CIRCULAR INTERNATIONAL AIR PASSENGER AND FREIGHT TRANSPORT LATIN AMERICA and the CARIBBEAN Prepared by the Secretary General 9hdTblished by decision of the Coumi/ INtERNATiONAL CIVIL AVIATiON ORGANIZATION MONTREAL CANADA
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IN'1'EWIAT IOWAL AIR PASSENGER AND FREIGHT TRANSPORT - LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN FOREWORD Origin and purpose 1, This Study is an examination of the recent development of international air passenger and air freight transport to, from and within the Latin America and Caribbean region and is one of a series produced in accordance with Resolution A18-20'adopted by the Assembly of the International Civil Aviation Organization in 1971. It is the sixth in the series to exaine both passenger and freight activities in contrast to earlier studies which dealt with these subjects separately. The first round in this continuing programme covering all regions of the world was completed with the publication of the North Araerican Study in 1976. The second and current round is tntended to be more cm- densed, recording the more recent air transport industry developments and trends. International air passenger and air freight transport Middle Cast Circular 167-ATj62 1982 Asia and the Pacific Circular 160-AT/50 1980 Africa Circular 147-AT/51 1979 Latin America and the Caribbean Circular 141-AT/46 1978 North America Circular 128-AT/37 1976 International air passenger transport Lurope Circular 116-ATj29 1973 Asia and the Pacific Circular 103-AT/Z7 1972 The Middle East Circular 93-ATll7 1969 Latin America and the Caribbean Circular 90-AT/16 1968 Africa Circular 80-AT/23 1967 International air freight transport Asia and the Pacific Circular 124-AT/34 1975 Africa Circular 104-AT/25 1971 Eur op e-Medit erranean Circular 97-AT/18 1970 Latin America and the Caribbean Doc. 8487-AT/720 1965 2. The Assembly's acrion was based on recognition of the importance of the efficient and economic development of international air passenger and air freight ser- vices as a means of furthering the expansion of tourism and trade. The objective of these studies is to assist States in the development of air transport services by providing current information on trends and developments in the air transport field, and by indicathg obstacles to further development and measures to overcome these obstacles. Scope of the Study 3. The region examined here and referred to as Latin America and the Caribbean, cortprises 29 sovereign States and four extra-regional States with dependent territories as shown in Mag 1 and in Appendix L. The Study is of the development of international air passenger and air freight services, to, from and within this region during the decade ending December 1982 within the constraints of available and reliable data. It concen- trates on questtons of organization, economics, finance and facilitation.
4. The Study is intended to be a general review of trends and developments and obstacles to further development. The work presupposes that, where necessary, States will make and implement their own plans for development. It is hoped, nevertheless, that this review will be of value in the preparation of these plans and in the formulation of policies. Sources and limits of information 5. One of the nain sources of information available to ICAO for this as for all air transport studies is the data regularly filed by Contracting States on Air Transport Reporting Forms and published in seven series of statistical digests Traffic, Traffic by Flight Stage, On Flight Origin and Destination, Airport Traffic, Fleet and Personnel, Civil Aircraft on Register and Financial Data. It may be noted that not all States are able to file all of the data requested and that there are still certain deficiencies in the statistical material that ICAO has agreed should be requested on the Reporting Forms. For example, no data are requested on the "true" origins and destinations of traffic, and traffic data are not reported for some important international airports. 6. To supplement the data available from the statistical programme, question- naires were addressed to the Contracting States in the region, and to the other ICAO States with airlines operating to the region. Replies to these questionnaires were received from the following Argentina Antigua Bahamas Belize Bermuda Bolivia Brazil Colombia Costa Rica Denmark Czechoslovakia France Germany, Fed. Rep. of Guatemala Haiti Italy Japan Netherlands , Kingdom of the Norway Mexico Panama South Africa Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States Uruguay Information was also obtained from 10 States in the region Bolivia, Erazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Mexico and Peru as a result of a mission undertaken by a member of the Headquarters Secretariat to establish direct personal contact with appropriate government, air carrier, and other officials. 7. Another source of information available for air transport studies is the large and constantly up-dated collection of material on hand at ICAO Headquarters, including completed ICAO studies, the periodical and occasional publications of national administrations and international organizations, the studies prepared by research agencies and individuals and the aviation press. A selected Bibliography is given in Appendix 15. Finalization of text 8. This Study, completed on the basis of the information gathered in the ways indicated above, was reviewed by the Air Transport Committee. Taking into account the comments made by the Committee, the present text was prepared by the Secretary General and published by decision of the Council of ICAO.