3. Air traffic control systems around the world were being updated as part of the evolution process to a global ATM system. The European Air Traffic Control Harmonization and Integration Programme EATCHIP was initiated to establish a single, unified ATC system for Europe Chapter 3. Preliminary information on aircraft accidents involving passenger fatalities in scheduled air services shows there were 29 fatal aircraft accidents involving 1 097 passenger fatalities in 1992 compared to 30 fatal accidents and 653 passenger fatalities in 1991. The number of passenger fatalities per 100 million passenger-kilometres increased from 0.04 in 1991 to 0.06 in 1992. The incidence of aircrafl accidents involving controlled flight into terrain CFIT became a particular concern Chapter 4. In 1992 there were nine acts of unlawful interference, a significant decrease compared to 1991 Chapter 4.