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Doc 9994. Edition 2
Last modified:2/9/2021
Manual on Airborne Surveillance Applications
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Approved by and published under the authority of the Secretary GeneralINTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION ORGANIZATIONDoc 9994Manual on Airborne Surveillance ApplicationsSecond Edition, 2020
Approved by and published under the authority of the Secretary GeneralINTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION ORGANIZATIONDoc 9994Manual on Airborne Surveillance ApplicationsSecond Edition, 2020
Published in separate English, Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian and Spanish editions by the INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION ORGANIZATION 999 Robert-Bourassa Boulevard, Montral, Quebec, Canada H3C 5H7 For ordering information and for a complete listing of sales agents and booksellers, please go to the ICAO website at www.icao.int Second Edition, 2020 Doc 9994, Manual on Airborne Surveillance Applications Order Number 9994-2 ISBN 978-92-9265-322-4 ICAO 2020 All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, without prior permission in writing from the International Civil Aviation Organization.
iii AMENDMENTS Amendments are announced in the supplements to the Products and Services Catalogue the Catalogue and its supplements are available on the ICAO website at www.icao.int. The space below is provided to keep a record of such amendments. RECORD OF AMENDMENTS AND CORRIGENDA AMENDMENTS CORRIGENDA No. Date Entered by No. Date Entered by 1 9/2/21 ICAO
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Table Of Contents
COVER PAGE
AMENDMENTS
TABLE OF CONTENTS
FOREWORD
CHAPTER 1. AUTOMATIC DEPENDENT SURVEILLANCE - BROADCAST (ADS-B)
1.1. OVERVIEW
1.2. INTERACTIONS OF ADS-B AND AIRBORNE COLLISION AVOIDANCE SYSTEM (ACAS)
1.3. THE LIMITATIONS OF ADS-B
CHAPTER 2. INITIAL AIRBORNE SURVEILLANCE CAPABILITIES AND IN-TRAIL PROCEDURE (ITP)
2.1. DESCRIPTION OF THE INITIAL AIRBORNE SURVEILLANCE CAPABILITIES
2.2. IN-TRAIL PROCEDURE (ITP)
2.3. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION FOR ATC
2.4. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION FOR PILOTS
2.5. CONSIDERATIONS FOR PARTIAL EQUIPAGE ENVIRONMENT
2.6. STAKEHOLDERS CONSIDERATIONS
2.7. FLIGHT PLANNING
2.8. VALIDATION OF CAPABILITIES/APPLICATIONS
2.9. ARCHITECTURE
CHAPTER 3. SPECIFIC IMPLEMENTATIONS
3.1. COCKPIT DISPLAY OF TRAFFIC INFORMATION (CDTI) ASSISTED VISUAL SEPARATION (CAVS)
3.2. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION FOR ATC
3.3. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION FOR PILOTS
3.4. CONSIDERATIONS FOR PARTIAL EQUIPAGE ENVIRONMENT
3.5. STAKEHOLDERS CONSIDERATIONS
3.6. VALIDATION OF CAPABILITIES/APPLICATIONS
CHAPTER 4. INTERVAL MANAGEMENT
4.1. DESCRIPTION OF INTERVAL MANAGEMENT (IM)
4.2. OPERATIONAL ENVIRONMENTS FOR IM
4.3. BENEFITS FOR IM
4.4. AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL (ATC) ROLE
4.5. PILOT ROLE
4.6. CONSIDERATIONS FOR PARTIAL EQUIPAGE ENVIRONMENT
4.7. STAKEHOLDER CONSIDERATIONS
4.8. FLIGHT PLANNING
4.9. ARCHITECTURE
4.10. VALIDATION
CHAPTER 5. ADVANCED APPLICATIONS
5.1. DESCRIPTION OF ADVANCED AIRBORNE SURVEILLANCE APPLICATIONS (ASA)