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Circular 176
Survey of International Air Transport Fares and Rates (September 1982)
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CIRCULAR SEPTEMBER 1982 SURVEY OF INTERNATIONAL AIR TRANSPORT. FARES AND RATES Approved by the Smtary General and publided under his authority I I I INTERNATIONAL ClVlL AVIATION ORGANIZATION MONTREAL CANADA
Published in separate English, French, Russian and SpnnisA editions by the Ititernational Civil Aviation Organization. All correspondence, except orders and subscriprions. skould h addressed re the Secretary General. Orders for this publication should be sent to one of the following addresses, together with the appropriate remittance by bank draft or post office money order in U.S. dollars or the currency of the courttry in which the order is placed. Document Sales Unit International Civil Ariation Organization 1000 Sherbrooke Street West, Suite 400 Montreal, Quebec Canada H3A 2R2 Argentina. El Ateneo, Pedro Garcia S.A.L.E. e I., Dpto. Compras - Imrmci611, Patagones 2463, 1282 Buenos Aires. Egypt. ICAO Representative, Middle East and Eastern African Office, E 6 Hassan Sabri, Zamalek, Cairo. France. eresentant de I'OAC1, Bureau Europe, 3bis, villa Emib-Bergerat, 92522 Neuilly-sur-kine, Cedex. India, Oxford Book and Stationery Ca., Scindia House, New Delhi or 17 Park Smt, Calcutta. Japan. Japan Civil Aviation Promotion Foundation, 15-1 2, I -cborne, Toranomon, Minaro-Ku, Tokyo. Mexico. Representante de la OACI, Oficina Norteam6rica y Carik, Apartado postal 5-377, Mexiw 5, D.F. Peru, Represenante de la OACI, Oficina Sudamerica, Apartado 4127, Lima 100. Senegal, Reprhntant de I'OAQ, Bureau Afrique, Boite postale 2356, Dakar. Spain. Libreria de Aetonautica y Asironiutica Sumas. Desengak, 12-3s3, Madrid 13. Thailand. lCAO Representative, Asia and Pacific Office, P.O. Box 614, Bangkok. United Kingdom. Civil Aviation Authority, Printing and Publications Services, GrevUle House, 3 7 Gratton Road, Cheltenharn, Glos., GLSO 2BN. Do you receive the ICAO BULLETIN The lCAO Bulletin contains a concise account of the activies of the Organization as well as articles of interest to the aeronautical world. The Bulletin will also keep you up to dWe on the latest lCAO publics- tions, their contents, amendments, supplements, corrigenda, and prim. Available in thns separate editions English. Fmch and Spanish. Annual subscription U.S. 1 5.00 burface mail U.S. 20.00 air maill
TABLE OF CONTENTS Page I INTRODUCTION ............ Terms of Reference. Objectives and Scope of the Study Data Sources ..................................................... Analysis and Statistical Methodology ............................. Selection of City-Pairs and Route Groups ......................... City-Pair Distances Used for Analysis ............................ Selection of Fares and Rates ..................................... Currencies ....................................................... ....................................... Selection of Survey Period Structure of the Study ........................................... I1 SUMMARY AND COMPARISONS Introductory Remarks ............................................. Distribution of International City-Pairs by Route Group .......... Distribution of International City-Pairs by Distance and by Route Group .................................... A . PASSENGER FARES Relationship between Estimated Normal Economy Fares and Distance .. Comparative Level of Normal Economy Fares by Route Group ......... Changes in Level of Normal Economy Fares between 1981 and 1982 ... Special Fares .................................................... B . CARGO RATES Relationship between Estimated General Cargo Rates for Small Shipments and Distance ................................... Comparative Level of General Cargo Rates for Small Shipments by Route Group ....................................... Changes in Level of General Cargo Rates for Small Shipments between 1981 and 1982 ................................ Other Cargo Rates ................................................ I11 FARES AND RATES BY ROUTE GROUP 1 . Between North America and Central AmericaICaribbean .......... 2 . Between and Within Central America and the Caribbean ......... 3 . Between Canada. Mexico and the United States ................. 4 . Between North Americalentral AmericaICaribbean and South America .......................................... 5 . Local South America .......................................... 6 . Local Europe .................................................
if ICAO Circular 17b-AT/66 Table of Contents Cont . Page III FARES AND RATES BY ROUTE GROUP Cont. Local Middle East ............................................ 51 Local Africa .................................................. 56 Between Europe and Middle East .................................... 61 Between EuropeJMiddle East and Africa ............................. 66 North Atlantic .................................................... 71 Mid Atlantic ..................................................... 76 South Atlantic .................................................... 81 Local AsiaIPacffic ................................................ 86 Between urope/Middle East/Af rica and Asia/Pacif i c ................ gl North and Mid Paciffc ....................................... 96 South Pacific ..................................................... -101 APPENDICES 1 . Currency Conversion Rates ................................m............ . 107 2 . Statistical Methodology and Equations .................................. 111
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