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Circular 271
The World of Civil Aviation, 1996-1999
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INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVlATlaN ORGANIZATION
Published in separate English, Arabic, French, Russian and Spanish editions by the International Civil Aviation Organization. All correspondence, except orders and subscriptions, should be addressed to the Secretary General. Orders for this publication should be sent to one of the following addresses, together with the appropriate remittance by bank draft, cheque or money order in U.S. dollars or the currency of the country in which the order is placed. Document Sales Unit International Civil Aviation Organization 999 University Street Montreal, Quebec Canada H3C 5H7 Telephone 514 954-8022 Telex 05-245 13 Facsimile 5 14 954-6769 Sitatex YULCAYA Internet sales-uniticao.org Credit card orders American Express, Mastercard and Visa are accepted at the above address. Egypt. ICAO Representative, Middle East Office, Egyptian Civil. Aviation Complex, Cairo Airport Road, Heliopolis, Cairo 11776 Telephone 20 2 267-4840 Facsimile 20 2 267-4843 Sitatex CAICAYA France. ReprCsentant de I'OACI, Bureau Europe et Atlantique Nord, 3 bis, villa mile-ererat, 92522 Neuilly-sur-Seine Cedex TCICphone 33 1 46 41 85 85 TClCcopieur 33 1 46 41 85 00 Sitatex PAREUYA India. Oxford Book and Stationery Co., Scindia House, New Delhi 110001 or 17 Park Street, Calcutta 700016 Telephone 91 11 331-5896 Facsimile 91 11 332-2639 Japan. Japan Civil Aviation Promotion Foundation, 15-12, I-chome, Toranomon, Minato-Ku, Tokyo Telephone 81 3 3503-2686 Facsimile 81 3 3503-2689 Kenya. ICAO Representative, Eastern and Southern African Office, United Nations Accommodation, P.O. Box 46294, Nairobi Telephone 254-2 622-395 Facsimile 254 2 226-706 Sitatex NBOCAYA exico. Representante de la OACI, Oficina NorteamCrica, CentroamCrica y Caribe, Masaryk No. 29-3er. piso, Col. Chapultepec Morales, Mtxico, D.F., 11570 TelCfono 52 5 250-321 1 Facsimile 52 5 203-2757 Sitatex MEXCAYA Peru. Representante de la OACI, Oficina SudamCrica, Apartado 4127, Lima 100 TelCfono 51 14 302260 Facsimile 51 14 640393 Sitatex LIMCAYA Senegal. ReprCsentant de I'OACI, Bureau Afrique occidentale et centrale, Boite postale 2356, Dakar TCICphone 221 8-23-47-86 TCICcopieur 221 8-23-69-26 Sitatex DKRCAYA South Africa. Avex Air Training Pty Ltd., Private Bag X102, Halfway House, 1685, Republic of South Africa Telephone 27-1 1 31 5-000314 Facsimile 27-1 1 805-3649 Internet avexiafrica.com Spain. A.E.N.A. - Aeropuertos Espafioles y Navegaci6n Atrea, Calle Juan lgnacio Luca de Tena, 14, Planta Tercera, Despacho 3. l I, 28027 Madrid TelCfono 34 1 321-3 148 Facsimile 34 1 321-3 157 Internet sscc.jcsoriaaena.es Thailand. ICAO Representative, Asia and Pacific Office, P.O. Box 11, Samyaek adprao, Bangkok 1090 1 Telephone 66 2 537-8 189 Facsimile 66 2 537-8 199 Sitatex BKKCAYA United Kingdom. Wetward Digital Limited, 37 Windsor Street, Cheltenham, Glos., GL52 2DG Telephone 44 1242 235- 15 1 Facsimile 44 1242 584- 139 2/98 Catalogue of ICAO Publications and Audio-visual Training Aids Issued annually, the Catalogue lists all publications and audio-visual training aids currently available. Monthly supplements announce new publications and audio-visual training aids, amendments, supplements, -reprints, etc. Available free from the Document Sales Unit, ICAO
HIGHLIGHTS DURING 1996 ... Growth in the world economy was sustained ... ... as was airline traffic growth ... Airline operating profits softened ... ... but aircraft orders were up ... Liberalization was fostered through regional agreements ... The world's Gross Domestic Product GDP grew by an estimated 3.5 per cent in real terms. On a regional basis the change in GDP ranged from an estimated increase of some 5.6 per cent for Asia/Pacific to about 1.4 per cent for Europe see Chapter 1. Over-all scheduled passenger/freight/mail tonne- kilometres performed were up by 7 per cent and international tonne-kilometres by 8 per cent. There were significant differences in the traffic growth between regions, ranging from increases in total traffic of about 5 per cent for carriers based in Europe and in the Middle East to almost 9 per cent for those in Asia/Pacific Chapter 2. Preliminary estimates indicate that the world's scheduled airlines as a whole experienced an operating profit - 4.3 per cent of operating revenues compared with 5.1 per cent in 1995 - for the fourth year in succession Chapter 2. The number of turbo-jet aircraft ordered was 1003 compared to 678 in 1995. The financial commitment for orders placed for these aircraft is estimated to be about U.S.65 billion, a little less than double the U.S.36 billion estimated for 1995 Chapter 2. The number of bilateral agreements and memoranda of understanding concluded between States was slightly down when compared with 1995 but significantly higher than in 1994. Two new regional agreements to foster more competitive air services were reached one among some States in the Caribbean and the other among six States in South America Chapter 2.
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Table Of Contents
COVER PAGE
FOREWORD
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PART I
Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
PART II
Chapter 5
PART Ill
Chapter 6
Appendix 1
Appendix 2