VISION, MISSION AND STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES ICAO works to achieve its vision of safe, secure and sustainable development of civil aviation through cooperation amongst its Contracting States. To implement this vision, the Council adopted the following Strategic Objectives for the period 2005-2010 Safety Enhance global civil aviation safety Security Enhance global civil aviation security Environmental Protection Minimize the adverse effect of global civil aviation on the environment Efficiency Enhance the efficiency of aviation operations Continuity Maintain the continuity of aviation operations Rule of Law Strengthen law governing international civil aviation These objectives reflect the status, role and responsibilities of ICAO as the leader in the development and promotion of SARPs and in auditing compliance to them institution facilitating and assisting its Contracting States in the implementation of SARPs, Air Navigation Plans, and ICAO policies promoter of global air transport policies for an efficient international civil aviation system ultimate venue for crisis management in international civil aviation body dealing with the development and diffusion of international air law and with the settlement of international civil aviation disputes and central institution for global governance in civil aviation. In addition, the six Strategic Objectives form the basis of the Strategic Positioning of the Organization as the global driver of safety management systems designed to achieve measurable results in aviation safety the promoter and coordinator of performance-based security measures amongst States the leading international organization pursuing unified and coordinated measures to reduce civil aviations impact on the environment and the key driver in the implementation of harmonized air traffic management systems and performance-based efficiency improvements.
TO THE ASSEMBLY OF THE INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION ORGANIZATION I have the honour to transmit, at the direction of the Council, its Report for the year 2005 prepared in compliance with Article 54a of the Convention on International Civil Aviation. It constitutes documentation for the next regular Session of the Assembly, which will be convened in 2007, but it is being circulated to Contracting States now for their information. It will also be sent to the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations in pursuance of Article VI, paragraph 2 a of the Agreement between the United Nations and ICAO. The Report was prepared by the Secretariat and circulated in draft form to the Representatives of Council Member States for their suggestions. The Council, as a body, did not formally examine or adopt it but, as in the past, delegated to its President authority to approve the final text after considering all the suggestions received. The 2005 Annual Report of the Council is my last as Council President. Since first elected to the position in 1976, I have witnessed and been part of the extraordinary evolution of global air transport. I take this opportunity to share my views on the direction of civil aviation in the decades to come. It is a fact that air transport brings tremendous benefits to humanity in terms of economic, social and cultural development. The industry currently employs 29 million people, directly or indirectly, and represents 8 per cent of the worlds gross domestic product, or some US3 000 billion. Some 40 per cent of manufactured goods by value are shipped by air and many national economies are dependent on air transport, which also supports the worlds largest industry travel and tourism. For air transport to contribute to the well-being of people in the years ahead, it must keep growing in a safe and orderly manner, as intended by the Convention on International Civil Aviation. Managing growth will then be the overarching challenge facing the world aviation community in the first half of the 21st century. In fact, traffic has grown practically every year since the creation of ICAO in 1944. In 2005, passenger traffic on scheduled carriers of ICAO Contracting States reached the two billion mark for the first time. A long-term projected growth of 3.5 per cent annually would push that number to more than 2.5 billion by the year 2015. This translates into more than 30 million aircraft departures. Cargo traffic should also increase substantially at over 5 per cent annually, well above the anticipated economic growth worldwide. In 2005, some 38 million tonnes of cargo, representing approximately 40 per cent of manufactured goods by value, were shipped by air. These numbers assume that we will have succeeded in keeping in check major impediments to sustained growth, such as airspace and airport congestion, threats to the security of airline operations, airports and critical ground installations such as air traffic control towers, as well as the negative impact of aviation on the environment. ICAOs role will continue to be one of leadership and assistance to its Contracting States, according to the six strategic objectives established by the Council in 2004 and designed to enhance the safety and security of global civil aviation, minimize its adverse effect on the environment, enhance the efficiency and maintain the continuity of aviation operations, and strengthen law governing international civil aviation.
In terms of safety, this means promoting effective synergy between our Universal Safety Oversight Audit Programme USOAP, our Unified Strategy and the growing application of Safety Management Systems SMS worldwide, three key elements of a global safety strategy based on transparency and sharing of information among States and the industry. Safety must become a way of life for everyone involved with civil aviation. Our security strategy is based on the ICAO Plan of Action for Strengthening Aviation Security, adopted by the High-level Ministerial Conference of 2002, along with the Universal Security Audit Programme USAP. Fundamental to the success of the Plan is the operational complementarities of USAP, the ICAO Aviation Security AVSEC Mechanism and technical cooperation projects. In the long term, we must diligently assess new and emerging threats, particularly man-portable air defence systems MANPADS continually monitor and upgrade existing security processes to ensure they are commensurate with the level of threat identified and expedite the clearance of passengers and cargo at airports while maintaining the highest level of security. Environmental protection is a daunting task. Aircraft today are 70 per cent more energy efficient than they were in the 1970s, but in terms of noise and air pollution, the sustained growth in the number of flights may negate this otherwise phenomenal achievement. We must pursue our work diligently through the Councils Committee on Aviation Environmental Protection CAEP, in close cooperation with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change UNFCCC and other interested parties, so that ever fewer people are affected by aircraft noise and engine emissions. The 11th ICAO Air Navigation Conference held in 2003 established the future direction for the development of a globally harmonized and seamless global air navigation system, with the Global ATM Operational Concept at its core. This blueprint aims at ensuring the safe and orderly development and implementation of global air traffic management that takes into account efficiency, regularity, cost-effectiveness and environmental protection. ICAOs policy on air transport liberalization is contained in the Declaration of Global principles of the fifth Worldwide Air Transport Conference, also held in 2003. It aims to create an environment in which international air transport may develop and flourish in a stable, efficient and economical manner without compromising safety and security and while respecting social and labour standards. Our continued efforts at protecting the well-being of passengers and people on the ground from communicable diseases will also be a major consideration. Finally, we must continue to maintain a unified global legal framework, in force and continually adapted to the requirements of international civil aviation. A Business Plan, which was adopted in 2005, will translate the Strategic Objectives into action plans and will ensure a link between planned activities, organizational cost and performance assessment. Support mechanisms, such as the Technical Co-operation Programme and the International Financial Facility for Aviation Safety IFFAS, will continue to provide assistance to States in meeting their obligations under the Chicago Convention. As always, our best guarantee for meeting the strategic objectives, and thereby ensuring the safe and orderly growth of air transport well into the future, is to work in close cooperation with all members of the world aviation community. It has been a privilege to be associated with this extraordinary Organization for 53 years. I was honoured to have been elected to 11 consecutive mandates as President of the Council. I leave ICAO in good hands, confident that the spirit of global consensus upon which it is built will always guide international civil aviation in helping to create and preserve friendship and understanding among nations and peoples of the world. Assad Kotaite President of the Council