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Circular 125
Survey of International Air Transport Fares and Rates (September 1974)
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CIRCULAR I SURVEY OF INTERNATIONAL AIR TRANSPORT FARES AND RATES SEPTEMBER 1974 Approved by the Secretary General and published under his authority INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION ORGANIZATION MONTREAL CANADA
Fublished in separate English, Frenclt and Spanish editions by the International Civil Aviation Organization. AN correspondence, except orders and subscriptions, slrould be addressed to the Secretary General of ICAO, International Aviation Building, 1080 University street, Montreal 101, Quebec, Cnnada. Orders for this publication should be sent to one of the following addresses, together with the appropriate remittance by bank draft or post office money order in U.S. dollars or the currency of the country in which the order is placed or in a freely convertible currency Canada Information Canada, Ottawa, On- Mexico Representante de la OACI, Oficlna tario. NorteamCrica y Caribe, Apartado postal 5-377, MCxico 5, D.F. Egypt Arab Republic of ICAO Represen- tative. Middle East and Eastern African Peru Representante de la OACI, ficina Office, 16 Hassan Sahri. Zamalek, Cairo. Sudamkrica, Apartado 41 27, Lima. Senegal ReprCsentant de I'OACI, Bureau France ReprCsentant de I'OACI, Bureau fi, B postale 2356, k. Europe. 3bls. villa Emile-Beruerat. 92 Neuilly- -. Sweden C.E. Fritzes Kungl. Hovbokhandel, Fredsgatan 2, Box 16356, Stockholm 16. Indis Oxford Book and CO" Thailand ICAO Representative, Far East Scindla New Delhi Or l7 Park Street' and Pacific Office, P.0. Box 614, Bangk3k. Calcutta. United Kingdom Civil Aviation Authority, Japan Japan Civil Aviation Promotion Printing and Publications Services, Grevile Foundation, No. 38 Shiba Kotohra-Cho. House, 37 Gratton Road, Cheltenham Glos., hlnato-Ku. Tokyo. GL50 2BN. international Civil Aviation Organization Attention. Distribution Officer, Internaional .4v1ation Building. 1080 University Strcet, Montreal 101. Quebec, Canada. Do you receive the ICAO BULLETIN The ICAO Bulletin contains a concise account of the activrtrer of the Organization as well as articles of interest to the oero- nautical world. The Bulletin will also keep you up to date on the latest lCAO publications, their contents, amendments, supplements, corri- genda, and prices. Available in three smparstm Odltionr English. French and Sanih. Annuml SubScriDtlon U.S. 9.00 urfaca mail U.S. 17.00 air mail.
TABLE OF CONTENTS Page INTRODUCTION 1 Terms of reference. objectives and scope of study ....................... 1 Data Sources ............................................................ 1 Analysis and statistical methodology .................................... 2 Selection of city-pairs and route groups ................................ 2 City-pair distances used for analysis ................................... 4 Selection of fares and rates ............................................ 4 Currencies .............................................................. 6 Selection of survey period .............................................. 6 Structure of the study .................................................. 7 I I SUMMARY AND COMPARISONS 9 Introductory remarks .................................................... 9 Distribution of city-pairs by route groups .............................. 9 Distribution of international city-pairs by distance and by route group .. 11 A . PASSENGER FARES 13 Comparison of estimated normal economy and excursion fares for the world . 13 ................. Comparative level of normal economy fares by route group 14 .............. Comparative level of economy excursion fares by route group 14 .......... Increase in level of normal economy fares between 1973 and 1974 14 Increase in level of excursion fares between 1973 and 1974 ............... 18 Relative availability of excursion fares by route group .................. 18 ......... Availability of other types of scheduled international air fares 20 B . CARGO RATES 22 Comparison of estimated general cargo rates .............................. 22 Comparative level of cargo rates for shipments of less than 45 kilos by route group ............................................................ 23 ....... Comparative level of cargo rates for large shipments by route group 23 Increase in level of general cargo rates between 1973 and 1974 ........... 23 C . UNIT REVENUES IN 1973 2 6 General observations ..................................................... 26 Average unit passenger revenues from scheduled services .................. 26 Average unit freight revenues from scheduled services .................... 26 Average passenger revenues from non-scheduled operations ................. 26 I11 FARES AND RATES BY ROUTE GROUP 2 9 1 . Between North America and Central America/Caribbean and between and .............................. within Central America and the Caribbean 29 2 . Between Canada. Mexico and the United States ............................. 35 3 . Between North America/Central America/Caribbean and South America ....... 41 4 . Local South America ..................................................... 47 . ............................................................ 5 LocalEurope 53
i i ICAO Circllar 125-AT/35 Page Local Middle East ....................................................... 59 Local Africa ............................................................ 65 Between Europe and Middle East ........................................ 71 Between Europe/Middle East and Africa .................................. 77 North Atlantic ......................................................... 83 Mid Atlantic ........................................................... 89 South Atlantic ......................................................... 95 ............................ Local South and East Asia and South Pacific 101 ... Between Europe/Middle East and South and East Asia and South Pacific 107 ................... Between Africa and South and East AsiajSouth Pacific 113 .................................................. North and Mid Pacific 119 South Pacific .......................................................... 125 APF'EIVDI CES ............................................... 1 . Replies to Questionnaire 131 2 . Statistical Methodology and Equations .................................. 133 3 . Currency Conversion Rates .......................................... 139
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