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Circular 291
The World of Civil Aviation, 2001-2004
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Published in separate English, Arabic, French, Russian and Spanish editions by the International Civil Aviation Organization. All correspondence, except orders and subscriptions, should be addressed to the Secretary General. - Orders should be sent to one of the following addresses, together with the appropriate remittance by bank draft, cheque or money order in U.S. dollars or the currency of the country in which the order is placed. Credit card orders American Express, Mastercard and Visa are accepted at ICAO Headquarters. Interrzationul Civil Aviation Organization. Attention Document Sales Unit 999 University Street, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3C 5H7 Telephone I 514 954-8022 Facsimile I 514 954-6769 Sitatex YULADYA E-mail sales-uniticao.int Egypt. ICAO Regional Director, Middle East Office, Egyptian Civil Aviation Complex, Cairo Airport Road, Heliopolis, Cairo 11776 Telephone 20 2 267-4840 Facsimile 20 2 267-4843 Sitatex CAICAYA France. Directeur rtgional de I'OACI, Bureau Europe et Atlantique Nord, 3 bis, villa mile-ergerat, 92522 Neuilly-sur-Seine Cedex TtlCphone 33 1 46 41 85 85 Ttltcopieur 33 1 46 41 85 00 Sitatex PAREUYA India. Oxford Book and Stationery Co., Scindia House, New Delhi 110001 or 17 Park Street, Calcutta 700016 Telephone 91 1 1 331-5896 Facsimile 91 1 1 332-2639 Japan. Japan Civil Aviation Promotion Foundation, 15-12, I-chome, Toranomon, Minato-Ku, Tokyo Telephone 81 3 3503-2686 Facsimile 81 3 3503-2689 Kenya. ICAO Regional Director, Eastern and Southern African Office, United Nations Accommodation, P.O. Box 46294, Nairobi Telephone 254 2 622-395 Facsimile 254 2 226-706 Sitatex NBOCAYA Mexico. Director Regional de la OACI, Oficina Norteamtrica, Centroamtrica y Caribe Masaryk No. 29-3er. piso, Col. Chapultepec Morales, Mexico, D.F., 11570 Teltfono 52 55 52 50 32 l I Facsimile 52 55 52 03 27 57 Sitatex MEXCAYA Nigeria. Landover Company, P.O. Box 3165, Ikeja, Lagos Telephone 234 1 4979780 Facsimile 234 1 4979788 Sitatex LOSLORK Peru. Director Regional de la OACI, Oficina Sudamtrica, Apartado 4127, Lima 100 TelCfono 51 1 302260 Facsimile 51 1 640393 Sitatex LIMCAYA Russian Federation. Aviaizdat, 48, 1. Franko Street, Moscow 121351 Telephone 7 095 417-0405 Facsimile 7 095 417-0254 Senegal. Directeur rtgional de I'OACI, Bureau Afrique occidentale et centrale, Boite postale 2356, Dakar TCItphone 221 8-23-54-52 Ttltcopieur 221 8-23-69-26 Sitatex DKRCAYA Slovakia. Air Traffic Services of the Slovak Republic, Letovt prevadzkovt sluzby Slovenskej Republiky, State Enterprise, Letisko M.R. Stefdnika, 823 07 Bratislava 21, Slovak Republic Telephone 421 7 4857 11 11 Facsimile 421 7 4857 2105 South Africa. Avex Air Training Pty Ltd., Private Bag X102, Halfway House, 1685, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa Telephone 27 1 1 315-0003/4 Facsimile 27 1 1 805-3649 E-mail avexiafrica.com Spain. A.E.N.A. - Aeropuertos Espaiioles y Navegaci6n Aerea, Calle Juan Ignacio Luca de Tena, 14, Planta Tercera, Despacho 3. 11, 28027 Madrid Teltfono 34 91 321-3 148 Facsimile 34 91 321-3 157 Correo-e sscc.ventasoaciaena.es Thailand. ICAO Regional Director, Asia and Pacific Office, P.O. Box 11, Samyaek Ladprao, Bangkok 10901 Telephone 66 2 537-8189 Facsimile 66 2 537-819.9 Sitatex BKKCAYA United Kingdom. Airplan Flight Equipment Ltd. AFE, la Ringway Trading Estate, Shadowmoss Road, Manchester M22 5LH Telephone 44 161 499 0023 Facsimile 44 161 499 0298 E-mail enquiriesafeonline.com World Wide Web http//www.afeonline.com Catalogue of ICAO Publications and Audio-visual Training Aids Issued annually, the Catalogue lists all publications and audio-visual training aids currently available. Monthly supplements announce new publications and audio-visual training aids, amendments, supplements, reprints, etc. Available free from the Document Sales Unit, ICAO.
HIGHLIGHTS DURING 2001 ... The world economy weakened ... The world's Gross Domestic Product grew by an estimated 2.5 per cent in real terms. On a regional basis the change in GDP ranged from an estimated increase of some 4.5 per cent for the Middle East to about 0.7 per cent for Latin America and the Caribbean Chapters 1, 5 and 6. . . . as airline traffic declined Total scheduled passenger/freight/mail tonne-kilometres markedly, performed declined by 2.9 per cent due both to the economic slowdown and in particular to the events of 11 September There were significant differences in the traffic growth between regions, ranging from 3.2 per cent for carriers based in the Middle East to -5.7 per cent for those in North America in terms of passenger- kilometres performed Chapters 2, 5 and 6. ... airline operating results Preliminary estimates indicate that the world's suffered ... scheduled airlines suffered an aggregate operating loss of 3.6 per cent of their total operating revenues, compared to an operating profit of 3.3 per cent in 2000 Chapters 2 and 5. . . . and many aircraft orders A total of 990 turbojet-powered aircraft were ordered were stalled. compared to 1 553 in 2000. The financial commitment for orders placed for these aircraft with the major aircraft manufacturers is estimated to be about U.S.69 billion, down from 80 billion the previous year Chapter 2.
Bilateral and regional developments supported liberalization of air transport services ... ... while a review of the Air Dunsport Annex to the GATS continued. Privatization of airlines continued and airline alliances expanded. More autonomy was given to infrastructure providers . . . . . . and airport construction continued. Implementation of CNS IATM systems components continued to yield early benefits. A significant number of bilateral agreements containing measures for liberalization of air transport services were concluded or amended between States. Regional and subregional civil aviation bodies in Africa, AsiaRacific, Europe and Latin America considered or agreed upon gradual liberalization of intra-regional air services Chapter 2. The World Trade Organization resumed its mandatory review of the Air Transport Annex to the General Agreement on Trade in Services and adopted guidelines, procedures and a work programme for negotiations on trade in services Chapter 2. Privatization developments included four airlines achieving their goals, another four airlines announcing their objectives and some 40 government-owned carriers continuing preparations. Airlines continued to expand transnational alliances, with most agreements including codesharing as one of the collaborative elements Chapter 2. The year witnessed further activity at the government level towards establishing autonomous entities to operate airports or to provide air navigation services, with growing emphasis being placed on active private participation in airport operations, management and finances. The trend towards cooperative strategies or alliances among airports prevailed Chapter 3. Europe, Asia and North America led the way in new airport projects completed, under construction or projected. Major airport expansion projects were under way in all regions Chapter 3. Continued implementation of satellite-based communications, navigation and surveillancelair traffic management systems led to more efficient airspace utilization for international civil aviation. Air traffic services systems around the world continued to be upgraded as part of an evolving seamless global air traffic management system Chapter 3.
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Table Of Contents
COVER PAGE
Foreword
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PART I
Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
PART II
Chapter 5
PART Ill
Chapter 6
Appendix 1
Appendix 2
Appendix 3