CIRCULAR DEVELOPMENT OF INTEKIATIONAL AIR PASSENGER TRAVEL EAST AND SOUTH ASIA AND PACIFIC INTERNATIONAL CtYlL AVIATION oRGANItATION MONTREAL CANADA
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FOREWORD Terms of reference 1. Phfs Study, designed to further the development of international air passenger travel, to, from and within East and South Asi ' yd the acifi/. is tb fourth in a series undertaken in response to a resolution adopted by the Assembly of the International Civil Aviation Organization at its Fifteenth Session in July 1965. The basis for this Assembly action was a general recognition of a the importance, particularly for developing States, of an accelerated expansion of air transport services b the dependence of this expansion on the development of the air passenger market, and especially of tourisj and c the benefit that States would derive from studies designed to further this development. With this orientation, the Assembly agreed that a series of such studies should be undertaken with priority given to the developing regions, in the first instance the region of Africa. The first Study in this series, relating to the region of Africa, was published in ,June 19674/ the second, relating to Latin America and the Caribbean, in July 196e2i and the third, relating to the Middle East, in September 1969 1. 2. Matters listed by the Assembly as requiring consideration in these studies were a the relative importance of air tourist traffic to the economies of States, and the economic environment for air t0uris.t travel 1/ This region, for the purposes of this Study, is taken to include the ICAO - Contracting States and the dependent territories listed in Appendices 2A and ZB. 2, Resolution A15-17, the text of which is given in Appendix 1. This resolution - has now been superseded by Resolution 8-20 also given in Appendix 1 which .- calls for the systematic continuation of regional studies on the development of international Passenger and freight transport. 3 For the meaning of "touristt' and "tourism" see Note 2 on page vi and Note 1 on page xx. - 4,' ICAO Circular 80-/13, - / ICAO Circular 90-AT/16. 6/ ICAO Circular 93-ATj17. -
ii ICAO Circular 108-AT27 b the relationship of increased travel to scheduled and non-scheduled carriers engaged in the transportation of international air traffic in terms of i capacity, scheduJes and traffic flow ii fares and costs and iii anticipated technological developments and c any significant problems or obstacles which may be hindering the development of international air tourist travel .u 3. The Assembly also indicated that, in carrying out these studies, Contracting States, IATA, and other international organizations should be consulted as appropriate, and that copies of the completed studies should be forwarded to these entities for consideration and action. 0b.lectives and scope 4. The primary objective of this Study is accordingly to assist the States of t and South Asia and the Pacific by describing and analysing relevant trends and developments, drawing attention to significant problems or obstacles , and suggesting measures to accelerate the growth of air passenger travel between their territories and between this and other regions. Because of the dependence of such accelerated growth on the development of tourism, the secondary objective is to explore measures to foster the growth of air tourism. In considering the requirements of air transport and those of the tourist industry, due regard is paid to the terms of ICP.Ots Convention which states that the role of the Organization is "to foster the planninr and development of international air transport so as to ... meet the needs of the peoples of the world for safe, regular, efficient and economical air transportn .g 5. The special responsibility and competence of ICAO being in the field of international civil aviation, it fellows that the development of air tourism is here dealt with primarily from the aviatior point of view and that the many non-aviation matters that affect the development of air tourism, such as accomodation, local surface transport, tourist services and amenities, publicity, and cost of living, are necessarily given rather summary consideration. These non-aviation aspects of tourism are, however, being dealt with by other organizations, For example, the International Union of Official Travel Organizations IUOTO deals with the economics of tourism on a global scale in its annual Economic Review of World Tourism and issues annual statistical summaries the Pacific Area Travel Association PATA has published a number of pertinent documents see Bibliography in A endix 18 and other international organizations such as the Association of Southeast AW-ASEEIN, the East Asia Travel Association FAT, and the Orient Airlines Association OAA are active in the field. In addition there are a number of very active national travel organizations. 71 One serious problem relating to the development of air travel for some States in East - 4md .South gi. and, the .Pacific--the present situation in the area of Viet-Nam--, being beyond the scope of this Study, cannot be considered in detail, but is referred to where appropriate. 8/ Convention on International Civil Aviation, Article 44. - / IUOTO is in the process of being changed to the World Tourism Organization WTO, a specialized agency of the United Nations.