Language
RUEN
ES
FR
AR
CH
Login
RUEN
ES
FR
AR
CH
Circular 279
The World of Civil Aviation, 1999-2002
Buy access
INFO
Text
Editions
Modifications
Links To
Links From
In Catalogs
search
Published in separate English, Arabic, French, Russian and Spanish editions by the International Civil Aviation Organization. All correspondence, except orders and subscriptions, should be addressed to the Secretary General. Orders should be sent to one of the following addresses, together with the appropriate remittance by bank draft, cheque or money order in U.S. dollars or the currency of the country in which the order is placed. Credit card orders American Express, Mastercard and Visa are accepted at ICAO Headquarters. International Civil Aviation Organizarion. Attention Document Sales Unit 999 University Street, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3C 5H7 Telephone 5 14 954-8022 Telex 05-245 13 Facsimile 5 14 954-6769 Sitatex YULADYA E-mail sales-uniticao.int Egypt. ICAO Regional Director, Middle East Office, Egyptian Civil Aviation Complex, Cairo Airport Road, Heliopolis, Cairo 11776 Telephone 20 2 267-4840 Facsimile 20 2 267-4843 Sitatex CAICAYA France. Directeur rtgional de I'OACI, Bureau Europe et Atlantique Nord, 3 bis, villa mile-ergerat, 92522 Neuilly-sur-Seine Cedex TtlCphone 33 1 46 41 85 85 Ttlecopieur 33 1 46 41 85 00 Sitatex PAREUYA Indin. Oxford Book and Stationery Co., Scindia House, New Delhi 110001 or 17 Park Street, Calcutta 700016 Telephone 91 11 331-5896 Facsimile 9 1 11 332-2639 Japan. Japan Civil Aviation Promotion Foundation, 15-12, I-chome. Toranomon, Minato-Ku, Tokyo Telephone 81 3 3503-2686 Facsimile 8 1 3 3503-2689 Kenyo. ICAO Regional Director, Eastern and Southern African Office. United Nations Accommodation, P.O. Box 46294, Nairobi Telephone 254-2 622-395 Facsimile 254 2 226-706 Sitatex NBOCAYA Mexico. Director Regional de la OACI, Oficina Norteamtrica, Centroamerica y Caribe. Masaryk No. 29-3er. piso, Col. Chapultepec Morales, Mexico, D.F., 11570 Teltfono 52 5 250-321 1 Facsimile 52 5 203-2757 Sitatex MEXCAYA Peru. Director Regional de la OACI, Oficina Sudamerica, Apartado 4127, Lima 100 TelCfono 51 14 302260 Facsimile 51 14 640393 Sitatex LIMCAYA Russian Federation. Aviaizdat, 48, 1. Franko Street, Moscow 121351 Telephone 7 095 417-0405 Facsimile 7 095 417-0254 Senegal. Directeur regional de I'OACI, Bureau Afrique occidentale et centrale, Boite postale 2356, Dakar Ttltphone 221 8-23-54-52 Ttlecopieur 221 8-23-69-26 Sitatex DKRCAYA South Africa. Avex Air Training Pty Ltd., Private Bag X102, Halfway House, 1685, Republic of South Africa Telephone 27-1 1 315-000314 Facsimile 27-1 1 805-3649 E-mail avexiafrica.com Spain. A.E.N.A. - Aeropuertos EspaAoles y Navegaci6n Atrea, Calle Juan Ignacio Luca de Tena, 14. Planta Tercera, Despacho 3. 11, 28027 Madrid Teltfono 34 91 321-3148 Facsimile 34 91 321-3157 Correo electr6nico sscc.ventasoaciaena.es Thailand. ICAO Regional Director, Asia and Pacific Office, P.O. Box I I, Samyaek Ladprao, Bangkok 10901 Telephone 66 2 537-8 189 Facsimile 66 2 537-81 99 Sitatex BKKCAYA United Kingdom. Westward Documedia, 37 Windsor Street, Cheltenham, Glos., GL52 2DG Telephone 44 1242 235-15 1 Facsimile 44 1242 584-139 Cataloaue of ICAO Publications and tdio-visual Training Aids Issued annually, the Catalogue lists all publications and audio-visual training aids currently available. Monthly supplements announce new publications and audio-visual training aids, amendments, supplements, reprints, etc. Available free from the Document Sales Unit, ICAO
HIGHLIGHTS DURING 1999 ... The world economy showed The world's Gross Domestic Product GDP grew by an recovery . .. estimated 3 per cent in real terms. On a regional basis the change in GDP ranged from an estimated increase of some 4.2 per cent for North America to about 0.2 per cent for Latin America and the Caribbean Chapter 1. . .. as did airline traffic .. . Overall scheduled passenger/freight/mail tonne- kilometres performed and international tonne- kilometres were both up by about 6 per cent. There were significant differences in the traffic growth between regions, ranging from increases in total traffic of over 8.8 per cent for carriers based in Africa to a decline of almost 0.3 per cent for those in Latin America and the Caribbean in terms of passenger-kilometres performed Chapters 2 and 6. but airline operating profits Preliminary estimates indicate that the world's softened .. . scheduled airlines as a whole experienced an operating profit - 4.1 per cent of operating revenues compared with 5.4 per cent in 1998 - for the seventh year in succession Chapter 2. . . . and aircraft orders declined. The number of turbo-jet aircraft ordered was 987 compared to 1 463 in 1998. The financial commitment for orders placed for these aircraft with the major aircraft manufacturers is estimated to be about U.S.5l billion Chapter 2. Liberalization was fostered A significant number of bilateral agreements and through bilateral agreements memoranda of understanding concluded between States and regional developments. contained liberalization measures. Regional organizations in Africa, the Caribbean, the Middle East and South-East Asia reaffirmed or agreed to expand gradual liberalization of intra-regional air services Chapter 2.
ii HIGHLIGHTS Privatization of airlines Privatization aims were achieved during the year for continued and airline alliances seven airlines, privatization objectives were made expanded. known for another two airlines and preparations for privatization continued for 26 carriers. Airlines continued to expand transnational alliances, with most agreements including code sharing as a collaborative element Chapter 2. More autonomy was given to The year witnessed accelerated activity at the infrastructure providers . . . government level towards establishing autonomous entities to operate airports or provide air navigation services, with growing emphasis being placed on active private participation in airport operations, management and finances Chapter 3. . . . and airport construction Europe, Asia and North America including Mexico led continued. the way in new airport projects completed, under construction or projected. Major airport expansion projects were underway in all regions Chapter 3. Implementation of CNS/ATM Implementation of satellite-based communications, systems components continued to navigation and surveillancelair traffic management yield early benefits. CNSIATM systems led to increasing utilization of airspace for international civil aviation. Air traffic service systems around the world continued to be upgraded as part of the evolution to a seamless global air traffic management system. Considerable progress was made in the computer preparation of global forecasts of significant weather by the two world area forecast centres in London and Washington D.C. Chapter 3. Safety remained a top priority .. . Preliminary information on aircraft accidents involving passenger fatalities in scheduled air services shows that there were 20 fatal aircraft accidents in 1999 involving 489 passenger fatalities compared to 22 fatal accidents and 905 passenger fatalities in 1998. The number of passenger fatalities per 100 million passenger- kilometres decreased to 0.02 from 0.035 in 1998. By year-end, 49 administrations in ICAO Contracting States had been assessed through the ICAO Universal Safety Oversight Audit Programme Chapter 4.
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
EXAMPLETo access full book mail to icao@standart.aero or login
Table Of Contents
COVER PAGE
Foreword
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PART I
Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
PART II
Chapter 5
PART Ill
Chapter 6
Appendix 1
Appendix 2