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HIGHLIGHTS The world economy continued to recover ... Progressive liberalization of air transport services continued ... ICAO convened Conference for 1994 on new regulatory arrangements ... Airline privatization slackened ... ... but foreign investment in airlines did not ... Airline traffic showed sustained growth ... The wor1d"s Gross Domestic Product IGDP grew by an estimated 1.7 per cent in real terms. On a regional basis the change in GDP ranged from an estimated increase of about 4 per cent for AsidPacific to a decrease of about 3 per cent for Europe, the latter being adversely affected in part by the poor economic performance of the farmer centrally planned economies in eastern Europe see Chapter 1. Initiatives were taken bath at the national level and at a regional level, such as by the European Communities and by States belonging to the Andean Pact. On a broader " scale, a General Agreement en Trade in Services GATS with an Annex on Air Transport Services was adopted at the end of the year, covering certain air transport elements but excluding trc rights and services directly related to the provision of air services Chapter 2. The Council of ICAO convened a world-wide Air Transport Conference to take place in 1994 to discuss substantive studies of potential new regulatory arrangements for international air transport Chapter 2. The privatization of several airlines was deferred bcause of general economic conditions, the state of the industry or local circumstances Chapter 2. Airlines continued to expand transnational alliances, including code sharing, joint services, and joint participation in frequent flyer programmes Chapter 2. Over-all scheduled passengerlfreightJmai1 tonne- kilometres performed were up by 4 per cent and inter- national tame-kilometres by 8 per cent. However, there were significant Merences between regions, ranging from a small decrease about 1 per cent in total traffic in Africa to increases of about 10 per cent in the Middle East and AsiaPacific Chapter 2.
... and finances finally turned the corner ... Preliminary estimates indicate that the world's scheduled airlines as a whole experienced a small operating profit of 1.1 per cent of operating revenues after three consecutive years of operating losses Chapter 2. ... but aikcraft orders were The number of turbo-jet aircraft ordered was 341 down ... compared to 362 in 1992. The financial commitment for orders placed for these aircraft in 1993 is estimated to be about U.S.17 000 million, somewhat less than the US. 21 000 million estimated for 1992 Chapter 2. Airport construction continued ... Planning to implement a satellite-based navigation system began ... ... meanwhile existing air navigation facilities and services were enhanced ... Safety remained a top priority ... Security continued to be a major issue ... Three new international airports opened Ciudad del Este in Paraguay, Liberia in Costa Rica and Bequia in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, construction on a nwnber of other new airports continued and major expansion projects were under way in all regions. A trend towards governments establishing autonomous authorities to operate airports and air navigation facility services also continued Chapter 3. Plans for the transition to a global satellite-based Communications, Navigation and SurveillancdAir Traffic Management CNSIATM system to replace existing line- of-sight ones were initiated by ICAO Chapter 3. Air traffic control systems around the world were being updated as part of the evolution process to a global ATM system. Meteorological services were also enhanced through the use of automated weather stations and computer generated weather forecasts Chapter 3. Preliminary information on aircraft accidents involving passenger fatalities in scheduled air services shows that there were 34 fatal aircraft accidents involving 936 passenger fatalities in 1993 compared to 29 fatal accidents and 1 097 passenger fatalities in 1992. The numhr of passenger fatalities per 100 million passenger- kilometres decreased from 0.06 in 1992 to 0.05 in 1993. During the year prominence was given to studies on Human Factors in the prevention of aircraft accidents Chapter 4. The number of acts of unlawful interference increased significantly. In 1993 there were twenty-nine such incidents compared with only nine in 1992 Chapter 4.