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Circular 239
Survey of International Air Transport Fares and Rates (September 1991)
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lCAO CIRCULAR 239-ATB7 CIRCULAR SURVEY OF INTERNATIONAL AIR TRANSPORT FARES AND RATES September 1991 Approved by the Secretary General and published under his authority INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION ORGAMIZAT ION MONTREAL CANADA
Published in separate English, French Russian and Spunish editions by the International CiviI Aviation Drganimtion. All correspondence, except orders and subscriptions, should be addressed ro the Secretaly General. Orders for this publication should be sent to one of the foHowing addresses, together with the appropriate remittame by bank drafi, chquc or money order in U.S. dollars or the cumncy bf the country in which the orQcr is placed. Documcnt Sales Unit Inkmatiom1 Civil Aviation Organization 1000 Shcrbmoke Strect Wesl. Suile 400 Montreal, Qucboc Canada H3A 2R2 Tel. 514 285-6219 Telex 05-24513 Fax 514 288-4772 Sitatex YULCAYA Credit card orders Visa or Amcrcan Exprcss only are accepted it the above address Egypt. tCAO Representative, Middle East Office. 9 Shagarc1 El Dorr Street, Zamalek 1 121 1, Cairo. France. Repkntant I'OACI. Burcaa Europe cl Attantique Nord, 3 his, villa gmile-8crgcrat, 92522 Neuill y-sur-Seine Cedes. India. OxFord Book and Stationcry Co.. Scindia House, New Dclhi or 17 Park Streel, Calcutta. Japan. Japan Civil Aviation Promotion Foundation. 15-1 2. I -chome, Toranomon, Minalo-Ku, Tokyo. Kenya. ICAO Representative, EasErn and Southern African Omcc. United Nations Accommodation, P.O. Box 4629.1, Nairobi. Mcxic. Representante de la OACI, Oticina Noncnmkrica, Ccnlroamfrica y Caribe, Aptado poslal5-377, C.P. W. MCxico. D.F. Peru. Represenlank dc la OACl, Oiicina SudamCrica, Aparlado 4127, Lima 100. Senegal. Reprhentanc dc l'OACI. Burem Afrique otciikntillc el ccntraic, Be pb1e 2356, Dakar. Spuin. Pilot's, Suministros Aeronbutims. S.A., CNlises, 5-Ofiuina NOm. 2, 28043 Madrid, Thuiiad. ICAO Represenrarivc. Asia and Pdcific OTfice. P.0. Box I I, Sclrnyilck Ladpm, Bangkok 10901. United Kingdom. Civil Aviaion Authority. Prinling and Publications Services, Greville House, 37 Gmton Road, Cheltenharn. Glos.. GL5O 2BN. The Catalogue of ICAO Publications and Audio Visual Training Aids Issued annually, the Catalogue lists all publications and audio visual training aids currently available. Monthly supplements announce new publications and audia visual training aids, amendments, supplements, reprints, etc. Available free from the Document Sales Unit, ICAO
TABLE OF CONTENTS Page ............................................. Chapter 1 . INTROOUCTION 1 ....................... Terms of reference. objectives and scope of the sunrey 1 Datasources ..................................................... 1 ..................................... Analysis and statistical methodology 2 Selionofcity-pairsandroutegroups .................................. 2 City-pair distances used for analysis ............... ..................... 3 ........................................... Selection of fares and rates 3 Currencies ........................................................ 5 ............................... Selection of sunrey period ............ 5 .............................................. Slructure of the survey 6 Chapter 2 . COMPARATIVE SUMMARY OF INTERNATIONAL PASSENGER FARES .... 7 ................................................ Introductory remarks 7 Distribution of international city-pairs by route group ......................... 7 ............................ Distribution of international city-pairs by distance 8 Distribution of international cily-pairs by route group and by distance ............. 9 Relationship between estimated economy class normal fares and distance ......... 9 ................ Comparative level of economy class normal fares by route group 11 Changes in level of economy class normal fares between 1990 and 1991 .......... 13 ................................................. Other normal fares 15 .......................................... Economy class special fares 16 ................................................... Preferential fares 17 Chapter 3 . THE IMPACT OF SUPPLEMENTARY TAXES OR CHARGES ON .......................................... INTERNATIONAL AIR FARES 19 ................................................ Introductory remarks 19' ............ Taxes and charges applicable to international passenger air transport 19 Distribution of cily-pairs where supplementary taxes and charges are levied ........ 20 Comparison of international air fares and supplementary taxes and charges ........ 21 .................... Effect of supplementary taxes and charges on special fares 22 Chapter 4 . COMPARATIVE SUMMARY OF INTERNAT1ONAt CARGO RATES ........ 25 ................................................. Introductory remarks 25 ......................... Distribution of international city-pairs by route group 25 ............................ Distribution of international city-pairs by distance 25 .............. Distribution of international city-pairs by route group and by distance 27 Relationship between estimated general cargo rates for small shipments and distance 27
ii IiO Circular 239-AT/97 Gomparatie Ievgl of general cargo rates for smll shipments by mute group ....... 29 . Changes in levd of memi cargo rates for smll shipments between 1990 and 1991 . 31 .................................................. 0th cam rates 31 Chapter 5 . FARES AHD RATES BY WTERWTIONAL ROUTE GROUP RoMe group 1 between North Amentca and Central AmwidCaiibean ........... 33 Route group 2 between and within Centra\ Amwica and the Cawan ........... 37 Route group 3 between Canada. Mexico and the United States ................. 40 Route gmup'4 between North AmericalCentraf AmericalCaribbean and . . South America .................................................. 43 Route group 5 IocaI Swth America ..................................... 47 Route group 6 local Europe ........................................... 51 Route gmup 7 Wal Middle Enst ....................................... 55 Roule group 8 local Afxia ............. .............................. 59 Route group 9 between Europe and Middle East ........................... 63 Route g0y3 10 between EuropdMiddle East and Africa ...................... 67 Route group 11 North Atlantic .......................................... 71 Route grwp 12 Mid Atlantic .......................................... 75 Route group 13 South Atlantic ......................................... 79 ...................................... Route grbup 14 local AsialPacific 83 Route gmup 15 between EuropeI'Mibdfe EasS/A and Asia/c ...... ...... 87 RQW group ie . NQR ari id acltic .................................... 91 Route group 17 South Pacific ......................................... 95 Appendix 1 . OESCRIPROM OF ROUTE GROUPS ............................. W Appendix 2 . CURRENCY COMVER610N RATES .............................. 101 Appendix 3 . STATISTICAL UETHOOOLOGY AND GONVERSlOWS ................ 105
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Table Of Contents
COVER PAGE
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
Chapter 5
Appendix 1
Appendix 2