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Circular 143
Survey of International Air Transport Fares and Rates (September 1977)
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CIRCULAR Cl RCU LAR 143-AT148 I SURVEY OF INTERNATIONAL AIR TRANSPORT FARES AND RATES SEPTEMBER 1977 Approved b y the Secretary General and published under his authority I 1978 INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION ORGANIZATION MONTREAL CANADA
Published in separate English, French and Spanish editions by the International Civil Aviation Organization. All correspondence, except orders and subscriptions, should be addressed to the Secretary General of ICAO, P. 0. Box 400, Succursale Place de l'Aviation internationale, I000 Sherbrooke Street West, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 2R2. Orders for this publication should be sent to one of the following addresses, together with the appropriate remittance by bank draft or post office money order in U.S. dollars or the currency of the country in which the order is placed. International Civil Aviation Organization. Attention Distribution Officer, P.O. Box 400, Succursale Place de 1'Aviation intenationale, 1000 Sherbrooke Street West, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 2R2 Egypt Arab Republic of. ICAO Representative, Middle East and Easten African Office, 16 Hassan Sabri, Zamalek, Cairo. France. Reprbsentant de l'OACI, Bureau Europe, 3bis, villa Ernile-Bergerat, 92200 Neuilly-sur-Seine. India. Oxford Book and Stationery Co., Scindia House, New Delhi or 17 Park Street, Calcutta. Japan. Japan Civil Aviation Promotion Foundation, No. 38 Shiba Kotohira-Cho, Minato-Ku, Tokyo. Mexico. Representante de la OACI, Oficina Norteambrica y Caribe, Apartado postal 5-377, Mtxico 5, D.F. Peru. Representante de la OACI, Oficina Sudambrica, Apartado 41 27, Lima. Senegal. Reprbsentant de I'OACI, Bureau Afrique, Boite postale 2356, Dakar. Spain. Libreria de Aeronhutica y Astronhutica Sumaas, Desengdo, 12-30-3, Madrid 13. Sweden. C.E. Fritzes Kungl. Hovbokhandel, Fredsgatan 2, Box 16356, Stockholm 16. Thailand. ICAO Representative, Far East and Pacific Office, P.O. Box 614, Bangkok. United Kingdom. Civil Aviation Authority, Printing and Publications Services, Greville House, 37 Gratton Road, Cheltenham, Glos., GL50 2BN. Do you receive the ICAO BULLETIN The ICAO Bulletin contains a concise account of the activities of the Organization as well as articles of interest to the aeronautical world. The Bulletin will also keep you up to date on the latest ICAO publica- tions, their contents, amendments, supplements, corrigenda, and prices. Available in three separate editions English, French and Spanish. Annual subscription U.S.15.00 surface mail U.S.S20.00 air mail.
TABLE OF CONTENTS Page I INTRODUCTION Terms of reference. objectives and scope of study ......................... 1 Data sources .............................................................. 1 Analysis and statistical methodology ...................................... 2 Selection of city-pairs and route groups .................................. 2 City-pair distances used for analysis ..................................... 4 Selection of fares and rates ........................................ 4 Currencies ................................................................ 6 Selection of survey period ................................................ 6 Structure of the study .................................................... 6 II SUMMARY AND COMPARISONS Introductory remarks ...................................................... 7 1 Distribution of city-pairs by route groups ................................ 7 Distribution of international city-pairs by distance and by route group ............................................................ 9 A- PASSENGER FAFES Comparison of estimated normal economy and excursion fares for the world . . 11 Comparative level of normal economy fares by route group .................. 12 ........ Coqarative level of lowest economy excursicn fares bv route group 12 Increase in level of normal economy fares between 1976 and 1977 ........... 15 Changes in level of excursion fares between 1976 an2 1977 ................. 15 Relative availability of excursion fares by route group ................... 17 'lvailability of other types of scheduled international air fares .......... 17 3- CARGO FATES ............................... Ccmparison of estimated general cargo rates 19 Comparative level of cargo rates for shipments of less than 45 kilogrammes by route group ............................................................ 20 Comparative level of cargo rates for large shipments by route group ....... 20 Iricrease in level of general cargo rates between 1976 and 1977 ............ 23
ii ICAO Circular 143-48 PaRe I11 FARES AND RATES BY ROUTE GROUP 1 . Between North America and Central America/Caribbean and between and ............................ within Central America and the the Caribbean 25 ............................ 2 . Between Canada. Mexico and the United States 30 ....... 3 . Between North America/Central America/aribbean and South America 35 4 . Local South Amegica ..................................................... 40 5 . Local Europe ............................................................ 45 6 . Local Middle East ....................................................... 50 7 . Local Africa ............................................................ 55 8 . Between Europe and Middle East ........................................ 60 . ................................... 9 Between uroe/Middle East and Africa 65 ........................................................... . 10 North Atlantic 70 11 . Mid Atlantic ............................................................ 75 .......................................................... 12 . South Atlantic 80 ........................ 13 . Local South and East Asia and South West Pacific 84 14 . Between Europe/Middle East and South and East Asia and South ............................................................ West Pacific 89 15 . Between Africa and South and East Asia/South West Pacific ............... 94 . 16 North and Mid Pacific ................................................... 98 . ........................................................... 17 South Pacific 103 APPEND1 CES ............................................... 1 . Currency Conversion Rates 109 2 . Statistical Methodology and Equations ................................... 113 .......
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