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Circular 138
Survey of International Air Transport Fares and Rates (September 1976)
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CIRCULAR 138-AT/ -1 CIRCULAR SURVEY OF INTERNATIVEIL AIR TRANSPORT FARES AND RATES SEPTEMBER 1976 Approved by the crr Cisneml and pub/fsheg' under his authority INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVLATlON ORGANIZATION MONTREAL CANADA
Rdm' fdr thi pu68fjan auld be smt to n.e of the fIlo"irl ad,des, together with the apmate remiJtanoe by bank draft ap pmt ofrim mamy order US, da\lars or the etirnnGy Of thd FOURS In which me des plamd, In ferna-tanol Civil d vvitian Organization, AttentiOn. Distribufim Officer, P.O. Box 498, Sumursale Place de 1'AYiation internationale, 1000 Shbrbroke Stwe t West, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A ZR2 Eyp t Arab Aepublrc of. ICAO Reprett'ativc, Widk East an4 Eastern AfAcan Office, 16 Bassan Sabri, Zamalek,C, Fmnce. erksentprrr de l'OACI, Bureau Europe, 3hr, Wla Esaile-lila-gcmt. 92260 Neuilly-sur-Seine. Indra. Oxford Book and Statiofiary Co., Sindia House, New DeLhi or I7 Park Street, Caiuffa, Japan. Japan Wd Aviation Promotion Foundation, No. 38 Shiba Kntohira-Cho, Mlnato-Ku, Tokyo. Mexico. Repnentmte de la BACI, Oflcin8 Nstem6nca y Carhe, Apartado postal 5-3 77, Mxiee 5, D.F. Pm. Represeqtafite de la OACI, Ofcina SudamMca, Apaado 4 127, Lha. Senegal. Repr6sentafii de l'OkCI, Bureau AMaUe, BoEte postale 23 56, Dakar. Spain. LBrda de heron4lutica y Astronhutica Sumq Deungo, 12-30-3, Madrid 13. Sweden. C.E. Fritzes KungI. Hovbokhandel, Fredsgatan 2, Box '1 6356, Stackholm 16. Thaitand. lCAO Representative, Far Eat and Pacific Office, P.O. Box 6 14, Bangkok. Uhited Kingdom. Civil Aviation Authority, Printing and Publicatins Wices, GwviIle HWW, 37 Gmtton Road, Chelteaham, Gloa., GL.50 2BH. Do you receive the lCAO BULLETIN The lCAO Bulletin contains a concise mcwnt of the activities of the Organizatian as well as articles of interest to the aeronautical mid. The Bulletin will also keep you crp to date on the larest ICAO pubtica- tions, their contents, amendments, supplwnents, coraigenda, and prices. Available In three para edimns English, French and Spanish. Annual subscription CI.S.lS.OO surface mail U.S.2P.00 air mail.
....................... Tens of reference. objectives and scope of study 1 ........................................................... Data sources 1 Analysis and statistical rethodology ................................... 2 Selection of city-pairs and route groups ............................... 2 City-pair distances used for analysis .................................. 4 Seiection of fares and rates .. .........b.............................. 4 Ccrrenctes ............................................................. 5 Selection of 8UfPey period ............................................. 6 Structut of the study .................................................. 5 introductory remarks .........................t....1.......f.......... 7 3lstribution cf citg-palrs 5y ronte groups ............................. 7 Distriburion sf iaternatiunal city-pairs by distance and by route group . 3 A . PASSLYGER FARES 11 Comyaris3n of estimated normi econuagt and excurolon fares ior rhe world 11 ............... Comparaive level of normal economy fares by route group 12 Cornpararive level of econorw OXC'JSO fares by route group ............ 12 ......... Increase in level GE nor-1 ecurlomy fares between 1975 and 1976 12 ............. Icrsase ia level of ersion fares beween 1975 and 1976 16 ............... Relatlve availability of exccrsigr. fares by raue group.. 16 ....... Availability cf ther types of scheduled internatianal air fares 15 B . CAR33 RATES 20 Cumpariscn of estimated gencral cargo races ............................ 20 Comparative level f cargs races for shipment5 of less than 45 kilos by ruute grau ....................................................... 21 Cumparative level of cargo zates for large shipments by suute grocp... .. 21 ......... Increase 13 level of general cargo rates brtwttn 1975 and 1976 21 General observations ................................................... 25 Average unit passenger reveaces fro scheduled services ................ 25 Average unit freight rwenuee from scheduled, services .................. 25 Average passenger revanues from nun-scheduled operations ............... 27
ii ICAO Circular 138-AT/44 FARES AND RATES BY ROUTE GROUP I . Between North America and Central Arnericajarfbbean and between and within Central America and the Caribbean ......................... 29 ....................... 2 . Between Canada. Mexico and the United States 35 3 . Between North merica/Central Americaicaribbean and South America . 41 4 . Local South America ............................................... 47 5 . Local Europe ....................................................... 53 6 . Local Middle East ................................................ 59 7 . Local Africa .................................................... 65 8 . Between Europe and Middle East .................................... 71 9 . Between Europe/Hiddle East and Africa .............................. 77 10. North Atlantic ................................ L... ............ 83 .. . 11 Mid Atlantic .................................................. 89 ..................................................... . 12 South Atlantic 95 ........................ 13 . Local South and East Asia and South Pacific 101 14. Between EuropeJMiddle East and South and East Asia and South Pacific 107 ............... 15. Between Africa and South and East AsiajSouth Pacific 113 .............................................. . 16 North and Mid Pacific 119 ...................................................... . 17 South Pacific 125 APPENDICES 1 . Replies to Questionnaire .......................................... 131 2 . Statistics I. Methodology and Equations ......................... ,... 133 3 . Currency Conversion Rates .......................................... 139
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