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Circular 168
Survey of International Air Transport Fares and Rates (September 1981)
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CIRCULAR 168-AT163 CIRCULAR SURVEY OF INTERNATIONAL AIR TRANSPORT FARES AND RATES SEPTEMBER 1981 Approved by the Secretary General and published under his authority INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION ORGANIZATION MONTREAL CANADA
Published in separate English, French, Russian and Spanish editions by the International Civil Aviation Organization. AN correspondence, except orders and subscriptions, should be addressed to the Secretary General. Orders for this publication should be sent to one of the following addresses, together with the appropriate remittance by bank draft or post office money order in U.S. dollars or the currency of the country in which the order is placed. International Civil Aviation Organization Attention Distribution Officer 1000 Sherbrooke Street West, Suite 400 Montreal, Quebec Canada H3A 2R2 Argentina. El Ateneo, Pedro Garcia S.A.L.E. e I., Dpto. Compras - Importation, Patagones 2463, 1282 Buenos Aires. Egypt. ICAO Representative, Middle East and Eastern African Office, 16 Hassan Sabri, Zamalek, Cairo. France. Representant de I'OACI, Bureau Europe, 3bis, villa Emile-Bergerat, 92522 Neuilly-sur-Seine, Cedex. India. Oxford Book and Stationery Co., Scindia House, New Delhi or 17 Park Street, Calcutta. Japan. Japan Civil Aviation Promotion Foundation, 15- 12, 1-chome, Toranomon, Minato-Ku, Tokyo. Mexico. Representante de la OACI, Oficina Norteamerica y Caribe, Apartado postal 5-377, Mexico 5, D.F. Peru. Representante de la OACI, Oficina Sudamerica, Apartado 4127, Lima 100. Senegal. Representant de l'OACI, Bureau Afrique, Boite postale 2356, Dakar. Spain. Libreria de Aeronautica y Astronautics Sumaas, Desengaiio, 12-3'-3, Madrid 13. Sweden. C.E. Fritzes Kungl. Hovbokhandel, Box 16356, S-103 27 Stockholm. Thailand. ICAO Representative, Asia and Pacific Office, P.O. Box 614, Bangkok. United Kingdom. Civil Aviation Authority, Printing and Publications Services, Greville House, 37 Gratton Road, Cheltenham, Glos., GL5O 2BN. Do yqu receive the ICAO BULLETIN The ICAO Bulletin contains a concise account of the activities of the Organization as well as articles of interest to the aeronautical world. The Bulletin will also keep you up to date on the latest ICAO publica- tions, their contents, amendments, supplements, corrigenda, and prices. Available in three separate editions English, French and Spanish. Annual subscription U.S. 1 5.00 surface mail U.S. 20.00 air mail.
TABLE OF CONTENTS Page I INTRODUCTION Terms of Reference. Objectives and Scope of the Study ............ Data Sources ..................................................... Analysis and Statistical Methodology ............................. Selection of City-Pairs and Route Groups ......................... City-Pair Distances Used for Analysis ............................ Selection of Fares and Rates ..................................... Currencies ....................................................... Selection of Survey Period ....................................... Structure of the Study ........................................... I1 SUMMARY AND COMPARISONS Introductory Remarks ............................................. Distribution of City-Pairs by Route Group ........................ Distribution of International City-Pairs by Distance and by Route Group .................................... A . PASSENGER FARES Relationship between Estimated Normal Economy Fares and Distance .. Comparative Level of Normal Economy Fares by Route Group ......... Changes in Level of Normal Economy Fares between 1980 and 1981 ... Special Fares .................................................... B . CARGO RATES Relationship between Estimated General Cargo Rates for Small Shipments and Distance ................................... Comparative Level of General Cargo Rates for Small Shipments by Route Group ....................................... Changes in Level of General Cargo Rates for Small Shipments between 1980 and 1981 ................................ Other Cargo Rates ................................................ I11 FARES AND RATES BY ROUTE GROUP .......... 1 . Between North America and Central AmericaICaribbean ......... 2 . Between and Within Central America and the Caribbean 3 . Between Canada. Mexico and the United States ................. 4 . Between North Americalentral AmericaICaribbean and South America .......................................... 5 . Local South America .......................................... 6 . Local Europe .................................................
ii ICAO Circular 168-AT163 Table of Contents ct'd Page 111 FARES AND RATES BY ROUTE GROUP ct'd Local Middle East ................................................. 51 Local Africa ...................................................... 56 Between Europe and Middle East .................................... 61 Between EuropeIMiddle East and Africa ............................. 66 North Atlantic ..................................................... 71 ...................................................... Mid Atlantic 76 South Atlantic .................................................... 81 Local Asia/Pacific ................................................ 86 Between urope/Middle EastIAfrica and AsiaIPacific ................ 91 North and Mid Pacific ........................................ 96 South Pacific ..................................................... 101 . APPENDICES 1 . Currency Conversion Rates .............................................. 107 2 . Statistical Methodology and Equations .................................. 111
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