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Circular 129
Survey of International Air Transport Fares and Rates (September 1975)
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CIRCULAR 129-AT138 1 CIRCULAR I 1976 SURVEY OF INTERNATIONAL AIR TRANSPORT FARES AND RATES SEPTEMBER 1975 Approved by the Secretary General and published under his authority INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION ORGANIZATION MONTREAL CANADA
Published in separate Englis/r, French and Slarzisl etlitiorzs b.v tile Itlternutiotzal Civil Aviation Organization. All correspondetzce, except ortlers and stibscriptiorzs, should be addressed to the Secretary Getzeral of ICA 0, P. 0. Box 400, Succursulc Place de I'Aviation internationale, 1000 Slzerbrooke Street West, Moztreul, Quebec, Canada H3A 2R2. Orders for this publication should be sent to one of the following addresses, together with the appropriate remittance by bank draft or post office money order in U.S. dollars or the currency of the country in which the order is placed, or in a freely convertible currency. International Civil Aviation Organization. Attention Distribution Officer, P.O. Box 400, Succursale Place de I'Aviation internationale, 1000 Sherbrooke Street West, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 2R2 Canada. Information Canada, Ottawa, Ontario. Egypt Arab Republic of. ICAO Representative, Middle East and Eastern African Office, 16 Hassan Sabri, Zamalek, Cairo. France. Reprksentant de l'OACI, Bureau Europe, 3bis, villa Emile-Bergerat, 92200 Neuilly-sur-Seine. India. Oxford Book and Stationery Co., Scindia House, New Delhi or 1 7 Park Street, Calcutta. Japan. Japan Civil Aviation Promotion Foundation, No. 38 Shiba Kotohira-Cho, Minato-Ku, Tokyo. Mexico. Representante de la OACI, Oficina NorteamCrica y Caribe, Apartado postal 5-377, MCxico 5, D.F. Peru. Representante de la OACI, Oficina Sudamkrica, Apartado 4127, Lima. Senegal. Reprksentant de I'OACI, Bureau Afrique, Boite postale 2356, Dakar. Sweden. C.E. Fritzes Kungl. Hovbokhandel, Fredsgatan 2, Box 16356, Stockholm 16. Thailand. ICAO Representative, Far East and Pacific Office, P.O. Box 614, Bangkok. United Kingdom. Civil Aviation Authority, Printing and Publications Services, Greville House, 37 Gratton Road, Cheltenharn, Glos., GL50 2BN. Do you receive the ICAO BULLETIN The lCAO Bulletin contains a concise account of the activities of the Organization as well as articles of interest to the aeronautical world. The Bulletin will also keep you up to date on the latest ICAO publica- tions, their contents, amendments, supplements, corrigenda, and prices. Available in three separate edtions. Engllsh, French and Spansh. Annual subscription U.S.15.00 surface mail U.S.20.00 air mail
TABLE OF CONTENTS Page INTRODUCTION 1 Terms of reference. objectives and scope of study ......................... 1 .............................................................. Data Sources 1 ...................................... Analysis and statistical methodology 2 Selection of city-pairs and route groups .................................. 2 City-pair distances used for analysis ..................................... 4 Selection of fares and rates ........................................ 4 Currencies ................................................................ 5 Selection of survey period ................................................ 6 Structure of the study .................................................... 6 SUMMARY AND COMPARISONS Introductory remarks ..................................................... 7 Distribution of city-pairs by route groups ................................ 7 Distribution of international city-pairs by distance and by route group ... 9 A . PASSENGER FARES 11 Comparison of estimated normal economy and excursion fares for the world .. 11 Comparative level of normal economy fares by route group .................. 12 Comparative level of economy excursion fares by route group ............... 12 Increase in level of normal economy fares between 1974 and 1975 ........... 12 ................ Increase in level of excursion fares between 1974 and 1975 16 ................... Relative availability of excursion fares by route group 16 .......... Availability of other types of scheduled international air fares 18 B . CARGO RATES 20 ............................... Comparison of estimated general cargo rates 20 Comparative level of cargo rates for shipments of less than 45 kilos by route group ............................................................. 21 Comparative level of cargo rates for large shipments by route group ....... 21 Increase in level of general cargo rates between 1974 and 1975 ............ 21 C . UNIT REVENCES IN 1975 2 5 ...................................................... General observations 25 ................... Average unit passenger revenues from scheduled services 25 ..................... Average unit freight revenues from scheduled services 25 Average passenger revenues from non-scheduled operations .................. 27 FARES AND RATES BY ROUTE GROUP 29 1 . bet wee Yor th America and Central America/Caribbean and between and . tiiin Centr71 America and the Caribbean ................................ 29 2 . Between Canada. Mexica and the United States .............................. 35 3 . Retwet North Arnerica/Cen I a1 AmericaICaribbean and South America ......... 41
i i . ......... . . ICtlO Circular - - 1.9.z\T/38 Page 4 . Local South America ...................................................... 47 ............................................................. 5 . Local Europe 53 6 . Local Middle East ........................................................ 59 7 . Local Africa ............................................................. 65 8 . Between Europe and Middle East ........................................ 71 9 . Between Europe/Middle East and Africa .................................... 77 ........................................................... 10 . North Atlantic 83 11 . Mid Atlantic ............................................................. 89 12. South A-tlantic ........................................................... 95 .............................. 13 . Local South and East Asia and South Pacific 101 14 . Between EuropeIMiddle East and South and East Asia and South Pacific ..... 107 ..................... 15 . Between Africa and South and East Asia/South Pacific 113 1 North and Mid Pacific .................................................... 119 17 . South Pacific ............................................................ 125 APPEND1 CES ................................................. 1 . Replies to Questionnaire 131 2 . Statistical Methodology and Equations .................................... 133 3 . Currency Conversion Rates ................................................ 139
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