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Circular 80
Development of International Air Passenger Travel - Africa
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CIRCULAR DEVELOPMENT OF INTEI-lTI I IIAL AIR PASSENGER . RAVEL - AFRICA Prep by tk Sacretarlot and issued mdar I dissctian ,of a Council i IMTERMATION4L CIVIL AVI4f 1ON ORGAY IZATIQIY MONTREAL . CANADA
DEVELOPMENT OF INTERNATIONAL AIR PASSENGER TRAVEL - AFRICA FOREWORD Terms of reference 1 This study of measures to further the development of international air passenger travel to, from and within Africa has been undertaken in response to a resolutiod adopted by the Assembly of We International Civil Aviation Organization at its Fifteenth Session in July 1965. The basis for this Assembly action was a general recognition, first of the importance, particularly for developing States, of an acceler- ated expansion of air transport second that this largely depends on the development of the air passenger market third of the dependence of such accelerated development on the growth of tourismL/ and fourth of the benefit that States would derive from studies designed to further this development. With this broad objective, the Assembly agreed that during the period 1966 to 1968 a series of such studies should be undertaken with priority given to the developing regions, in the first instance the region of Africa. 2. Matters listed by the Assembly as requiring consideration in these studies were a the relative importance of air tourist traffic to the economies of States, and the economic environment for air tourist travel b the relationship of increased travel to scheduled and non- scheduled carriers engaged in the transportation of international air traffic in terms of i capacity, schedules and traffic flow ii fares and costs and iii anticipated technological developments and c any significant problems or obstacles which may be hindering the development of international air tourist travel. 3, The Assembly also indicated that, in carrying out these studies, Contracting States, IATA, and other international organizations should be consulted as appropriate, and that copies of the completed studies should be forwarded to these entities for con- sideration and action. In approving the Secretariatas plan for the study for the African region, the Air Transport Committee of ICAO agreed that the international organizations other than IATA that should be consulted were UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development and IUOTO International Union of Official Travel Organizations, I/ Resolution A15-17, the textof whichis given in Appendix 1. - 21 For the meaning of lftourist" and 'ltourism" see General Notes on page viii. -
ii ICAO Circular 80-AT/ 13 UNCTAD, it was understood, was proposing to carry out basic studies of tourism within the economies of developing countries but did not expect to produce any results until 1967 or later, These studies, when completed, should provide a basis for assessing "the relative importance of air tourist traffic to the economies of Statesat, one of the matters listed by the Assembly for consideration, IUOTO had agreed to undertake a preliminary surey of the development of turisrn in Africa to b completed during 1946,g Obiectives and scove 4, The primary objective of this study is accordingly to assist the developing States of Africa by elucidating measures to accelerate the growth of air passenger travel between their territories and between Africa and other regions, Because of the de- pendence of such accelerated growth on the development of tourism, the secondary objective Is to explore measures to foster the growth of air tourism, In considering the requirements of air transport and those of the tourist industry, due regard is paid to the terms of ICAOts Convention which states that the role of the Organization is "to foster the planning and development of international air transport so as to . , . meet the needs df the peoples of the avcrrld for safe, regular, efficient and economical air transporto .A/ 5. The special responsibility and competence of ICAO being in the field of international civil aviation, it follows that the development of air tourism is here dealt with from the aviation point of view and that the many non-aviation matters that affect the development of air tourism, such as accommodation, local surface transport, tourist services and amenities, publicity, and cost of living, are necessarily given rather summary consideration. These non-aviation aspects of African tourism are, however, dealt with more fully in the IUOTO study referred to in paragraph 3. Furthermore this ICAO study does not deal with the question of economics of tourism which has been dealt with by IUOTO in the Economic Review of World Tourism see Bibliography in Appendix 3 and will be covered by the UNCTAD studies mentioned in paragraph 3 above. 6. Defining the scope of this ICAO study it may be said that, in addition to being written from the aviation point of view, it is concerned, in accordance with its terms of reference, only with the transport of passengers by air, excluding from con- sideration the other categories of load, -- mail and cargo -- except in so far as these affect passenger services. Also following the terms of reference, it deals primarily with international air transport and considers domestic air services only incidentally and in so far as they have a direct bearing on the development of international services. Limitations imposed by data and resources 7. Limitations on the scope of the study are imposed by the inadequacies of the data available. For example, the ope rations of air charter companies, which are known to be of increasing' importance in a few African States, are dealt with much less fully than those of scheduled airlines because crf the shortage of precise information on the former and estimates of the elasticity of demand and of future traffic growth under 31 Pilot Survey of Africa's Tourism Prospects, IUOTO, Nov. 1966, - 4/ Convention on International Civil Aviation, Article 44. -
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Table Of Contents
COVER PAGE
FOREWORD
TABLE OF CONTENTS