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Circular 287
The World of Civil Aviation, 2000
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Approved by the Secretary General and published under his authority INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION ORGANIZATION
Published in separate English, Arabic, French, Rldssian and Spanish editions bj the international Civil Aviation Organization. All correspondence, except orders and subscriptions, should be addressed to the Secretary General. Orders should be sent to one of the following addresses, together with the appropriate remittance by bank draft, cheque or money order in U.S. dollars or the currency of the country in which the order is placed. Credit card orders American Express, MasterCard and Visa are accepted at BCAO Headquarters. htemational Civil Aviation Organization. Attention Document Sales Unit 999 hlniversify Street, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3C 5H7 Telephone I 514 954-8022 Facsimile I 514 954-6769 Sitatex YULADYA E-mail sales-uniticao.int Egypt. ICAO Regional Director, Middle East Office, Egyptian Civil Aviation Complex, Cairo Airport Road, Heliopolis, Cairo 11776 Telephone 20 2 267-4840 Facsimile 920 2 267-4843 Sitatex CAICAYA Fmnce. Directeur rtgional de I'OACI, Bureau Europe et Atlantique Nord, 3 bis, villa mile-Bergerat, 92522 Neuilly-sur-Seine Cedex TClCphone 33 1 46 41 85 85 TClCcopieur 933 1 46 41 85 00 Sitatex PAREUYA fndia. Oxford Book and Stationery Co., Scindia House, New Delhi 110001 or 17 Park Street, Calcutta 700016 Telephone 91 1 1 331-5896 Facsimile 991 1 1 332-2639 Japan. Japan Civil Aviation Promotion Foundation, 15- 12, I-chome, Toranomon, Minato-Ku, Tokyo Telephone 81 3 3503-2686 Facsimile 81 3 3503-2689 Kenya. ICAO Regional Director, Eastern and Southern African Office, United Nations Accommodation, P.O. Box 46294, Nairobi Telephone 254 2 622-395 Facsimile 254 2 226-706 Sitatex NBOCAYA Mexico. Director Regional de la OACI, Oficina NorteamCrica, CentroamCrica y Caribe, Masaryk No. 29-3er. piso, Col. Chapultepec Morales, Mtxico, D.F., 11570 TelCfono 52 55 52 50 32 11 Facsimile 952 55 52 03 27 57 Sitatex MEXCAYA Nigeria. Landover Company, P.O. Box 3165, Ikeja, Lagos Telephone 234 1 4979780 Facsimile 9234 1 4979788 Sitatex LOSLORK Peru. Director Regional de la OACI, Oficina SudamCrica, Apartado 4127, Lima 100 Teltfono 5 1 1 302260 Facsimile 5 1 1 640393 Sitatex LIMCAYA Russian Federation. Aviaizdat, 48, 1. Franko Street, Moscow 121351 Telephone 97 095 417-0405 Facsimile 97 095 417-0254 Serzegal. Directeur regional de I'OACI, Bureau Afrique occidentale et centrale, Boite postale 2356, Dakar TtlCphone 9221 8-23-54-52 TClCcopieur 221 8-23-69-26 Sitatex DKRCAYA Slovakia. Air Traffic Services of the Slovak Republic, LetovC prevhdzkovt sluzby Slovenskej Republiky, State Enterprise, Letisko M.R. Stefhnika, 823 07 Bratislava 21, Slovak Republic Telephone 9421 7 4857 11 11 Facsimile 9421 7 4857 2105 South Africa. Avex Air Training Pty Ltd., Private Bag X102, Halfway House, 1685, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa Telephone 927 11 315-0003/4 Facsimile 927 1 1 805-3649 E-mail avexiafrica.com Spain. A.E.N.A. - Aeropuertos Espafioles y Navegaci6n ACrea, Calle Juan Ignacio Luca de Tena, 14, Planta Tercera, Despacho 3. 11, 28027 Madrid TelCfono 934 91 321-3148 Facsimile 934 91 321-3157 Correo electr6nico sscc.ventasoaciaena.es Thailarzd. ICAO Regional Director, Asia and Pacific Office, P.O. Box 11, Samyaek Ladprao, Bangkok 10901 Telephone 966 2 537-8189 Facsimile 966 2 537-8199 Sitatex BKKCAYA United Kingdom. Airplan Flight Equipment Etd. AFE, la Ringway Trading Estate, Shadowmoss Road, Manchester M22 5LH . Telephone 44 161 499 0023 Facsimile 44 161 499 0298 E-mail enquiriesafeonline.com World Wide Web http//www.afeonline.com Catalogue of ICAO Publications and Audio-visual Training Aids Issued annually, the Catalogue lists all publications and audio-visual training aids currently available. MonthOy suppiemenbs announce new publications and audio-visual training aids, amendments, supplements, repaints, etc. Available free from the Document Sales Unit, ICAO
HIGHLIGHTS DURING 2000 ... The world economy strengthened . . . ... as did airline traffic ... ... but airline operating profits sofiened further .. . . . . although aircraft orders increased markedly. Liberalization was ongoing through bilateral agreements and regional developments ... The world's Gross Domestic Product GDP grew by an estimated 4.4 per cent in real terms. On a regional basis the change in GDP ranged from an estimated increase of some 6.4 per cent for the Middle East to about 3.5 per cent for Europe Chapters 1 and 5. Overall scheduled passenger/freight/mail tonne-kilometres performed was up by over 8 per cent. There were significant differences in the traffic growth between regions, ranging from 11 per cent for carriers based in the Middle East to 5.7 per cent for those in Latin America and the Caribbean in terms of passenger-kilometres performed Chapters 2 and 6. Preliminary estimates indicate that the world's scheduled airlines as a whole experienced an operating profit - 3.3 per cent of operating revenues compared with 4 per cent in 1999 - for the eighth year in succession Chapter 2. The number of turbo-jet aircraft ordered was 1 553 compared to 987 in 1999. The financial commitment for orders placed for these aircraft with the major aircraft manufacturers is estimated to be about U.S.80 billion Chapter 2. A significant number of bilateral agreements concluded or amended between States contained liberalization measures. Regional organizations in Africa, AsidPacific and Latin America considered or agreed to gradual liberalization of intra-regional air services Chapter 2.
... and a review of the Annex on Air Transport of the GATS commenced. Privatization of airlines continued and airline alliances expanded. More autonomy was given to infrastructure providers . . . . . . and airport construction continued. Implementation of CNS IATM systems components continued to yield early benefits. The Council for Trade in Services of the World Trade Organization started to review the operation of the Annex on Air Transport with a view to considering the possible further application of the General Agreement on Trade in Services GATS to the sector Chapter 2. Privatization aims were achieved during the year for six airlines, privatization objectives were made known for another four airlines and preparations for privatization continued for some 30 carriers. Airlines continued to expand transnational alliances, with most agreements including code sharing as a collaborative element Chapter 2. The year witnessed further activity at the government level towards establishing autonomous entities to operate airports or provide air navigation services, with growing emphasis being placed on active private participation in airport operations, management and finances. A new trend towards airport cooperating strategies or alliances was confirmed Chapter 3. Europe, Asia, North America and Africa led the way in new airport projects completed, under construction or projected. Major airport expansion projects were underway in all regions Chapter 3. Implementation of satellite-based communications, navigation and surveillancelair traffic management CNSIATM systems led to increasing utilization of airspace for international civil aviation. Air traffic service systems around the world continued to be upgraded as part of the evolution to a seamless global air traffic management system Chapter 3.
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Table Of Contents
COVER PAGE
Foreword
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PART I
Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
PART II
Chapter 5
PART Ill
Chapter 6
APPENDICES
Appendix 1
Appendix 2