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Circular 265
The World of Civil Aviation, 1995-1998
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Approvd by the Secretary Generoll and published under his avhorify INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION ORGANIZATION
Published in sepamte English, Arabic, French, Russian and Spanish editions by the hternarionul Civil Aviation Organizution. Ail correspondence, except orders and subscriptions, should be addressed to the Secretary General. Orders for his publication should be sent to one of the following addresses, together with the appropriate remittance by bank draft, cheque or money order in U.5, dollars or the currency of the country in which the order is placed. Dwument Sales Unit InternaZional Civil Aviation Organization 999 University Street Montreal, Quebec Canada H3C SH7 Tel. 514 954-8022 Telex 05-24513 Far 514 954-6769 Sitatex YULCAYA Internet Sales-unitOicao.org Crdit card orders Visa, Mastercard, mehcari Express are aCcepted at the above address. E. ICAO Representative. Middle East Ofice, Egyptian Civil Aviation Complex, Cairo Airport Road, Heliopohs, Cairo 1 1361. France. Resentant de I'OACI, Bureau Europe et Atlantique Nord, 3 bis, villa hrnile-ergwat, 92522 Neuilly-sur-Seine Cedex. India. Oxford Book and Stationery Co., Scindia House, New Delhi 110001 or 17 Pafk Street, Calcutta 70001 6. Japan. Japan Civil Aviation Promotion Foundation, 15- 12, 1-chome, Toranomon, Minao-Ku, Tokyo. Kenya. ICAO Representative, Eastern and Southern Afridan mce, United Nations Ammmodation, P.O. Box 46294, Nairobi, -. Mexico. Representante de la OACI, ficina 'orteadrica, Centroamtrica y Caribe, Apartado postal 5-377, C.P. 06500, Mhico, D.F. Peru. Representante de la OACI, Oficina Sudarntrica, Apartado 4127, Lima 100. Senegal. Representant dc I'OACI, Bureau Afrique occidentale et centrale, Boite postale 2356, Dakar. Spain. A.E.N.A. - erouertos EspaRoles y Navegacih Abrea, Calle Juan Ignacio Luca de Tena, 14, Planta Tercera, kspacho 3. t 1, 28027 Madrid. . Thailand. ICAO Representative, Asia and Pacific offi, P.O. Box f 1, Samyaek Ladprao, ,Bangkok 10901. United Kingdom. The Printing and Publications Senices Limited, Gseville o"se, 37 Gratton Road, Cheltenham, Glos., GLSO 2BN. The Catalogue of ICAO Publications and Audio Visual Training Aids Issued annually, the Catalogue lists 811 publications and audio visual training aids currently available. Monthly supplements announce new publications and audio visual training aids, amendments, supplements, reprints, etc. Available free from the Document Sales Unit, ICAO
HIGHLIGHTS Growth in the world economy was sustained ... ... as wits airline traffi growth ... Airline finarmes continued to improve ... ... and aircraft orders more than doubled ... The worId's Gross Domestic Product GDP grew by an estimated 3.1 per cent in real terms. On a regional basis the change in GDP ranged from an estimated increase of nearly 5 per cent for Asia/Pacific to about 1 per cent for Latin America and the Caribbean see Chapter 1. Over-all scheduled passenger/fieight/mail tonne- kilometres performed were up by 7 per cent and international tonne-kilometres by 9 per cent. There were significant differences in the traffic growth between regions, ranging from increases in total traffic of about 4 per cent for carriers registered in North America to almost 13 per cent for those in the Middle East Chapter 2. Preliminary estimates indicate that the world's scheduled airlines as a whole experienced an operating profit - 5.1 per cent of operating revenues - for the third year in succession Chapter 2. The number of turbo-jet aircraft ordered was 678 compared to 314 in 1994. The financial commitment for arders placed for these aircraft is estimated to be about US. 36 billion, more than double the US. 14 billlion estimated for 1994 Chapter 2. The pace of liberalization The number of bilateral agreements and memoranda of received new impetus ... understanding concluded between States was double the number for 1994. Among those negotiated were a number of so-called "open skiesn bilateral agreements concluded between the United States with nine other States Chapter 2. Privatization of airlines continued ... Privatization aims were achieved during the par for 7 carriers, while new privatization objectives were made known for 9 carriers in addition to 25 other government- owned carriers targeted for privatization in previous years Chapter 2.
... as did foreign investment in airlines ... ... and autonomy given to infrastructure providers ... Airport construction continued ... Development and implementation of a satellite-based navigation system continued ... ... meanwhile, existing air navigation facilities and services were enhanced ... Safety remained a top priority ... Security showed significant improvement ... ICAO promoted new technologies to speed up clearance procedures ... Airlines continued to expand transnational alliances, including code-sharing, joint services, and joint participation in frequent-flyer programmes Chapter 2. The evolution of autonomous authorities to operate airports and air navigation facility services also continued Chapter 3. Two new international airports opened Denver in the United States, and Macau, construction on a number of other new airports continued and major expansion projects were under way in all regions Chapter 3. Significant progress was made by a number of States and international organizations in the development and implementation of a global satellite-based Communications, Navigation and SurveillancelAir Traffic Management CNSIATM system to replace existing line- of-sight systems Chapter 3. Air traffic control systems around the world were being updated as part of the evolution process to a global ATM system. Meteorological services were also enhanced through the use of automated weather stations and computer-generated weather forecasts Chapter 3. Preliminary information on aircrafi accidents involving passenger fatalities in scheduled air services shows that there were 26 fatal aircrafi accidents involving 710 passenger fatalities in 1995 compared to 28 fatal accidents and 941 passenger fatalities in 1994. The number of passenger fatalities per 100 million passenger- kilometres declined from 0.045 to 0.03. In October the ICAO Assembly endorsed all aspects of the safety oversight programme of the Organization Chapter 4. There was a significant decrease in the number of acts of unlawful interference there were 14 such incidents compared with 37 in 1994 Chapter 4. The Eleventh Session of the ICAO Facilitation Division made a wide range of recommendations for faster and more efficient clearance procedures for passengers and cargo, including many promoting the use of automation Chapter 4.
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Table Of Contents
COVER PAGE
FOREWORD
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PART I
Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
PART II
Chapter 5
PART Ill
Chapter 6
Appendix 1
Appendix 2