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HIGHLIGHTS DURING 1999 ... The world economy showed The world's Gross Domestic Product GDP grew by an recovery . .. estimated 3 per cent in real terms. On a regional basis the change in GDP ranged from an estimated increase of some 4.2 per cent for North America to about 0.2 per cent for Latin America and the Caribbean Chapter 1. . .. as did airline traffic .. . Overall scheduled passenger/freight/mail tonne- kilometres performed and international tonne- kilometres were both up by about 6 per cent. There were significant differences in the traffic growth between regions, ranging from increases in total traffic of over 8.8 per cent for carriers based in Africa to a decline of almost 0.3 per cent for those in Latin America and the Caribbean in terms of passenger-kilometres performed Chapters 2 and 6. but airline operating profits Preliminary estimates indicate that the world's softened .. . scheduled airlines as a whole experienced an operating profit - 4.1 per cent of operating revenues compared with 5.4 per cent in 1998 - for the seventh year in succession Chapter 2. . . . and aircraft orders declined. The number of turbo-jet aircraft ordered was 987 compared to 1 463 in 1998. The financial commitment for orders placed for these aircraft with the major aircraft manufacturers is estimated to be about U.S.5l billion Chapter 2. Liberalization was fostered A significant number of bilateral agreements and through bilateral agreements memoranda of understanding concluded between States and regional developments. contained liberalization measures. Regional organizations in Africa, the Caribbean, the Middle East and South-East Asia reaffirmed or agreed to expand gradual liberalization of intra-regional air services Chapter 2.
ii HIGHLIGHTS Privatization of airlines Privatization aims were achieved during the year for continued and airline alliances seven airlines, privatization objectives were made expanded. known for another two airlines and preparations for privatization continued for 26 carriers. Airlines continued to expand transnational alliances, with most agreements including code sharing as a collaborative element Chapter 2. More autonomy was given to The year witnessed accelerated activity at the infrastructure providers . . . government level towards establishing autonomous entities to operate airports or provide air navigation services, with growing emphasis being placed on active private participation in airport operations, management and finances Chapter 3. . . . and airport construction Europe, Asia and North America including Mexico led continued. the way in new airport projects completed, under construction or projected. Major airport expansion projects were underway in all regions Chapter 3. Implementation of CNS/ATM Implementation of satellite-based communications, systems components continued to navigation and surveillancelair traffic management yield early benefits. CNSIATM systems led to increasing utilization of airspace for international civil aviation. Air traffic service systems around the world continued to be upgraded as part of the evolution to a seamless global air traffic management system. Considerable progress was made in the computer preparation of global forecasts of significant weather by the two world area forecast centres in London and Washington D.C. Chapter 3. Safety remained a top priority .. . Preliminary information on aircraft accidents involving passenger fatalities in scheduled air services shows that there were 20 fatal aircraft accidents in 1999 involving 489 passenger fatalities compared to 22 fatal accidents and 905 passenger fatalities in 1998. The number of passenger fatalities per 100 million passenger- kilometres decreased to 0.02 from 0.035 in 1998. By year-end, 49 administrations in ICAO Contracting States had been assessed through the ICAO Universal Safety Oversight Audit Programme Chapter 4.