Approved by the Secretary General and published under his authority INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION ORGANIZATION
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HIGHLIGHTS DURING 2000 ... The world economy strengthened . . . ... as did airline traffic ... ... but airline operating profits sofiened further .. . . . . although aircraft orders increased markedly. Liberalization was ongoing through bilateral agreements and regional developments ... The world's Gross Domestic Product GDP grew by an estimated 4.4 per cent in real terms. On a regional basis the change in GDP ranged from an estimated increase of some 6.4 per cent for the Middle East to about 3.5 per cent for Europe Chapters 1 and 5. Overall scheduled passenger/freight/mail tonne-kilometres performed was up by over 8 per cent. There were significant differences in the traffic growth between regions, ranging from 11 per cent for carriers based in the Middle East to 5.7 per cent for those in Latin America and the Caribbean in terms of passenger-kilometres performed Chapters 2 and 6. Preliminary estimates indicate that the world's scheduled airlines as a whole experienced an operating profit - 3.3 per cent of operating revenues compared with 4 per cent in 1999 - for the eighth year in succession Chapter 2. The number of turbo-jet aircraft ordered was 1 553 compared to 987 in 1999. The financial commitment for orders placed for these aircraft with the major aircraft manufacturers is estimated to be about U.S.80 billion Chapter 2. A significant number of bilateral agreements concluded or amended between States contained liberalization measures. Regional organizations in Africa, AsidPacific and Latin America considered or agreed to gradual liberalization of intra-regional air services Chapter 2.
... and a review of the Annex on Air Transport of the GATS commenced. Privatization of airlines continued and airline alliances expanded. More autonomy was given to infrastructure providers . . . . . . and airport construction continued. Implementation of CNS IATM systems components continued to yield early benefits. The Council for Trade in Services of the World Trade Organization started to review the operation of the Annex on Air Transport with a view to considering the possible further application of the General Agreement on Trade in Services GATS to the sector Chapter 2. Privatization aims were achieved during the year for six airlines, privatization objectives were made known for another four airlines and preparations for privatization continued for some 30 carriers. Airlines continued to expand transnational alliances, with most agreements including code sharing as a collaborative element Chapter 2. The year witnessed further activity at the government level towards establishing autonomous entities to operate airports or provide air navigation services, with growing emphasis being placed on active private participation in airport operations, management and finances. A new trend towards airport cooperating strategies or alliances was confirmed Chapter 3. Europe, Asia, North America and Africa led the way in new airport projects completed, under construction or projected. Major airport expansion projects were underway in all regions Chapter 3. Implementation of satellite-based communications, navigation and surveillancelair traffic management CNSIATM systems led to increasing utilization of airspace for international civil aviation. Air traffic service systems around the world continued to be upgraded as part of the evolution to a seamless global air traffic management system Chapter 3.