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Circular 158
A Review of the Economic Situation of Air Transport 1969 - 1979
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ICAO CIRCULAR 158-AT157 CIRCULAR I 1980 A REVIEW OF THE ECONOMIC SITUATION OF AIR TRANSPORT 1969 - 1979 Approved by the Secretary General and published under his authority I INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION ORGANIZATION MONTREAL CANADA
Published in separate English, French, Russian and Spanish editions by the International Civil Aviation Organization. AN correspondence, except orders and subscriptions, should be addressed to the Secretary General of ICAO, P.O. Box 400, Place de I'Aviation internationale, 1000 Sherbrooke Street West, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 2R2. Orders for this publication should be sent to one of the following addresses, together with the appropriate remittance by bank draft or post office money order in U.S. dollars or the currency of the country in which the order is placed. International Civil Aviation Organization. Attention Distribution Officer, P.O. Box 400, Place de I'Aviation internationale, 1000 Sherbrooke Street West, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 222 Emf Arab Republic of. ICAO Representative, Middle East and Eastern African Office, 16 Hassan Sabri, Zamalek, Cairo. France. Representant de I'OACI, Bureau Europe, 3bis, villa Emile-Bergerat, 92200 Neuilly-sur-Seine. India. Oxford Book and Stationery Co., Scindia House, New Delhi or 17 Park Street, Calcutta. Japan. Japan Civil Aviation Promotion Foundation, No. 38 Shiba Kotohira-Cho, Minato-Ku, Tokyo. Mexico. Representante de la OACI, Oficina Norteamerica y Caribe, Apartado postal 5-377, Mexico 5, D.F. Peru. Representante de la OACI, Oficina Sudamkrica, Apartado 4127. Lima. Senegal. Representant de I'OACI, Bureau Afrique, Boite postale 2356, Dakar. Spain. Libreria de Aeronautica y Astronautics Sumaas, Desengaiio, 12-3O-3, Madrid 13. Sweden. C.E. Fritzes Kungl. Hovbokhandel, Fredsgatan 2, Box 16356, Stockholm 16. Thailand. ICAO Representative, Far East and Pacific Office, P.O. Box 614, Bangkok. United Kingdom. Civil Aviation uthority, Printing and Publications Services, Greville House, 37 Gratton Road, Cheltenham, Glos., GL5O 2BN. Do you receive the ICAO BULLETIN The ICAO Bulletin contains a concise account of the activities of the Organization as well as articles of interest to the aeronautical world. The Bulletin will also keep you up to date on the latest ICAO publica- tions, their contents, amendments, supplements, corrigenda, and prices. Available in three separate editions English, French and Spanish. Annual subscription U.S.Sl5.W surface mail U.S.20.00 air mail
FOREWORD Terms of Reference 1. This review is the sixth in a triennial series beginning with ICAO Circular 73-AT110 published in 1965 and followed by Circular 89-AT115 1968, Circular 105-AT126 1971, Circular 122-AT132 1974 and Circular 133-AT140 1977. After examination of the second review the Sixteenth Session of the Assembly, in September 1968, expressed the view that similar documents should be produced for each major Session as background material for the work of the Economic Commission. Coverage 2. Geographically the coverage of this review extends to the whole of the Organization's membership of 145 Contracting States as of 31 December 1979. The period covered extends from 1969 to 1979, data for those States which joined ICAO after 1968 having been included retroactively where possible. It must be emphasized, however, that data for 1979 are estimated on the basis of partial reporting for that year. As regards the subject, coverage extends to all activities of the scheduled airlines of Contracting States reported to ICAO for the years 1969 to 1979 and published in the statistical Series on aircraft on register, airline fleet and personnel, airline traffic, and airline financial data. The activities of the non-scheduled operators are covered less fully since data for these carriers, although supplemented from other sources, have been reported to ICAO only from 1971 and are still incomplete. Sources of information 3. In addition to the ICAO Digests of Statistics use has been made of many of the Organization's economic studies, such as the earlier editions of this review, and the series of regional studies dealing with the development of international air freight and air passenger transport. Use has also been made of the Annual Reports of the Council to the Assembly for the years 1969 to 1979.
4. Sources of information other than ICAO, referred to in the text, include the appropriate and most recently available statistical publications of the United Nations the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development UNCTAD the European Civil Avia- tion Conference ECAC the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development OECD the International Air Transport Association IATA the Association of European Airlines AEA the United States Civil Aeronautics Board CAB and the World Tourism Organization WTO . Second United Nations Development Decade 5. The Second United Nations Development Decade starting from 1 January 1971 was proclaimed by the General Assembly of the United Nations in October 1970. L/ On 21 January 1971 the Council of ICAO, at the second meeting of its seventy-second Session a noted, and expressed its intention of taking into account, the goals and objectives set in the Strategy adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations for the Second Development Decade b considered that the present general rate of growth in civil aviation activities was satisfactory, that for the foreseeable future States shauld therefore lay emphasis rather upon increasing the efficiency of the activities and on achieving a more balanced development of all civil aviation facilities, and that the ICAO statistical programme provided an adequate means of measuring progress in the development of international civil aviatibn and c emphasized that civil aviation could make a substantial contribution to development during the Second Development Decade. The present Review of the Economic Situation of Air Transport 1969-1979 covers the first nine years of the Second Development Decade and thus may be taken as an interim appraisal of the development of civil aviation in the 1970s. Status 6. This Circular has been approved and is published by authority of the Secretary General. 1/ See General Assembly Resolution 2641 xxV. -
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