CIRCULAR A REVIEW OF THE ECONOMIC SITUATION OF AIR TRANSPORT Approved by the Secretary General and published under his authority I INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION ORGANIZATION MONTREAL CANADA
Published in separate English, French, Spanish and Russian editions by the Irzter- tzational Civil Aviation Organization. All correspondence, except orders and sub- scriptiolzs, should be addressed to the Secretary General of ICAO, International Aviution Building, 1080 University Street, Montreal 101, Quebec, Canada. Orders for this publication should be sent to one of the following addresses, together with the appropriate remittance by bank draft or post office money order in U.S. dollars or the currency of the country in which the order is placed or in a freely convertible currency Canada Information Canada, Ottawa, On- Mexico Representante de la OACI, Oficina tario. Norteambrica y Caribe, Apartado postal 5-377, Mexico 5, D.F. Egypt Arab Republic of ICAO Represen- tative, Middle East and Eastern African Peru Representante de la OACI, Oficina Office, 16 Hassan Sabri, Zamalek, Cairo. SudamCrica, Apartado 4 127, Lima. France Representant de I'OACI, Bureau Europe, 3bi5, villa Emile-Bergerat, 92 Neuilly- sur-Seine. India Oxford Book and Stationery Co., Scindia House, New Delhi or 17 Park Street, Calcutta. Japan Japan Civil Aviation Promotion Foundation, No. 38 Shiba Kotohira-Cho, hlinato-Ku, Tokyo. Senegal Representant de I'OACI, Bureau Afrique, Boite postale 2356, Dakar. Sweden C.E. Fritzes Kungl. Hovbokhandel, Fredsgatan 2, Box 16356, Stockholm 16. Thailand ICAO Representative, Far East and Pacific Office, P.O. Box 614, Bangkok. United Kingdom Her Majesty's Stationery Office, P.O. Box 569, London, S.E. 1. International Civil Aviation Organization Attention Distribution Officer, International Aviation Building, 1080 University Street, Montreal 101, Quebec, Canada. Do you receive the lCAO BULLETIN The ICAO Bulletin contains a concise account of the activities of the Organization as well as articles of interest to the aero- nautical world. The Bulletin will also keep you up to date on the latest ICAO publications, their contents, amendments, supplements, corri- genda, and prices. Available in three separate editions English, French and Spanish. Annu81 subscription U.S. 9.00 surface mail U.S. 17.00 air mail.
Terms of reference 1. This review is the fourth in a triennial series beginning with ICAO Circular 73-AT/10 published in June 1965 and followed by Circular 89-AT115 in July 1968 and Circular 105-m/26 in April 1971. After examination of the second review the Sixteenth Session of the Assembly, in September 1968, expressed the view that similar documents should be produced for each major Session as back ground material for the work of the Economic Commission. Cover age 2. Geographically the coverage of this review extends to the whole of the Organization's membership of 128 Contracting States as of 31 December 1973, except the two major States for which data are not available China and, prior to 1970, the USSR. Data for those other States which joined ICAO after 1962 have been included retroactively. In time, the coverage extends from 1963 to 1972 and, in some cases, 1973. It must be emphasised, however, that data for 1973 are provi- sionally estimated on the basis of partial reporting for that year. Attention must also be drawn to the fact that the instability in international currency exchange rates that developed in 1972 and 1973, and the devaluation of the United States dollar in February 1973, mean that the financial data for 1973, and to some extent for 1972, expressed in dollars, must be treated with some reserve. As regards subject, coverage extends to all activities of the scheduled airlines of Contracting States reported to ICAO for the years 1963 to 1973 and published in the statistical Series on aircraft on register, airline fleet and personnel, airline traffic, and airline financial data. The activities of the non-scheduled operators are covered less fully since data for these carriers, although supplemented from other sources, have been reported to ICAO only for the two years 1971 and 1972 and are still incomplete. Sources of information 3. In addition to the ICAO Digests of Statistics use has been made of many of the Organization's economic studies, such as the earlier editions of this review, the two series of regional studies dealing with the development of inter- national air freight and air passenger transport, and others listed on the back cover of this circular. Use has also been made of the Annual Reports of the Council to the Assembly for the years 1963 to 1973.
i i lCAO Circular 122-AT/32 4. Sources of information other than ICAO, referred to in the text, include the appropriate and most recently available statistical publications of the United Nations the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development UMCTAD the European Civil Aviation Conference ECAC the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development OECD the International Air Transport Association IATA the Association of European Airlines AEA formerly the European Airlines Research Bureau - EARB the United States Civil Aeronautics Board CAB and the International Union of Official Travel Organizations. Second United Nations Development'Dticde 5 The Second United Nations Development Decade starting from 1 January 1971 was proclaimed by the General Assembly of the United Nations in October 1970. Oa 21 January 1971 the Council of ICAO, at the second meeting of its seventy-second Session a Noted, and expressed its intention of taking into account, the goals and objectives set in the Strategy adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations for the Second Development Decade b Considered that the present general rate of growth in civil aviation activities was satisfactory , that for the foreseeable future States should therefore lw emphasis rather upon increasing the efficiency of the activities and on achieving a mre balanced developnumt of all civil aviation facilities, and that the ICAO statistical programme provided an adequate means of measuring progress in the development of international civil aviation and c Emphasized that civil aviation could make a substantial contribution to development during the Second Developnent Decade. The present Review of the Economic Situation of Air Transport 1963-1973 covers the first three years of the Second Development Decade and thus may be taken ss an interim partial appraisal of the development of civil aviation in the 1970s. 6. This Circular has been approved and is published by authority of the Secretary General. 1/ See General Assembly Resolution 2641 XXV. -