Circular 1 14-ATn0 A 00 CIRCULAR DEVELOPMENT OF INTERNATIONAL AIR PASSENGER TRAVEL EUROPE P-d by tbe Secmwy GmJ and puhliahed by dmsion of the CwnciI INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION ORGANIZATION i - . MONTREAL CANADA
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DEKELOPmNT OF INTERNATTONAL AIR PASSENGER TRAVEL - EUROPE FOREWORD Oriin ana overall objective 1. This Study is the fifth in a regional series on the development of international air passenger travel cdled for by the Assembly of the International Civil Aviation Organization in Resolutions A15-17 and A18-20 the texts of which are given in Appendix 1. The four preceding studies dealt with other regions as follows Africa Circular 80-AT/13, 1967 Latin America and the Caribbean circular 90-ATj16, 1968 The Middle East Circular 93-AT/17, 1969 East and South Asia and the Pacific Circular 108-/27, 1972 The basis for the Assembly's action was a general recognition of a the importance, particularly for developing States, of an accelerated expansion of air transport services b the dependence of this expansion on the development of the air passenger market, and especially of tourism and c the benefit that States wouldderive from studies designed to further this development. The overall obgective for the series was defined by the Assembly Resolution 18-20 as being "to assist States by providing current information on trends and developments, indicating obstacles to further development, and measures to overcome these obstacles". Terms of reference 2. Matters listed by the Assembly as requiring consideration in these studies were a the relative importance of air tourist traffic to the economies of States, and the economic environment for air tourist travel
ii I CAO Circular 114-/29 b the relationship of increased travel to scheduled and non-scheduled carriers engaged in the transportation of international air traffic in terms of i capacity, schedules and traffic flow ii fares and costs and iii anticipated technological developments and c any significant problems or obstacles which may be hindering the development of international air tourist travel. 3 The Assembly also indicated that, in carrying out these studies, Contracting States, IATA, and other international organizations should be consulted as appropriate, and that copies of the completed studies should be forwarded to these entities for consideration and action. Scope of the Study 4. Starting from these general terms of reference and bearing in mind Article 44 of the Chicago Convention which states that the role of ICAO is "to foster the planning and development of international air transport so as to ... meet the needs of the peoples of the vorld for safe, regular, efficient and economical air transport", this Study has been planned, as far as resources and data permit,, to describe observable trends in the development of international scheduled and non- scheduled air passenger services to, from and within Europe, to draw attention to significant problems, and, where appropriate, to suggest measures to deal with these problems. For present purposes Europe is taken to comprise the twenty-eight Contracting States and six non-Contracting States listed in Appendix 2. Being an air transport study it does not deal with the technical problems of air navigation, but rather with questions of organization, administration, economics, finance, and the facilitation of international travel. In accordance with the terns of reference the Study generally does not deal with domestic air transport nor with air freight and mail operations. 5. In describing trends and developments and prospects for the future an attempt has been made to cover the points of view, not only of national civil aviation and tourist authorities, but also of air carriers, airports, tour operators, and the general public. Coverage includes the international air passenger services within, to and from Europe provided by both the scheduled and non-scheduled operators registered in Europe and those registered in other parts of the world. Air transport activities have been considered in the context of the general economic situation, and particularly in relation to the development of the travel industry as a whole and the parts played by the competing modes of transport - rail, road and sea.