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Circular 177
A Review of the Situation of Air Transport 1972 - 1982
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CIRCULAR A REVIEW OF THE ECONOMIC SITUATION OF AIR TRANSPORT 1972 - 1.982 Approved by the Secretsry General and publishad under his authority EHTERNATlONAL CIVIL ArVIATjQN ORGANlZATlON MONTREAL CANADA
Published in sepnrate English, French, Russian und Spanish editions by the Inletnutiowl Ctvii Aviation Organization. All correspondence, except orders and subscriptions, should be addressed to the Secrefaw Generol. Orders for this publication shou1d be sent to one of the following addresses, together with the appropriate remittance by bank draft or post ofice money order in U.S. dollars or the currency of the country in which the order is placed. Document Sales Unit International Civil Aviation Organization 1OOO Sherbrmke Street West, Suite 400 Man treaE, Quebec Canada H3A 2R2 Argentiroa. El Ateneo, Pedro Garcia S.A.L.E. e I., Dpm. Compras - Irnpartacihn, Fatagones 2463, 1282 Buenos Aires. Egypt. ICAO Represeniative, Middle East and Eastern African Ofice, 15 Hassan Sabri, Zamalek, Cairo. Fmce. Repdentant de I'OACI, Bureau Europe, 3bis, villa Emik-Bergerat, 92522 Nauil-sux-Seine, Cedex. Indfa. Oxford Book and Stationery Co., Scindia House, New Delhi or 17 Park Street, Calcutta, Japan. Japan Civil Aviation Promotion Foundation, 15-1 2, 1-chine, Toranomon, Minato-Ku, Tokyo. Mexico. Representante de la OACI, OfIim Norteamericla y Caribe, Apartado postal 5-377, Mexico 5, D.F. Peru. Representante de la OACI, Ofina Sudamerica, Apartado 4127, Lima 100. Senegal. Reprhwntant de I'OACI, Bureau Afrique, bite postale 2356, Dakar. Spain, Libreria de Aeroniutica y Astromiutica Sumaas, Desengaiio, 12-393, Madrid 13. Thailand. ICAO Representative, Asia and Pacific OfFa, P.O. Box 61 4. Bangkok. United Kingdom. Civil Aviation Autharity, Printing and Publications Services, Grevilie House, 37 Gratton Road, Cheltenham, Glos., GL50 2BN. Do you receive the ICAO BULLETIN The lCAO Bulletin contains a concise account of the activities of the Organization as well as articles of interest to the eemnautical wodd. The Bulletin will also ksep you up to date on the latest ICkO pubha- tims, thdr contmts, amendments, supplements, corrigenda, and prices. Availabte in Ihm separata editiorm English. Fmh and Spanish. Annual subscription V.5. 1 5.00 Cswface mail U.S. 20.00 bir mail.
FOREWORD Terms of Reference 1. This review is the seventh in a triennial series beginning with ZCAO Circular 73-ATJ10 published in 1965 and followed by Circular 89-ATJ15 1968, Circular 105-AT 126 19 71 , Circular 122-AT/32 19 74 , Circular 133-bT/40 1977 and Circular 158-/57 1980. Mter examination of the second review, the Sixteenth Session of the Assembly expressed the view that similar documents should be produced for each major Session as background material for the work of the Economic Cdssion, 2. The coverage of this review extends to the whole of the Organization's member- ship of 150 Contracting States as of 31 December 1983 for the period from 1972 to 1982, data for those States which joined ICM after 1968 having been included retroactively where possible. Data for 1982 has been estimated on the basis of partial reporting for that year. Coverage extends ro all activities of the scheduled airlines of Contracting States reported to ICAO for the years 1972 to 1982 and published in the statistical Series on aircraft on register, airline fleet and personnel, airline traffic, and airline financial data. The activities of the non-scheduled operators are covered less fully since data for these carriers, although supplemented from other sources, are somewhat incomplete . Sources of Information 3. In addition to the ICAO Mgests of Statistics use has been made of many of the Organization's economic studies, such as the earlier editions of this review, and the series of regional studies dealing with the development of international air freight and air passenger transport. Use has also been made of the Annual Reports of the Council to the Assembly for the years 1972 to 1982. 4. Sources of information other than ICAO, ref erred to in the text, include the appropriate and most recently available statistical publications of the United Nations the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development UNCTAQ the European Civil Aviation Conference ECAC the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development OECD the International Air Transport Association IATA the Association of European Airlines AEA the United States Civil Aeronautics Board CAB the World Tourism Organization WTO the International Monetary Fund IMF and the World Bank. Status - 5. This Circular has been approved and is published by authority of the Secretary General.
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