WHEREAS the future development of international civil aviation can greatly help to create and preserve friendship and understanding among the nations and peoples of the world, yet its abuse can become a threat to the general security and WHEREAS it is desirable to avoid friction and to promote that cooperation between nations and peoples upon which the peace of the world depends THEREFORE, the undersigned governments having agreed on certain principles and arrangements in order that international civil aviation may be developed in a safe and orderly manner and that international air transport services may be established on the basis of equality of opportunity and operated soundly and economically Have accordingly concluded this Convention to that end. Preamble to the Convention on International Civil Aviation Signed at Chicago, on 7 December 1944
MESSAGE FROM THE PRESIDENT OF THE COUNCIL TO THE ASSEMBLY OF THE INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION ORGANIZATION I have the honour to transmit, at the direction of the Council, its Report for the year 2007 prepared in compliance with Article 54a of the Convention on International Civil Aviation. It constitutes documentation for the next regular Session of the Assembly, which will be convened in 2010, but it is being circulated to Contracting States now for their information. It will also be sent to the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations in pursuance of Article VI, paragraph 2 a of the Agreement between the United Nations and ICAO. Reaffirming ICAOs Global Leadership An Assembly year is always a milestone in the evolution of ICAO as Contracting States develop the work programme for the next three years in the technical, economic, environmental, legal and cooperative fields, approve a related budget and elect the Council, the governing body of the Organization between Assemblies. The overarching achievement of the 36th Session of the Assembly in September of 2007 was an overwhelming endorsement of the global leadership of ICAO in all activities listed in the six Strategic Objectives. A great many resolutions that will further enhance the safety, security, efficiency and sustainability of international civil aviation were adopted and specific programmes and activities were initiated or reinforced to contribute to the health and growth of air transport worldwide. Understandably, discussions on minimizing the impact on the environment generated considerable debate. All participants agreed on the need for more concerted and effective action to reduce the carbon footprint of international aviation, and that a wide array of options would have to be used, essentially technological, operational and economic. The Assembly requested the Council to form a new Group on International Aviation and Climate Change for the purpose of developing and recommending to the Council an aggressive Programme of action on International Aviation and Climate Change, based on consensus, and reflecting the shared vision and strong will of all Contracting States. This strong show of support for ICAOs leadership role and extensive work programme will prove essential as the Organization and the world aviation community tackle the enormous challenges that lie ahead, which can be summed up in one simple word growth. One graphic manifestation of this anticipated growth is the coming into operation of about 17 000 new aircraft over the next decade, creating an acknowledged need for training of some 217 000 pilots and 430 000 mechanics, not to mention air traffic controllers and managers for the organizations that will employ all of these critical human resources.
Coping with the airport and airspace congestion linked to growth will require huge investments in infrastructure for airports and air navigation services, as well as in safety and security to protect both the lives of passengers and the vitality of the air transport industry. Above all, it will require unparalleled levels of cooperation among all aviation stakeholders through the global forum that is ICAO. We have successfully played this role for more than 60 years and have constantly evolved to keep pace with technological, economic and political changes that have characterized the transformation of civil aviation. Most recently, we have made considerable progress in moving towards a more performance-based and results-oriented Organization. We are more proactive in tackling issues and generating consensus on solutions. We are continually exploring new ways to help Contracting States meet their responsibilities through dialogue, guidance and more affirmative action where required. The new format of the Annual Report is a demonstration of this new way of doing business. We have considerably streamlined the presentation of the Report by shifting some of the statistical material to the ICAO website. We have also grouped most of the editorial content under the Strategic Objectives for a more systematic overview of activities and achievements, including technical cooperation initiatives. For the first time, the more user-friendly Report is available on the ICAO website. We are committed to ensuring that ICAO exercises its leadership as the central institution for global governance in civil aviation, in a spirit of cooperation among all stakeholders, so that air travellers the world over have access to air transport that is as safe, secure, efficient and sustainable as possible. Roberto Kobeh Gonzlez President of the Council