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HIGHLIGHTSDURING 2002 ...The world economy continued its slow recovery The worlds Gross Domestic Product GDP grew by an estimated 3 per cent in real terms. On a regional basis the change in GDP ranged from an estimated increase of 4.8 per cent for Asia/Pacific to no growth for Latin America and the Caribbean Chapters 1, 5 and 6. as airline traffic performance was patchy...Total scheduled passenger/freight/mail tonne-kilometres performed increased at a 1.6 per cent rate. Significant differences prevailed among regions with growth ranging from -4.8 per cent for carriers based in Africa to 12.6 per cent for those in the Middle East albeit from a low base. After the steep 2001 decline, global passenger traffic grew at just 0.4 per cent in terms of total passenger-kilometres performed, again masking differences among regions Chapters 2, 5 and6.... and airline operating results continued to sufferPreliminary estimates indicate that the worlds scheduled airlines suffered an aggregate operating loss of 2.3 per cent of their total operating revenues, following an operating loss of 3.8 per cent in 2001 Chapters 2, 5 and 6. while aircraft orders were stalled.A total of 497 turbo-jet powered aircraft were ordered, compared to 990 in 2001 and 1 553 in 2000. The financial commitment for these aircraft orders with major aircraft manufacturers is estimated at U.S.40 billion in 2002, down from 69 billion and 80 billion the previous two years Chapter 2.Bilateral and regional developments supported liberalization of air transport services.Bilateral agreements remained the primary vehicles for liberalization of international air transport services for most States, though now with a substantial overlay of regional and plurilateral liberalization arrangements Chapter 2.
IIHIGHLIGHTSPrivatization of airlines slowed...Action taken towards privatization included five airlines achieving their goals, another four airlines announcing their objectives and some 40 State-owned carriers continuing preparation Chapter 2....as airline alliances continued to expand.Airlines continued to expand transnational strategic alliances to achieve enhanced market access and synergies Chapter 2.Low-cost carriers were challenging the full service network of major airlines and...The traditional business model of the full service airline came under scrutiny, particularly for airlines with global reach, and spawned experimentation to remain competitive with low-cost carriers Chapter 2....e-commerce development was transforming airline product distribution.Airline distribution business and channels continued to be restructured. Rapid growth has been experienced in on-line sales of air transport services via the Internet, both through third-party providers and directly to consumers and other businesses Chapter 2.Airports and air navigation services providers incurred revenue losses ... The slow recovery of air traffic placed financial constraints on airports and air navigation services providers Chapter 3.... and developed cooperative strategiesAirports continued to pursue cooperative strategies or alliances among themselves Chapter 3. while construction projects progressed.Major airport expansion projects were underway in all regions with Europe, Asia and North America leading in airport projects completed, under construction or projected Chapter 3.Implementation of CNS/ATM systems components continued to yield early benefits.Continued implementation of satellite-based communications, navigation and surveillance/air traffic management systems led to more efficient airspace utilization for international civil aviation. Air traffic service systems around the world continued to be upgraded as part of an evolving seamless global air traffic management system Chapter 3.