CIRCULAR THE ECONOMIC SITUATION OF AIR TRANSPORT REVIEW AND OUTLOOK Approved by the Secretary Genera/ and published under his authority IMTERNATIONAL ClVTL AV1Af ION ORGANlZATlON MONTREAL CANADA
Published in separaie English, French, Russian and Spanish editions by the International Civil A viation Organization. All correspondence, except orders and subscript ions, should be addressed to the Secretary General. Orders for this publication should be sent to one of the following addresses, together with the appropriate remittance by bank draft or post office money order in U.S. dotlars or the currency of the country in which the order is' placed. Document Sales Unit International Civil Aviation Organization 1OQO Sherbrooke Street West, Suite 400 Montreal, Quebec Canada H3A 2R2 Argentina. El Ateneo, Pedro Garcia S.A.L.E. e I., Dpto. Compras - lmportacib, Patagones 2463, 1282 Buenos Aires. Egypt. ICAO Representative, Middle East and Eastern African Office, 16 Hassan Sabri, Zamalek, Cairo. France. Reprgsentant de I'OACI, Bureau Europe, 3 bis, villa Emile-Bergerat, 92522 Neuilly -sue-Seine Cedex. India. Oxford Book and Stationery Co., Scindia House, New Delhi or 17 Park Street, Calcutta. Jupan. Japan Civil Aviation Promotion Foundation, 15- 1 2, l -chorne. Toranomon, Minato-Ku, Tokyo. Kenya. ICAO Representative, Eastern African Office, United Nations Accommodation, P.O. BOX 46294 Nairobi. Mexico. Representante de la OACI, Oficina Norteamtrica y Caribe, Apartado postal 5-377, C.P. 11590, Mexico 5, D.F. Pem. Representante de la OACI, Oficina Sudamkica, Apartado 4127, Lima 100. Senegal. Representant de I'OACI, Bureau Afrique, Boite postale 2356, Dakar. Spain. Librrria de Aeronautica y Astronhutica Surnaas, Desengado, 12-3O-3, Madrid 13. Thaiiand. ICAO Representative, Asia and Pacific Office, f .O. Box 614, Bangkok. United Xigdom. CiviI Aviation Authority, Printing and Publications Services. Greville House, 37 Gratton Road, Cheltenham, Glos., GL50 2BN. Do you receive the ICAO BULLETIN The ICAO Bulletin contains a concise account of the activities of the Organization as well as articles of interest to the aeronautical world. The Bulletin will also keep you up to date on the latest ICAO publications, their contents, amendments, supplements, corrigenda and prices. Available in three separate editions English, French and Spanish. Annual subscription U.S.15.00 surface mail U.S.20.00 air mail.
FOREWORD Terms of Reference 1. This review is the eighth in a triennial series beginning with ICAO Circular 73-AT110 published in 1965 and followed by Circular 89-AT115 1968, Circular 105-AT126 19711, Circular 122-AT132 1974, Circular 133-AT140 19771, Circular 158-AT157 1980 and Circular 177-AT167 1983. After examination of the second review, the Sixteenth Session of the Assembly expressed the view that similar documents should be produced for each major Session as background material for the work of the Economic Commission. Coverage 2. The coverage of this review extends to the whole of the Organization's membership of 156 Contracting States as of 31 December 1985 for the period from 1975 to 1985, data for new Member States having been included retroactively where possible. Data for 1985 has been estimated on the basis of partial reporting for that year. Coverage extends to all activities of the scheduled airlines of Contracting States reported to ICAO for the years 1975 to 1985 and published in the statistical Series on aircraft on register, airline fleet and personnel, airline traffic, and airline financial data. The activities of the non-scheduled operators are covered less fully since data for these carriers, although supplemented from other sources, are somewhat incomplete. Sources of Information 3. In addition to the ICAO Digests of Statistics use has been made of many of the Organization's economic studies, such as the earlier editions of this review, and the series of regional studies dealing with the development of international air freight and air passenger transport. Use has also been made of the Annual Reports of the Council to the Assembly for the years 1975 to 1985. 4. Sources of information other than ICAO, referred to in the text, include the appropriate and most recently available statistical publications of the United Nations the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development UNCTAD the European Civil Aviation Conference ECAC the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development OECD the International Air Transport Association IATA the Association of European Airlines AEA the United States Civil Aeronautics Board CAB and the Department of Transportation DOT the World Tourism Organization WTO the International Monetary Fund IMF and the World Bank. Status 5. This Circular has been approved and is published by authority of the Secretary General.
THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK