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Doc 8168. Vol 2. Edition 7
Last modified:3/21/2022
Procedures for Air Navigation Services. Aircraft Operations. Volume II. Construction of Visual and Instrument Flight Procedures
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This edition incorporates all amendments approved by the Council prior to 19 May 2020and supersedes on 5 November 2020, all previous editions of Doc 8168, Volume II.INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION ORGANIZATIONDoc 8168Seventh Edition, 2020Aircraft OperationsPROCEDURES FOR AIR NAVIGATION SERVICESVolume II Construction of Visual and Instrument Flight Procedures
Published in separate English, French, Russian and Spanish editions by the INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION ORGANIZATION 999 Robert-Bourassa Boulevard, Montral, Quebec, Canada H3C 5H7 For ordering information and for a complete listing of sales agents and booksellers, please go to the ICAO website at www.icao.int First edition 1961 Fifth edition 2006 Sixth edition 2014 Seventh edition 2020 Doc 8168, Procedures for Air Navigation Services Aircraft Operations Volume II, Construction of Visual and Instrument Flight Procedures Order Number 8168-2 ISBN 978-92-9265-171-8 print version ISBN 978-92-9265-714-7 electronic version ICAO 2020 All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, without prior permission in writing from the International Civil Aviation Organization.
iii AMENDMENTS Amendments are announced in the supplements to the Products and Services Catalogue the Catalogue and its supplements are available on the ICAO website at www.icao.int. The space below is provided to keep a record of such amendments. RECORD OF AMENDMENTS AND CORRIGENDA AMENDMENTS CORRIGENDA No. Date Entered by No. Date Entered by Amendments 1 to 9 incorporated in this edition 1 20/11/20 ICAO 2 21/3/22 ICAO
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Table Of Contents
COVER PAGE
AMENDMENTS
TABLE OF CONTENTS
FOREWORD
Part I. GENERAL
Section 1. DEFINITIONS, ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS AND UNITS OF MEASUREMENT
Chapter 1. DEFINITIONS
Chapter 2. ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS
Chapter 3. UNITS OF MEASUREMENT
Chapter 4. FRAME OF REFERENCE
Section 2. GENERAL PRINCIPLES
1.1 INTRODUCTION
Chapter 1. GENERAL
1.4 EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS
1.2 AREAS
1.3 OBSTACLE CLEARANCE
1.5 BEARINGS, TRACKS AND RADIALS
1.7 INCREASED ALTITUDES/HEIGHTS FOR MOUNTAINOUS AREAS
1.8 USE OF PROCEDURE ALTITUDE/HEIGHT
1.6 NAVIGATION SYSTEM USE ACCURACY
1.9 AREA MINIMUM ALTITUDE (AMA)
1.10 CHARTING ACCURACY
1.11 PRESENTATION OF SIGNIFICANT OBSTACLES AND SPOT ELEVATIONS ON CHARTS
1.12 AIRCRAFT CHARACTERISTICS DATABASE
1.13 PROMULGATION
Appendix to Chapter 1. CONVERSION TABLE FOR IAS TO TAS CALCULATIONS
2.1 GENERAL
2.3 FIX TOLERANCE AND FIX TOLERANCE AREA FOR INTERSECTING FIXES
2.2 TERMINAL AREA FIXES
Chapter 2. TERMINAL AREA FIXES
2.4 FIX TOLERANCE FOR OTHER TYPES OF NAVIGATION INSTRUMENTS
2.5 FIX TOLERANCE OVERHEADING A STATION
2.6 OPERATIONAL APPLICATION OF FIXES FOR FLIGHT PROCEDURE PLANNING
2.7 USE OF FIXES FOR DESCENT AND RELATED OBSTACLE CLEARANCE
2.8 PROTECTION AREA FOR VOR AND NDB
Chapter 3. TURN AREA CONSTRUCTION
3.1 GENERAL
3.2 TURN INNER BOUNDARY CONSTRUCTION
3.3 TURN OUTER BOUNDARY CONSTRUCTION
4.3 PROCEDURE DESIGN INFORMATION ACQUISITION
Chapter 4. QUALITY ASSURANCE
4.1 GENERAL
4.2 THE INSTRUMENT FLIGHT PROCEDURE PROCESS
4.4 PROCEDURE DESIGN
4.5 PROCEDURE DESIGN DOCUMENTATION
4.6 GROUND AND FLIGHT VALIDATION
4.7 PROCEDURE DESIGNER QUALIFICATIONS AND TRAINING
4.9 SAFETY RISK ASSESSMENT OF FLIGHT PROCEDURE DESIGNS
4.8 PROCEDURE DESIGN AUTOMATION
Section 3. DEPARTURE PROCEDURES
Chapter 1. INTRODUCTION TO DEPARTURE PROCEDURES
1.3 STANDARDIZATION
1.2 CONSULTATION
1.5 ROUTES
1.4 ECONOMY
1.1 GENERAL
1.6 RELATED MATERIAL
1.7 ABNORMAL AND EMERGENCY OPERATIONS
Chapter 2. GENERAL CONCEPTS FOR DEPARTURE PROCEDURES
2.2 DESIGN PRINCIPLES
2.1 ESTABLISHMENT OF A DEPARTURE PROCEDURE
2.4 END OF THE DEPARTURE PROCEDURE
2.5 MINIMUM OBSTACLE CLEARANCE (MOC)
2.3 BEGINNING OF THE DEPARTURE PROCEDURE
2.8 AVERAGE FLIGHT PATH
2.6 OBSTACLE IDENTIFICATION SURFACE (OIS)
2.7 PROCEDURE DESIGN GRADIENT (PDG)
2.9 CHARTING ACCURACY
2.10 ADDITIONAL SPECIFIC HEIGHT/DISTANCE INFORMATION
3.1 GENERAL
3.2 STRAIGHT DEPARTURES
Chapter 3. DEPARTURE ROUTES
3.3 TURNING DEPARTURES
Appendix to Chapter 3. GUIDANCE ON ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES
Chapter 4. OMNIDIRECTIONAL DEPARTURES
4.2 AREAS
4.1 GENERAL
4.3 OBSTACLE IDENTIFICATION
4.4 OBSTACLE CLEARANCE
Chapter 5. PUBLISHED INFORMATION FOR DEPARTURE PROCEDURES
5.1 GENERAL
5.2 OMNIDIRECTIONAL DEPARTURES
5.4 OTHER REQUIREMENTS
5.3 CHARTED ALTITUDES/FLIGHT LEVELS
6.2 SEGREGATED OPERATIONS ON PARALLEL RUNWAYS
6.1 INSTRUMENT DEPARTURES FROM PARALLEL RUNWAYS
Chapter 6. SIMULTANEOUS OPERATIONS ON PARALLEL OR NEAR-PARALLEL INSTRUMENT RUNWAYS
Section 4. ARRIVAL AND APPROACH PROCEDURES
1.3 FIX NAMES
1.1 SCOPE
Chapter 1. GENERAL CRITERIA FOR APPROACH/ARRIVAL PROCEDURES
1.2 PROCEDURE CONSTRUCTION
1.4 SEGMENT APPLICATION
1.5 PROCEDURE ALTITUDE/HEIGHT
1.6 TRACK GUIDANCE
1.7 DESCENT GRADIENTS
1.8 CATEGORIES OF AIRCRAFT
Chapter 2. ARRIVAL SEGMENT
2.1 STANDARD INSTRUMENT ARRIVALS
2.2 OMNIDIRECTIONAL OR SECTOR ARRIVALS
Chapter 3. INITIAL APPROACH SEGMENT
3.1 GENERAL
3.2 ALTITUDE SELECTION
3.3 INITIAL APPROACH SEGMENTS (OTHER THAN RADAR VECTORS) UTILIZING STRAIGHT TRACKS AND DME ARCS
3.4 INITIAL APPROACH SEGMENT USING A RACETRACK PROCEDURE
3.5 INITIAL APPROACH SEGMENT USING A REVERSAL PROCEDURE
3.6 RACETRACK AND REVERSAL PROCEDURE AREAS
3.8 OBSTACLE CLEARANCE
3.7 MAXIMUM DESCENT/NOMINAL OUTBOUND TIMING RELATIONSHIP FOR A REVERSAL OR RACETRACK PROCEDURE
Appendix A to Chapter 3. INITIAL APPROACH USING DEAD RECKONING (DR)
Appendix B to Chapter 3. REDUCTION OF THE WIDTH OF A STRAIGHT INITIAL APPROACH AREA AFTER THE IAF AND INTERFACE BETWEEN STRAIGHT INITIAL APPROACH AREA AND REVERSAL PROCEDURE AREAS
Appendix C to Chapter 3. CONSTRUCTION OF OBSTACLE CLEARANCE AREAS FOR REVERSAL AND HOLDING PROCEDURES
Chapter 4. INTERMEDIATE APPROACH SEGMENT
4.2 ALTITUDE/HEIGHT SELECTION
4.3 INTERMEDIATE APPROACH SEGMENT BASED ON A STRAIGHT TRACK ALIGNMENT
4.1 GENERAL
4.4 INTERMEDIATE SEGMENT WITHIN A REVERSAL OR RACETRACK PROCEDURE
Chapter 5. FINAL APPROACH SEGMENT
5.2 ALIGNMENT
5.1 GENERAL
5.3 DESCENT GRADIENT
5.4 OBSTACLE CLEARANCE ALTITUDE/HEIGHT (OCA/H)
5.5 PROMULGATION
Appendix A to Chapter 5. CALCULATIONS FOR OCA/H IN NON-ALIGNED STRAIGHT-IN APPROACHES
Chapter 6. MISSED APPROACH SEGMENT
6.1 GENERAL
6.2 CLIMB GRADIENT AND MOC
6.3 STRAIGHT MISSED APPROACH
6.4 TURNING MISSED APPROACH
6.5 PROMULGATION
Appendix to Chapter 6. REFINED METHOD FOR CALCULATING MAPt AND TRANSITIONAL TOLERANCES FOR A MISSED APPROACH POINT DEFINED BY A DISTANCE FROM THE FAF
7.2 ALIGNMENT AND AREA
Chapter 7. VISUAL MANOEUVRING (CIRCLING) AREA
7.1 GENERAL
7.3 OBSTACLE CLEARANCE
7.4 METHOD FOR REDUCING OCA/H
7.6 PROMULGATION
7.5 MISSED APPROACH ASSOCIATED WITH THE VISUAL MANOEUVRE
Appendix to Chapter 7. VISUAL MANOEUVRING USING PRESCRIBED TRACK
8.1 GENERAL
8.2 OBSTACLES IN BUFFER AREA
8.3 SECTOR ORIENTATION
Chapter 8. MINIMUM SECTOR ALTITUDES (MSA)
8.5 SECTORS CENTRED ON A VOR/DME OR NDB/DME
8.4 COMBINING SECTORS FOR ADJACENT FACILITIES
Chapter 9. CHARTING/AIP
9.2 CHARTED ALTITUDES/FLIGHT LEVELS
9.3 ARRIVAL
9.4 APPROACH
9.1 GENERAL
9.5 PROCEDURE NAMING FOR ARRIVAL AND APPROACH CHARTS
10.1 GENERAL
10.2 OBSTACLE CLEARANCE
10.3 ESTABLISHED ON RNP AR APCH
Chapter 10. SIMULTANEOUS APPROACHES TO PARALLEL OR NEAR-PARALLEL INSTRUMENT RUNWAYS
10.4 PROMULGATION
Appendix to Chapter 10. INDEPENDENT PARALLEL APPROACHES TOCLOSELY SPACED PARALLEL RUNWAYS
Part II. CONVENTIONAL PROCEDURES
Section 1. PRECISION APPROACHES
1.1 INTRODUCTION
Chapter 1. INSTRUMENT LANDING SYSTEM (ILS)
1.2 INITIAL APPROACH SEGMENT
1.3 INTERMEDIATE APPROACH SEGMENT
1.4 PRECISION SEGMENT
1.5 MISSED APPROACH SEGMENT
1.6 SIMULTANEOUS PRECISION APPROACHES TO PARALLEL OR NEAR-PARALLEL INSTRUMENT RUNWAYS
1.7 PROMULGATION
Appendix C to Chapter 1. DETERMINING ILS GLIDE PATH DESCENT/MLS ELEVATION HEIGHTS AND DISTANCES
Appendix D to Chapter 1. INDEPENDENT PARALLEL APPROACHES TO CLOSELY SPACED PARALLEL RUNWAYS (Applicable until 3 November 2021)
CALCULATION OF OBSTACLE ASSESSMENT SURFACE HEIGHT (Applicable until 3 November 2021; as of 4 November 2021, this Appendix to be deleted in toto)
2.1 USE OF ILS CAT I WITH OFFSET LOCALIZER ALIGNMENT
2.2 OBSTACLE CLEARANCE CRITERIA
Chapter 2. OFFSET ILS
3.1 INTRODUCTION
Chapter 3. MLS
3.3 INTERMEDIATE APPROACH SEGMENT
3.2 INITIAL APPROACH SEGMENT
3.4 PRECISION SEGMENT
3.5 MISSED APPROACH SEGMENT
3.6 SIMULTANEOUS PRECISION APPROACHES TO PARALLEL OR NEAR-PARALLEL INSTRUMENT RUNWAYS
3.7 PROMULGATION
4.1 USE OF MLS CAT I WITH OFFSET AZIMUTH ALIGNMENT
Chapter 4. OFFSET MLS
4.2 OBSTACLE CLEARANCE CRITERIA
5.1 ARRIVAL PHASE OPERATIONS
5.2 INTERMEDIATE APPROACH
Chapter 5. PAR
5.3 FINAL APPROACH
5.5 ARRIVAL AND INITIAL APPROACH AREAS AND OBSTACLE CLEARANCES
5.4 MISSED APPROACH
5.6 INTERMEDIATE AND FINAL APPROACH AREA AND OBSTACLE CLEARANCES
5.7 MISSED APPROACH AREA AND OBSTACLE CLEARANCE
Section 2. NON-PRECISION APPROACHES
1.2 INTERMEDIATE APPROACH
1.3 FINAL APPROACH AND MISSED APPROACH SEGMENT
1.1 GENERAL
Chapter 1. LOC ONLY
1.4 PROMULGATION
2.1 GENERAL
2.2 INTERMEDIATE APPROACH
2.3 FINAL APPROACH AND MISSED APPROACH SEGMENT
Chapter 2. MLS AZIMUTH ONLY
2.4 PROMULGATION
Chapter 3. VOR OR NDB WITH NO FAF
3.2 INITIAL APPROACH SEGMENT
3.1 GENERAL
3.3 INTERMEDIATE SEGMENT
3.4 FINAL APPROACH SEGMENT
3.6 USE OF STEPDOWN FIX
3.7 MISSED APPROACH POINT (MAPt)
3.5 DESCENT GRADIENT
4.3 INTERMEDIATE APPROACH SEGMENT
4.4 FINAL APPROACH SEGMENT
4.2 INITIAL APPROACH SEGMENT
4.1 GENERAL
Chapter 4. VOR or NDB with FAF
4.5 MISSED APPROACH POINT (MAPt)
4.6 PROMULGATION
5.2 DESCENT GRADIENT
5.3 INITIAL APPROACH SEGMENT
Chapter 5. DF
5.1 GENERAL
5.5 FINAL APPROACH SEGMENT
5.4 INTERMEDIATE SEGMENT
5.6 MISSED APPROACH SEGMENT
6.2 INITIAL APPROACH SEGMENT
6.1 GENERAL
Chapter 6. SRE
6.3 INTERMEDIATE APPROACH SEGMENT
6.4 FINAL APPROACH SEGMENT
6.5 MISSED APPROACH SEGMENT
Section 3. EN-ROUTE CRITERIA
1.1 GENERAL
Chapter 1. VOR AND NDB ROUTES
1.2 OBSTACLE CLEARANCE AREAS
1.3 OBSTACLE CLEARANCE
1.4 CONSTRUCTION OF AREAS FOR VOR AND NDB ROUTES
1.6 PROMULGATION
1.5 MINIMUM EN-ROUTE ALTITUDE (MEA)
Appendix A to Chapter 1. VOR AND NDB ROUTES — REFINED METHOD FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF OBSTACLE CLEARANCE AREAS
Appendix B to Chapter 1. STATISTICAL CALCULATIONS FOR PRIMARY AND SECONDARY AREAS AND THEIR ANGLES OF SPLAY
Section 4. HOLDING CRITERIA
1.2 ENTRY AND HOLDING PROCEDURES
1.1 SHAPE AND TERMINOLOGY ASSOCIATED WITH HOLDING PATTERN
Chapter 1. HOLDING CRITERIA
1.3 CONSTRUCTION OF HOLDING AREAS
1.4 SPECIAL CONDITIONS FOR PLANNING VOR/DME HOLDING PROCEDURES AND CONSTRUCTION OF ASSOCIATED AREAS
1.5 PROMULGATION
Appendix A to Chapter 1. PARAMETERS FOR HOLDING AREA CONSTRUCTION
Appendix B to Chapter 1. DETERMINATION OF ADDITIONAL OBSTACLE CLEARANCE REQUIREMENTS FOR MINIMUM HOLDING LEVELS IN AREAS OF HIGH TERRAIN OR IN MOUNTAINOUS AREAS
Part III. PERFORMANCE-BASED NAVIGATION PROCEDURES
Section 1. UNDERLYING PRINCIPLES
1.1 GENERAL
Chapter 1. RNAV CONCEPTS
1.4 BUFFER VALUES
1.2 FLIGHT TECHNICAL ERROR
1.3 MAGNETIC BEARING ON A PBN (RNAV OR RNP) ROUTE SEGMENT
1.5 OBSTACLE CLEARANCE AREA
1.6 FIXES
Chapter 2. GNSS RNAV
2.1 GENERAL
2.2 XTT, ATT AND AREA SEMI-WIDTH
Chapter 3. DME/DME RNAV
3.1 GENERAL
3.2 AIRBORNE AND GROUND EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS FOR DME/DME PROCEDURES
3.3 DME/DME RNAV SYSTEM USE ACCURACY
3.6 XTT, ATT AND AREA SEMI-WIDTH
3.4 FLIGHT TECHNICAL TOLERANCE
3.5 SYSTEM COMPUTATIONAL TOLERANCE
3.7 NAVIGATION AID COVERAGE
3.8 VALIDATION
4.2 AIRBORNE AND GROUND EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS FOR VOR/DME PROCEDURES
4.3 VOR/DME RNAV SYSTEM USE ACCURACY
Chapter 4. VOR/DME RNAV
4.1 GENERAL
4.6 XTT, ATT AND AREA SEMI-WIDTH
4.5 SYSTEM COMPUTATION TOLERANCE
4.4 FLIGHT TECHNICAL TOLERANCE
Section 2. GENERAL CRITERIA
1.2 DETERMINATION OF THE MINIMUM LENGTH OF THE RNAV SEGMENT
1.1 GENERAL
Chapter 1. MINIMUM LENGTH OF A SEGMENT LIMITED BY TWO WAYPOINTS
1.4 MINIMUM STABILIZATION DISTANCE
1.5 DETERMINATION OF THE MINIMUM LENGTH OF AN RNAV SEGMENT LIMITED BY AT LEAST ONE WAYPOINT THAT IS NOT A TURNING WAYPOINT
Chapter 2. TURN PROTECTION AND OBSTACLE ASSESSMENT
2.1 GENERAL
2.2 CIRCULAR ARC METHOD
2.3 WIND SPIRAL/BOUNDING CIRCLES METHOD
2.4 RF TURN METHOD
2.5 OBSTACLE ASSESSMENT
3.2 INITIAL APPROACH SEGMENT
Chapter 3. RNAV T- OR Y-BAR PROCEDURE CONSTRUCTION
3.1 GENERAL CONCEPT
3.3 INTERMEDIATE APPROACH SEGMENT
3.5 MISSED APPROACH SEGMENT
3.4 FINAL APPROACH SEGMENT
4.2 CONSTRUCTION
4.3 BUFFER AREA
Chapter 4. TERMINAL ARRIVAL ALTITUDE (TAA)
4.1 GENERAL
4.4 TAA STEPDOWN ARCS AND SUBSECTORS
4.5 PROMULGATION
5.1 GENERAL
5.2 PATH TERMINATOR TYPES
Chapter 5. NAVIGATION DATABASE CODING
5.3 PROCEDURE DESIGN APPLICATION
Appendix to Chapter 5. PATH TERMINATOR CODING RULES
6.3 REQUIRED NON-FAS DATA BLOCK FIELDS
Chapter 6. APPLICATION OF FAS DATA BLOCK FOR SBAS AND GBAS
6.1 GENERAL
6.2 CONSTRUCTION
6.4 QUALITY REQUIREMENTS
Appendix A to Chapter 6. INFORMATION TO BE PROVIDED BY THE PROCEDURE DESIGNER CONCERNING THE SBAS FAS DATA BLOCK
Appendix B to Chapter 6. INFORMATION TO BE PROVIDED BY THE PROCEDURE DESIGNER CONCERNING THE GBAS FAS DATA BLOCK
SECTION 3. PROCEDURE CONSTRUCTION
Chapter 1. DEPARTURE PROCEDURES
1.1 GENERAL
1.2 STRAIGHT DEPARTURES
1.3 AREA WIDTH AT THE BEGINNING OF THE DEPARTURE
1.4 TURNING DEPARTURES
Chapter 2. ARRIVAL AND APPROACH PROCEDURES
2.1 GENERAL
2.3 INITIAL APPROACH SEGMENT
2.2 ARRIVAL ROUTES
2.4 INTERMEDIATE APPROACH SEGMENT
2.5 TURNING MISSED APPROACH
2.6 END OF THE MISSED APPROACH SEGMENT
3.2 FINAL APPROACH SEGMENT
Chapter 3. NON-PRECISION APPROACH PROCEDURES
3.1 GENERAL
3.3 INITIAL AND INTERMEDIATE MISSED APPROACH SEGMENT
Chapter 4. APV/BAROMETRIC VERTICAL NAVIGATION (BARO-VNAV)
4.2 STANDARD CONDITIONS
4.1 GENERAL
4.3 APV SEGMENT
4.4 DETERMINATION OF OCH FOR THE APV SEGMENT
4.5 HEIGHT LOSS MARGINS
4.7 PROMULGATION
4.6 BARO-VNAV APPROACH WITH OFFSET FINAL APPROACH TRACK ALIGNMENT
Appendix A to Chapter 4. TEMPERATURE CORRECTION
Appendix B to Chapter 4. ALGORITHM FOR CALCULATING THE HEIGHT OF SURFACE DEFINED BY FOUR POINTS IN SPACE
Chapter 5. SBAS NON-PRECISION APPROACH, APV I AND PRECISION APPROACH CATEGORY I CRITERIA
5.1 INTRODUCTION
5.3 INTERMEDIATE APPROACH SEGMENT
5.2 INITIAL APPROACH SEGMENT
5.4 APV I OR CAT I SEGMENT
5.5 MISSED APPROACH SEGMENT
5.6 SIMULTANEOUS APPROACHES TO PARALLEL OR NEAR-PARALLEL INSTRUMENT RUNWAYS(Applicable until 3 November 2021; as of 4 November 2021, this section 5.6 will be deleted in toto)
5.7 SBAS APPROACH WITH OFFSET FINAL APPROACH TRACK ALIGNMENT
5.8 SBAS NPA
5.9 PROMULGATION
Appendix to Chapter 5. STEEP GLIDE PATH ANGLE APPROACHES UP TO 6.3 DEGREES (11 per cent)
Chapter 6. PRECISION APPROACH PROCEDURES — GLS
6.1 INTRODUCTION
6.2 INITIAL APPROACH SEGMENT
6.3 INTERMEDIATE APPROACH SEGMENT
6.4 PRECISION SEGMENT
6.5 MISSED APPROACH AFTER THE PRECISION SEGMENT (FINAL MISSED APPROACH)
6.7 GLS CAT I WITH OFFSET AZIMUTH FINAL APPROACH TRACK ALIGNMENT
6.6 SIMULTANEOUS ILS AND/OR MLS PRECISION APPROACHES TO PARALLEL OR NEAR-PARALLELINSTRUMENT RUNWAYS(Applicable until 3 November 2021; as of 4 November 2021, this section 6.6 will be deleted in toto)
6.8 PROMULGATION
Chapter 7. HOLDING PROCEDURES
7.1 GENERAL
7.2 TYPES OF RNAV HOLDING PROCEDURES
7.3 ENTRY PROCEDURES
7.4 FIX TOLERANCE
7.6 PROMULGATION OF RNAV HOLDING PROCEDURES
7.5 HOLDING AREA CONSTRUCTION
Appendix A Chapter 7. CONSTRUCTION OF OBSTACLE CLEARANCE AREA FOR VOR/DME, DME/DME AND GNSS RNAV HOLDING
Appendix B Chapter 7. EXAMPLE OF ALTERNATIVE AREA NAVIGATION (RNAV) HOLDING ENTRIES FOR REDUCED HOLDING ENTRY AREAS
8.1 GENERAL
Chapter 8. EN-ROUTE PROCEDURES
Section 4. QUALITY ASSURANCE (To be developed)
Section 5. PUBLICATION
1.2 NOTIFICATION OF DIFFERENCES IN AIP
1.3 DEPARTURES AND ARRIVALS
1.1 INTRODUCTION
Chapter 1. PUBLICATION AND CHARTING — GENERAL
1.4 APPROACH
1.5 FORMAL TEXTUAL OR TABULAR DESCRIPTION OF THE PROCEDURE
1.6 WAYPOINT NAMING
1.7 ARC CENTRE AND SIGNIFICANT POINT COORDINATES
Chapter 2. AERONAUTICAL DATABASE PUBLICATION REQUIREMENTS
Attachment to Part III. DERIVATION OF THE SBAS OBSTACLE ASSESSMENT SURFACES (OAS)
Part IV. HELICOPTERS
1.3 HELICOPTER POINT-IN-SPACE (PINS) DEPARTURES FROM HELIPORTS OR LANDING LOCATIONS
Chapter 1. PBN DEPARTURE PROCEDURES FOR HELICOPTERS USING GNSS OR SBAS RECEIVERS
1.1 GENERAL
1.2 HELICOPTER DEPARTURES FROM INSTRUMENT HELIPORTS OR RUNWAYS (To be developed)
1.4 PROMULGATION
Chapter 2. POINT-IN-SPACE (PinS) RNP APCH APPROACH PROCEDURES FOR HELICOPTERS DOWN TO LNAV MINIMA
2.3 ARRIVAL ROUTES
2.4 TERMINAL CRITERIA
2.2 GNSS RNAV SYSTEM ACCURACY
2.1 GENERAL
2.5 INITIAL APPROACH SEGMENT
2.6 INTERMEDIATE APPROACH SEGMENT
2.7 FINAL APPROACH SEGMENT
2.8 MISSED APPROACH SEGMENT
2.9 PinS APPROACH PROCEDURES WITH A “PROCEED VISUALLY” INSTRUCTION
2.10 VISUAL SEGMENT FOR PinS APPROACH PROCEDURE WITH A “PROCEED VFR” INSTRUCTION
2.11 PinS APPROACH PROCEDURE WITH A “PROCEED VFR” INSTRUCTION HEIGHT ABOVE SURFACE (HAS) DIAGRAM
2.12 PROMULGATION
3.1 GENERAL
3.2 FINAL APPROACH SEGMENT (FAS)
Chapter 3. POINT-IN-SPACE (PinS) RNP APCH APPROACH PROCEDURES FOR HELICOPTERS DOWN TO LPV MINIMA
3.4 SUPPORTING PinS RNP APCH WITH LNAV MINIMA
Appendix to Chapter 3. ENCODING OF THE SBAS HELICOPTER PinS FAS DATA BLOCK AND DISPLAY SCALING