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HIGHLIGHTS DURING 2001 ... The world economy weakened ... The world's Gross Domestic Product grew by an estimated 2.5 per cent in real terms. On a regional basis the change in GDP ranged from an estimated increase of some 4.5 per cent for the Middle East to about 0.7 per cent for Latin America and the Caribbean Chapters 1, 5 and 6. . . . as airline traffic declined Total scheduled passenger/freight/mail tonne-kilometres markedly, performed declined by 2.9 per cent due both to the economic slowdown and in particular to the events of 11 September There were significant differences in the traffic growth between regions, ranging from 3.2 per cent for carriers based in the Middle East to -5.7 per cent for those in North America in terms of passenger- kilometres performed Chapters 2, 5 and 6. ... airline operating results Preliminary estimates indicate that the world's suffered ... scheduled airlines suffered an aggregate operating loss of 3.6 per cent of their total operating revenues, compared to an operating profit of 3.3 per cent in 2000 Chapters 2 and 5. . . . and many aircraft orders A total of 990 turbojet-powered aircraft were ordered were stalled. compared to 1 553 in 2000. The financial commitment for orders placed for these aircraft with the major aircraft manufacturers is estimated to be about U.S.69 billion, down from 80 billion the previous year Chapter 2.
Bilateral and regional developments supported liberalization of air transport services ... ... while a review of the Air Dunsport Annex to the GATS continued. Privatization of airlines continued and airline alliances expanded. More autonomy was given to infrastructure providers . . . . . . and airport construction continued. Implementation of CNS IATM systems components continued to yield early benefits. A significant number of bilateral agreements containing measures for liberalization of air transport services were concluded or amended between States. Regional and subregional civil aviation bodies in Africa, AsiaRacific, Europe and Latin America considered or agreed upon gradual liberalization of intra-regional air services Chapter 2. The World Trade Organization resumed its mandatory review of the Air Transport Annex to the General Agreement on Trade in Services and adopted guidelines, procedures and a work programme for negotiations on trade in services Chapter 2. Privatization developments included four airlines achieving their goals, another four airlines announcing their objectives and some 40 government-owned carriers continuing preparations. Airlines continued to expand transnational alliances, with most agreements including codesharing as one of the collaborative elements Chapter 2. The year witnessed further activity at the government level towards establishing autonomous entities to operate airports or to provide air navigation services, with growing emphasis being placed on active private participation in airport operations, management and finances. The trend towards cooperative strategies or alliances among airports prevailed Chapter 3. Europe, Asia and North America led the way in new airport projects completed, under construction or projected. Major airport expansion projects were under way in all regions Chapter 3. Continued implementation of satellite-based communications, navigation and surveillancelair traffic management systems led to more efficient airspace utilization for international civil aviation. Air traffic services systems around the world continued to be upgraded as part of an evolving seamless global air traffic management system Chapter 3.