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Circular 273
The World of Civil Aviation, 1997-2000
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Published in separate English, Arabic, French, Russian and Spanish editions by the International Civil Aviation Organization. All correspondence, except orders and subscriptions, should be addressed to the Secretary General. Orders should be sent to one of the following addresses, together with the appropriate remittance by bank draft, cheque or money order in U.S. dollars or the currency of the country in which the order is placed. Credit card orders American Express, Mastercard and Visa are accepted at,ICAO Headquarters. International Civil Aviation Organization. Attention Document Sales Unit 999 University Street, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3C 5H7 Telephone 514 954-8022 Telex 05-24513 Facsimile 5 14954-6769 Sitatex YULADYA E-mail sales-uniticao.int Egypt. ICAO Regional Director, Middle East Office, Egyptian Civil Aviation Complex, Cairo Airport Road, Heliopolis, Cairo 1 1776 Telephone 20 2 267-4840 Facsimile 20 2 267-4843 Sitatex CAICAYA France. Directeur rCgional de I'OACI, Bureau Europe et Atlantlque Nord, 3 bis, villa mile-ererat, 92522 Neuilly-sur-Seine Cedex Ttltphone 33 1 46 41 85 85 TCICcopieur 33 1 46 41 85 DO Sitatex PAREUYA India. Oxford Book and Stationery Co., Scindia House, New Delhi 110001 or 17 Park Street, Calcutta 700016 Telephone 9 1 11 331-5896 Facsimile 91 1 1 332-2639 Japan. Japan Civil Aviation Promotion Foundation, 15-12, I-chome, Toranomon, Minato-Ku, Tokyo Telephone 81 3 3503-2686 Facsimile 81 3 3503-2689 Kenya. ICAO Regional Director, Eastern and Southern African Office, United Nations Accommodation, P.O. Box 46294, Nairobi Telephone 254-2 622-395 Facsimile 254 2 226-706 Sitalex NBOCAYA Mexico. Director Regional de la OACI, Oficina NorteamCrica, CentroamCrica y Caribe, Masaryk No. 29-3er. piso, Col. Chapultepec Morales, MCxico, D.F., 11570 TelCfono 52 5 250-321 1 Facsimile 52 5 203-2757 sit ate MEXCAYA Peru. Director Regional de la OACI, Oficina Sudamtrica, Apartado 4127, Lima 100 TelCfono 51 14 302260 Facsimile 51 14 640393 Sitatex LIMCAYA Russian Federalion. Aviaizdat, 48, 1. Franko Street, Moscow 121 35 1 Telephone 7 095 417-0405 Facsimile 7 095 417-0254 Senegal. Directeur regional de I'OACI, Bureau Afrique occidentale et centrale, Boite postale 2356, Dakar TtlCphone 221 8-23-54-52 TCICcopieur 221 8-23-69-26 Sitatex DKRCAYA South Africa. Avex Air Training Pty Ltd., Private Bag X102, Halfway House, 1685, Republic of South Africa Telephone 27-1 1 3 15-000314 Facsimile 27-1 1 805-3649 E-mail avexiafrica.com Spain. A.E.N.A. - Aeropuertos Espafioles y Navegaci6n ACrea, Calle Juan Ignacio Luca de Tena, 14, Planta Tercera, Despacho 3. 11, 28027 Madrid TelCfono 34 91 321-3148 Facsimile 34 91 321-3157 Colreo electr6nico sscc.jcsoriaaena.es Thailand. ICAO Regional Director, Asia and Pacific Office, P.O. Box 11, Samyaek Ladprao, Bangkok 10901 Telephone 66 2 537-8189 Facsimile 66 2 537-8199 Sitatex BKKCAYA United Kingdom. Westward Digital Limited, 37 Windsor Street, Cheltenham, Glos., GL52 2DG Telephone 44 1242 235- 15 1 Facsimile 44 1242 584- 139 1/99 Catalogue of ICAO Publications and Audio-visual Training Aids Issued annually, the Catalogue lists all publications and audio-visual training aids currently available. Monthly supplements announce new publications and audio-visual training aids, amendments, supplements, reprints, etc. Available free from the Document Sales Unit, ICAO
HIGHLIGHTS DURING 1997 ... Growth in the world economy The world's Gross Domestic Product GDP grew by an held up .. . estimated 3.3 per cent in real terms. On a regional basis the change in GDP ranged from an estimated increase of some 5.2 per cent for Latin America and the Caribbean to about 2.5 per cent for Europe, with that in Asia/Pacific following to just below the world average see Chapter 1. ... and airline traffic growth was Overall scheduled passengerlfi-eight/mail tonne- sustained .. . kilometres performed were up by 8 per cent and international tonne-kilometres by 9 per cent. There were significant differences in the traffic growth between regions, ranging from increases in total traffic of about 4 per cent for carriers based in the Middle East to some 12 per cent for those in Latin America and the Caribbean Chapter 2. Airline operating profits improved ... Preliminary estimates indicate that the world's scheduled airlines as a whole experienced an improved operating profit - 5.5 per cent of operating revenues compared with 4.4 per cent in 1996 - for the fifth year in succession Chapter 2. ... and aircraft orders were up ... The number of turbo-jet aircraft ordered was 1 309 compared to 1 003 in 1996. The financial commitment for orders placed for these aircraft is estimated to be about U.S.78 billion, compared with some U.S.65 billion estimated for 1996 Chapter 2. Liberalization was fostered The number of bilateral agreements and memoranda of through bilateral agreements ... understanding concluded between States was slightly down when compared with 1996, but about a quarter of these agreements provided for full-market access Chapter 2.
Privatization of airlines Privatization aims were achieved during the year for continued, ... five carriers compared with only two in 1996. New privatization objectives were made known for four carriers in addition to 20 other government-owned carriers targeted for privatization in previous years Chapter 2, ... as did airline alliances, ... Airlines continued to expand transnational alliances, including codesharing, joint services, and joint participation in frequent-flyer programmes Chapter 2. ... and more autonomy was given During the year there was further evolution in several to infrastructure providers ... regions of autonomous entities to operate airports or provide air navigation services, with greater emphasis being placed on active private participation Chapter 3. Airport construction continued ... Asia led the way in the number of new airports under construction and major expansion projects were under way in all regions Chapter 3. Implementation of a satellite- As a result of the implementation of a global satellite- based navigation system yields based Communications, Navigation and Surveil- early benefits, ... 1anceIAir Traffic Management CNSIATM system, new air routes were opened over the airspaces of China, the Russian Federation and other parts of Asia Chapter 3. ... while existing air navigation Air traffic control systems around the world continued facilities and services continued to be updated as part of the evolution process to a global to be enhanced ... ATM system. Meteorological services were also enhanced. In addition to the use of automated weather stations, computer-generated weather forecasts and nine volcanic ash advisory centres, 1997 saw the implementation of six tropical cyclone advisory centres for civil aviation Chapter 3. Safety remained a top priority ... Preliminary information on aircraft accidents involving passenger fatalities in scheduled air services shows that there were 26 fatal aircrafZ accidents involving 916 passenger fatalities in 1997 compared to 23 fatal accidents and 1 135 passenger fatalities in 1996. The
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Table Of Contents
COVER PAGE
Foreword
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PART I
Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
PART II
Chapter 5
PART Ill
Chapter 6
Appendix 1
Appendix 2